David Sholtz

David Sholtz ( born October 6, 1891 in Brooklyn, New York, † March 21, 1953 in Key West, Florida ) was an American politician and from 1933 to 1937 the 26th Governor of Florida.

Early years and political rise

David Sholtz attended Yale University and then studied at the Stetson University law. After its successful completion in 1915 he opened in Daytona Beach, Florida, a law firm. During World War II he was a Marine in the United States Navy. In 1917 he was elected to the House of Representatives from Florida. Between 1919 and 1921 he worked as a prosecutor. In 1921 he became a judge. In 1932 he was able to prevail within his Democratic Party on the issue of nomination of Candidates will peak for the gubernatorial election. He was then elected by the voters in Florida in this office.

Governor of Florida

His term as governor began on 3 January 1933 at the height of the Great Depression that struck the State of Florida as a result of the New York stock market crash of October 1929 ( and the entire Western world ). In the fight against the crisis, he was able to benefit from the success of the new President Franklin D. Roosevelt and his New Deal policies. Job creation measures were initiated. A first social work was prepared, which included mainly unemployment insurance and pension programs. He also advocated a reform of the administration. During his tenure generally free textbooks were provided at public schools. Teachers' salaries were increased and improved education.

More career

As the Constitution of Florida did not allow for direct re-election, he had to leave office after the expiry of his term on January 5, 1937. At this time showed the New Deal policies of President in Florida first effect. Slowly the country was recovering from the severe crisis. Sholtz tried unsuccessfully in 1938 for a seat in the U.S. Senate. He then spent most of the time in New York, but kept his primary residence in Florida. He died in 1953 during a visit to Key West. David Sholtz was married to Alice May Agee. The couple had three children.