Danish Social Liberal Party

Det Radical Venstre (RV or R only, Danish for Radical Liberals ) is a left-liberal party in Denmark. It takes the suffix Danmarks social - liberal parti. Therefore, in the German context, the term Social Liberal is used.

Political Profile

The classical liberal content have been added recently distinct green accents. The current basic program of the RV was adopted on 22 February 1997. This is a democratic society with room for everyone, sought in harmony with nature and with respect for the livelihood of future generations. Injustice, violence, poverty and overpopulation wants to fight the party world, strengthen the international legal order.

  • Climate and energy policy: independence from fossil energy sources by 2050 renewable energy from wind, biomass, biogas, geothermal and tidal power by new environmental taxes in the amount of CZK 6.5 billion annually.
  • Taxes: A profound reform aims to relieve small income and burden of climate - and health-damaging consumption. The aim of the labor market stimulated and resources for national and global climate investments will be generated. At the same time the benchmark from which the top tax rate is raised, be increased so that average incomes are more protected.
  • European politics: The RV support the European project. Denmark's opt-out in relation to four areas of European cooperation should be eliminated by a referendum. It is about the Police and judicial cooperation in criminal matters, Common Security and Defence Policy, European citizenship and the euro.
  • Security Policy: the RV wants a viable UN, should apply military means in accordance with the Security Council. Denmark's involvement in UN peacekeeping missions under the auspices of NATO should continue. The country should participate without reservations to the security and defense policy of the EU.
  • International Cooperation: Development aid should be raised to 1% of gross national income.
  • Church and Religion: The relationship between the state and the Danish People's Church is to sort based on a well-prepared new referendum. The leadership of the civil registers is to go from the church to the municipalities. The church tax is to remain true, but it must be applied for the benefit of any religious community.


The Radical Venstre seceded in 1905 as a protest against rising military spending by the liberal party Venstre. The naming Left explained by the position in the political spectrum of the 19th century: right conservatives, left the Liberals; radically she was in terms of a consistently anti - conservative and pacifist attitude.

After an initial government takeover 1909-1910 the RV could make 1913-1920 the head of government again. When King Christian X Prime Minister Carl Theodor Zahle dismissed against the will of the parliamentary majority, broke out a severe constitutional crisis. After two executive cabinets in 1901 established parliamentary system was permanently gives validity.

In 1924 the RV, but only as a junior partner of the Social Democrats returned to the government. As a coalition partner of the Social Democrats from 1929 to 1943 the party was involved in the establishment of the welfare state. Because of their pacifist tradition the Radicals refused military defense in the event of a German attack, the radical Foreign Minister Peter Munch signed a non-aggression pact with Germany in May 1939. After the German invasion they supported the policy of cooperation.

1949 rejected the party from the NATO accession of Denmark.

The mid-1960s, the RV turned more to the bourgeois camp, leading to a majority government with right-wing liberals and conservatives under the RV politician Hilmar Baunsgaard ( 1968-71 ) led. Later, the RV was based both the conservative Prime Minister Poul Schlüter ( 1982-93 ) as the Socialists Poul Nyrup Rasmussen ( 1993-2001).

In the ten years the governments Anders Fogh Rasmussen and Lars Løkke Rasmussen, the RV had increasingly criticized the rigid block policy. For in contrast to the past, the Social Liberals could no longer influence on the formation of a government, while the role of right-wing populists grew more and more weight. Last but some success in the budget discussions could yet be achieved. Under the popular party leader Marianne Jelved the RV achieved its best result in more than 30 years at the general election in 2005. The growth of mandates but did not let also be translated into concrete influence, and the factional dispute, bearing in which the RV should be integrated to flared up again. On 7 May 2007, a part of the right wing of the party broke away to Naser Khader and Anders Samuelsen and founded the New Alliance (from 2008 Liberal Alliance).

In the summer of 2007, the former Education Minister Margrethe Vestager was new party leader. In the early general election in November 2007, the percentage of votes for RV decreased to an average value. At the next election in the fall of 2011, the Social Liberals fought against Social Democrats, Socialist People's Party and the Red-Green Unity List for a change of government. You could make up for their losses and reach the targeted group strength of 2005. In the formed 3 October 2011 Government Thorning-Schmidt, the RV six of 23 cabinet members.

Election results


Prime Minister

  • Carl Theodor Zahle, from October 1909 to July 1910 and from June 1913 to March 1920. Minister of Justice 1929-1935
  • Erik Scavenius, from November 1942 to August 1943 ( de jure until May 1945). Foreign Minister 1909-1910, 1913-1920 and 1940-1943/45
  • Hilmar Baunsgaard, from February 1968 to October 1971. Minister of Trade 1961-1964

Party leaders

In the RV the party leader ( Politisk leather ) never clothed the post of party chairman ( parti formand ). He is either Group Chairman or - if the party is involved in a government - ministers. In transitional phases, the real balance of power between the Group Chairman and the political speakers were not always clear. The RV separates traditional sharp distinction between parliamentary group and the party organization. Therefore, a party chairman hold a parliamentary seat, while the party leader necessarily has a seat in the Folketing. This also means that neither the simple member yet Congress delegates can choose their leaders figure directly.

  • Carl Theodor Zahle, 1905-1928
  • Jørgen Jørgensen, 1940-1960 & Bertel Dahlgaard, 1953-1957
  • Karl Skytte, 1960-1966/68
  • Hilmar Baunsgaard, 1966/68-1975/77 & Svend Haugaard, 1975-1978
  • Niels Helveg Petersen, 1978-1990
  • Marianne Jelved, 1990-2007
  • Margrethe Vestager, since 2007

Prominent representatives (selection)

  • Viggo Hørup (1841-1902), intellectual founding father of the Radical
  • Edvard Brandes (1847-1931), Minister of Finance, writers, Kulturdebatteur, editor of policies
  • Ove Rode (1867-1933), Interior Minister, parliamentary leader, editor of policies
  • Hermod Lannung (1895-1996), UN diplomat, delegate to the Council of Europe, Co-Founder of the Liberal International
  • Uffe Elbæk (born 1954 ), chief organizer of the 2nd World OutGames, party outlet 2013