De facto

De jure ( in the classical Latin form of de jure ) is a Latin term for " according to the law, in legal terms ( under current law ), legal, official, officially "; de facto is Latin for " according to the facts, under the circumstances, in practice, actually " (see in practice ), also called de facto ( " in fact " ) referred.

With a de facto circumstance is named, who is as widespread and generally accepted, even if it is not fixed by appropriate institutions formally de jure: de jure refers to the legal target state, de facto the actual current state.

These two terms form a antonymes pair of terms, ie, if only one of the two terms is used in a sentence, the statement has a " true ... but ... " structure and indicates the ( sometimes unspoken ) the presence of each other's on. As a pair of terms, the two formulas are often used to describe a legal, above all, international law, and political science issues. For example, be in office a government de jure, so it was used by applicable law. A de facto government (see also de facto regime ), however, has no legal recognition. For example, Somaliland is a de facto but not de jure recognized state. In contrast, Somalia is international recognized a de jure, but de facto non-existent state.

Outside of the legal language use the formulation de facto in the sense of being used in reality in southern Germany, German Swiss and Austrian region of wider strata of the population.

In addition, the terms de jure and de facto are used mainly in English related to technical norms and standards. The English term de jure standard corresponds to the German, the term technical standard; English de facto standard is usually translated as industry standard.


  • De facto, the Republic of Cyprus has a total area of ​​5896 km ², de jure is this area 9251 km ². This difference is due to the de facto regime of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus.
  • Switzerland has no de jure capital.
  • The U.S. has no de jure official language.