Dāmghān (Persian دامغان ) is a town in the province of Semnan in Iran. He is on the edge of the Kavir desert on the route between Tehran and Mashhad on the Silk Road. Probably can be the name of Deh -e Mogan lead back, which translated means village of the lean.


Dāmghān is one of the oldest urban centers of the Iranian highlands. Some historians carry out the construction of the city on Huschang back, the grandson of Kiumarz and founder of Pishdadi Dynasty. By the 1st century AD, it was probably the capital of the province Qumis, although their precise location to this day is controversial. Due to its far-reaching history of the place moved already to many archaeologists, including Ernst Herzfeld. Many finds from around the town are to be seen in the British Museum and in the French Louvre.


Dāmghān is mainly known for its pistachios and thin-shelled almonds ( Kāghazi (paper) ).


  • Tepe Hissar, four kilometers southeast of the city center, excavations from the time of the Medes, Parthians and Sassanids
  • Tari Khaneh, the southern edge of the city, one of the oldest mosques in the country from the 8th century
  • Sassanian Wall north and south of the city
  • Various buildings from the time of the Seljuks, including peer -e Alamdar, Mansurkuh, Imamzadeh Jafar tower with brick decorations
  • Chehel Dokhtaran, very well-preserved family grave of the 11th century
  • Tscheschmeh Ali, source 30 kilometers north of the city
  • Various buildings such grave times, bazaars, old schools and bathrooms

Tari Khaneh Mosque

Sons and daughters of the town

  • Fath Ali Shah, king of the Qajar dynasty
  • Manoutchehri, poet
  • Mahdavi Damghani, contemporary scholar of Islam
  • Yadollah Royai, contemporary Iranian poet
  • Hasan Sobhani, Member of the Iranian parliament Majlis
  • S. Reza Taghavi, former Majlestabgeordneter
  • Pouria Nazemi, science journalist
  • Ali Moalem Damghani, Iranian poet
  • Akbar Alemi, director
  • Khosrow Vaziri, former professional wrestler