James Danforth " Dan " Quayle ( born February 4, 1947 in Indianapolis, Indiana) is an American politician of the Republican Party. From 1989 to 1993 he was under George Bush, the 44th Vice President of the United States.
Dan Quayle was born the son of James C. Quayle and Corrine Pulliam Quayle. He graduated from DePauw University in Greencastle, he finished a bachelor's degree in political science. From 1969 to 1975 Quayle served in the National Guard of Indiana. During his service, he studied law in Indianapolis and graduated in 1974 as a postgraduate Juris Doctor, after which he began practicing in Huntington.
With his wife, Marilyn, he has three children. His second son, Ben Quayle, was 2011-2013 Republican congressman for the state of Arizona in the House of Representatives of the United States.
Quayle was from 1977 to 1981 member of the U.S. House of Representatives. In 1980 he was selected for the State of Indiana in the Senate, where he served from January 1981 after a re-election in 1986 until his election as Vice President in 1989.
At the Republican Convention in the summer of 1988 presidential candidate George HW Bush chose him to be his candidate for vice-president. In the election on November 8, 1988 Bush and Quayle have won a comfortable victory over Democrat Michael Dukakis. On January 20, 1989 Quayle was sworn in as Vice President and thereby entered Bush's successor to, the took off the oath as President. Four years later he was re- erected as his running mate George Bush for the 1992 election. However, Bush and Quayle had to leave after the election lost their positions after a period of office again. His tenure ended as scheduled on January 20, 1993. His successor was Al Gore, who held office from now on in the government of Bill Clinton as Vice President.
Prior to the election Quayle appeared on 5 October 1988 in Omaha to a televised debate with the Democratic vice presidential candidate, Senator Lloyd Bentsen of Texas, where he moderator Tom Brokaw - as quite a few times before during the election campaign - on his age and compared to Bentsen limited experience has been addressed. He replied that he was more experienced than some vice-presidential candidates in the past and as much congress experience bring with John F. Kennedy ( " Jack Kennedy " ), as this is applied for the presidency, which is why in the event that he, instead of George Bush take over his office would have to be prepared. His rival Bentsen then replied:
" Senator, I served with Jack Kennedy. I knew Jack Kennedy. Jack Kennedy was a friend of mine. Senator, you are no Jack Kennedy! "
" Senator, I have worked with Jack Kennedy. I knew Jack Kennedy. Jack Kennedy was my friend. Senator, you're no Jack Kennedy! "
Quayle replied, visibly surprised. " That was really uncalled for, Senator " ( "That was unnecessary, Senator. " ) This reaction has been used by the Democrats in the sequence over and over again in their election commercials. Ultimately, Bush and Quayle won the election, however, significantly against Bentsen and presidential candidate Michael Dukakis.
Quayle was vehemently criticized during his tenure from sections of the American public, mainly because of its often referred to as poor linguistic and intellectual abilities. To sacrifice national and international ridicule he was when he decided in front of television cameras a primary school to supplement the correctly spelled word from this " potato" (potato) with an " e" at the end. This spelling was quite common as an alternative in the 19th century, but since then no longer used.
Quayle took the view that the music of the rapper Tupac Shakur has no place in American society, and thus sparked a discussion about Tupac's music in the Senate from.
He was awarded the 1991 Ig Nobel Prize for his failed education policy, a satirical award for acts of senseless.
A storm of anger - especially among women - unleashed his criticism of the fictional series heroine Murphy Brown, who as a single mother for the " poverty of values " in the United States is partly responsible because of the " chosen lifestyle " of her. He also fell, similar to later George W. Bush, because of his service in the National Guard during the Vietnam War in criticism, which was evaluated by political opponents as an evasion of military service in the U.S. Army.
Due to health problems Quayle was forced in 1996 to withdraw from the race for the Republican presidential nomination. In April 1999, he announced to bid for the Republican presidential nomination. However, he joined a few months later of the candidacy.