De Havilland Canada DHC-5 Buffalo

The de Havilland Canada DHC -5 Buffalo ( originally called Caribou II) is the manufacturer de Havilland Canada a transport aircraft.


The DHC -5 was developed for a tender of the United States Army from the DHC -4 Caribou with a larger fuselage. What was required was a transport aircraft that could carry a Pershing medium-range missile, an M101 howitzer or a three-ton truck. The first flight took place on 9 April 1964.

Orders of the U.S. Army were not based on the evaluation of the Buffalo as YAC -2 ( later C- 8A). The Canadian Forces acquired 15 units of the pattern DHC -5A with the service designation CC -115, of which one six umrüstete later Seepatrouillenflugzeugen. After the delivery of a further 24 or 16 machines for the air forces of Brazil and Peru, the production line was initially closed.

Since 1974, the company had established a continuing demand for the Buffalo, it began the production of the improved DHC- 5D. The more powerful engines of this pattern allowed higher operating masses and improved flight performance overall. The Buffalo Production ended in 1982. The last built by Total 122 copies was delivered in April 1985.

Since civilian operators had shown interest, de Havilland Canada DHC -5E developed version, the 1981 received the Canadian Type Certificate. In similar to the military essentially Buffalo, DHC -5E offered 44 passengers in the standard interpretation. The interior could be changed quickly for cargo and VIP flights. Ethiopian Airlines acquired two copies.

The versions DHC -5B with CT64 - P4C engines from General Electric and DHC -5C with Rolls- Royce Dart RDa.12 engines were not built.

Military user

  • United States Army
  • NASA