Dassault Falcon 2000
The Dassault Falcon 2000 (originally called Falcon X ) is a business aircraft by French company Dassault Aviation of the Falcon series. It had its first flight in 1993 and will be delivered to customers since 1995. Technically, it is a downsized twin-engine variant of the Dassault Falcon 900 with less range. The Dassault Falcon 2000DX and 2000LX variants are still in production. From 2013, the new version 2000S to be delivered.
Dassault developed the Falcon 2000 under the project name Falcon X in collaboration with Alenia Aeronautica in 1989 to close the gap between the small Falcon 50EX and the large Falcon 900, after the end of production of the models Falcon 10 and Falcon 20 in 1988 respectively 1990, the single business jet aircraft of Dassault were. Four years later, on 4 March 1993, the first flight in November 1994 and the series production began. In February 1995, finally launched the product delivery to customers. The monthly production rate was specified in 1999 with two aircraft. Until the end of 2008 a total of 430 Falcon 2000 of all variants were delivered.
Technically, it is in the Falcon 2000 to a reduced Falcon 900 with just two engines. Although, the Falcon 2000 with approximately 20.2 m almost exactly the same length as the Falcon 900, but the interior is about 20 % smaller. This is due to the stabilizing Discontinued by the third engine completely revised aerodynamics, which required a longer tail. Externally, this is mainly evident fact that the Falcon 2000 compared to the Falcon 900 with the same length over three windows less features. On the side of benefits allows the configuration with a smaller interior and only two engines besides lower cost, especially a significantly lower fuel consumption and thus correspondingly reduced operating costs.
The interior of the Falcon 2000 has exactly the same as the original pattern Rumpfquerschnittt Falcon 900, which allows a height of 1.88 m continuous standing height. In contrast to the original pattern, the cabin is with a length of 7.98 m without luggage compartment and cockpit, however, significantly shorter. The cabin offers depending on configuration in the usual Businessjetausstattung eight to twelve people; but at very close seating in three rows, it is also possible to accommodate up to 19 passengers. The externally accessible luggage compartment is almost 4 m2 and can be loaded with up to 725 kg. The cockpit is designed for two-man operation and has a per -line 4- glass cockpit from Rockwell Collins with four CRT EFIS displays on. As an option, also a head- up display was offered.
It is powered by two Falcon 2000 CFE738 -1 -1B General Electric Aviation and Garrett (now part of Honeywell International), each providing 25.46 kN thrust. All built since 1999 Falcon 2000 are also equipped with thrust reversers, which shortens the landing distance. The engine nacelles are doing next to the rear segment of the trunk to the production share of Alenia.
The Falcon 2000EX is a further development of the Falcon 2000 with increased range, to extend the range upwards. In addition to new engines of the type PW308C Pratt & Whitney, which have a more than 20 % to 31.13 kN increased thrust and improved fuel efficiency, this was achieved primarily by increased fuel capacity by 31%. Overall, the range could be increased by about 1250 km to about 7040 km under IFR reserves according to NBAA. To cope with the increased mass, also had selective reinforcements, among other things on the chassis and the brakes (one part of saffron ) are supplied by Messier Bugatti, be made. The first flight of a Falcon 2000 as modified on 25 October 2001. In March 2003, the EASA and the FAA issued the approval and in May of the same year, the first machine was delivered.
With Falcon 2000EX EASy Falcon 2000EX are called, which are equipped with the modern EASy cockpit glass of Honeywell International. The first flight was made on 29 January 2003 and in June of the following year, the Falcon 2000EX EASy was approved.
The Falcon 2000DX was designed from October 2005 to replace the Basisauführung Falcon 2000 in production. Technically, the DX largely EX, especially the more powerful engines and a revised cockpit were taken. However, the tank capacity was reduced by 900 kg, which in turn reduces the range to 6019 km. The first flight took place in June 2007 and October 3, respectively, on 19 September of the same year was the approval of EASA and the FAA are achieved. The first Falcon 2000DX was handed over to a customer in March 2008.
The Falcon 2000LX is a Blended winglets from Aviation Partners Inc. ( API) equipped Falcon 2000EX, increasing the wingspan by 2.06 m and improves efficiency by about 5 %. The maximum range at a speed of Mach 0.8 thus rises from 7,040 to 7,400 km. The LX flew in the spring of 2007 for the first time and was approved by the EASA and FAA on 23 respectively 30 April 2009. The LX replaced the EX in 2010, which is no longer manufactured. Existing EX models can be retrofitted with the winglets and are then identical with newly LX models.
Falcon 2000 MRA
The Falcon 2000 MRA is a suggestion of a Seeaufklärers Dassault to replace the obsolete Falcon 50 and Falcon 200 Gardian in the holdings of the French Navy. For this purpose, a FLIR, radar, four underwing pylons and four terminals will be upgraded for operators.
In May 2011, Dassault announced at EBACE a new version of the Falcon 2000, Falcon 2000S, to, to replace the 2000DX an entry model. The approval is targeted for the end of 2012, with first delivery in early 2013. Thanks to the use of blended winglets and an improved variant of the PW308C - engine, which in particular includes a new combustion chamber, the efficiency and range compared to the Falcon 2000DX is to be increased slightly to now 6200 km. The Stickstofffemissionen are expected to fall by as much as 20%. Due to the flight performance version of the 2000S can also be used at airports such as London City that require a steeper angle of approach.
In the cockpit for the first time comes the jointly developed by Dassault and Honeywell EASy - 2 glass cockpit used. The interior is completely redesigned by BMW Group DesignworksUSA, the already designed an interior of the Falcon 7X. The first flight of this version took place on 17 February 2011 from Bordeaux-Merignac airport.