Dean Martin

Dean Martin ( born June 7, 1917 as Dino Paul Crocetti in Steubenville, Ohio; † December 25, 1995 in Beverly Hills, California ) was an American singer, actor and entertainer.


Childhood and early years

Martin's father was the 1894 Monte Silvano Italian -born Gaetano Crocetti. 1913 emigrated Gaetano how several years earlier his brother Giuseppe, to America. He settled in Steubenville and opened a hair salon there. Martin's mother was born in Ohio in 1897 Italian -born Angela "Angelina" Barra. Gaetano Crocetti, who called himself from 1914 Guy Crocetti, married the 16 -year-old Angelina Barr in October 1914 and a half years later, the parents were first Crocettis. Guglielmo (later William) Crocetti was born in the spring of 1916, another year later, on June 13, 1917 Dino Paul as the second son born premature. Dino said, by its own account up to the age of five, only Italian. He did therefore at school with his broken English very hard and left prematurely high school. He tried his hand at a variety of jobs, earned about under the name "Kid crochet " as a prize fighter in the welterweight ten dollars a fight. At the time of Prohibition ( 1920-1933 ) it was bootleggers. In the casino of his native city, he hired himself even as a croupier; he sang on Croupiertisch often aloud, and was discovered by a music agent.

Jerry Lewis

The breakthrough Dean Martin in " 500 Club" in Atlantic City (New Jersey) along with Jerry Lewis comedy duo. Actually his appearance after the Jerry Lewis took place, but one evening he came just before the end of the show on stage, and made jokes at Jerry's with. So one of the most successful comedy duos of all time was born. The elegant singer with the " child's head " by his side was the nightclub sensation after 1946. According to first television appearances, there was also the first film of the two (1949 ). Until the mid- 1950s they appeared in numerous quirky Hollywood comedies together.

Even more successful than the films, however, were Dean Martin recordings. In 1948, he had completed his first recording contract with Capitol Records. He had two number 1 singles in the U.S., initially "Memories Are Made of This ". The title reached on 14 January 1956 top spot of the charts and remained there for five weeks. His second number - one hit, " Everybody Loves Somebody ( Sometime ) " was written on August 15, 1964 for one week at the top of the Hot 100 with the remake of a Frank Sinatra - Single of 1948 displaced Dean Martin A Hard Day's 1 Night by the Beatles of course were very successful versions of his Italian ballads like Volare and That's Amore.

In the late 1950s Dean Martin tried drop the comedy image. After publicly discussed disputes Martin and Lewis ended their collaboration in 1956, he turned to more serious roles. He played convincingly on the side of acting icons like Marlon Brando, John Wayne, James Stewart, Burt Lancaster and Montgomery Clift in box office hits like " Rio Bravo ", " Bandolero! ", " The Sons of Katie Elder " ( The Sons of Katie Elder) and " Kiss Me, Stupid " ( Kiss Me Stupid ). In 1976, Martin and Lewis were reconciled again when Frank Sinatra brought at seminar organized by Lewis Telethon surprisingly Dean Martin on stage.

Frank Sinatra

Dean Martin's acquaintance with Frank Sinatra handed back to the year 1944, when Martin stepped in at the New York music club " Rio Bamba " for him. 1948 coverte Martin for the first time previously written a year for Sinatra and from that on Columbia (1957 again at Capitol ) brought out song Everybody Loves Somebody, with the 1964 he was an international success should succeed. Your professional and private friendship deepened in the early 1950s, when Sinatra multiple guest appearances on television shows of Martin and Lewis; from 1957 Martin was then a frequent guest in Sinatra's TV shows (and vice versa Sinatra with him ). In October 1958 she participated at Capitol together the album Sleep Warm up, took over the orchestral conducting for Sinatra. End of January 1959, the two appeared for the first time for a concert engagement in Las Vegas on stage after they have previously Damn for the film they had stood for the first time together in front of the film camera all ( Some Came Running, 1958). 1961 joined Martin in the wake of Sinatra's Capitol to its newly established record label Reprise, incurred for the further joint recordings.

The " Rat Pack "

As of January 1960, Martin and Sinatra appeared regularly together with Sammy Davis Jr., Peter Lawford and Joey Bishop, giving them the name " The Rat Pack " earned, said in reference to the " Rat Pack " Friends of the fifties to Humphrey Bogart, to that of the Five but only Sinatra had heard. The artists themselves called their joint appearances The Summit. They dominated with its many programs, the American show business and in particular the stages of Las Vegas for half a decade. Parallel to the concerts came together films like Frankie and his cronies (1960), The victorious Three ( 1962), Four for Texas (1963) and Seven against Chicago ( 1964). The mid-1960s ended the regular appearances of the " Rat Pack ", but were Martin, Davis and Sinatra in the 1970s and 1980s, sometimes even together on the concert stage.

The Drunk Act

A special Martins was the "Drunk Act", which became a defining feature of his stage performances since about 1960. Martin played a drunk entertainer who tried with limited perception to perform the show. The idea for this concept came from the lyricist Sammy Cahn, who thus anknüpfte to a role that showed Joe E. Lewis since the 1930s on stage. Martin took in his shows often explicit reference to Lewis and quoted him as follows:

" Remember the great words of Joe E. Lewis: He Said you're not drunk as long as you can lay on the floor without holding on. "

" Let us remember the great words of Joe E. Lewis. You are not drunk, as long as you can still lie on the ground without having to hold "

Already in his introduction Dean Martin's alleged blood alcohol was discussed. In many cases, he was announced as coming directly from the bar ( " And now the star of our show: Direct from the bar: Dean Martin "). For "Drunk Act" Martin was an unsteady gait, slurred speech, communication difficulties with stage partners or the orchestra, and the forgetting of lyrics, which meant that Martin his songs often broke off after a short time ( " throw -aways "). Seemingly complicated lyrics altered Martin; it was from George Gershwin's standard Embraceable You at Martin Braceembable you, other songs were completely new texts - from When You're Smiling often made ​​Martin When You're Drinking.

Dean Martin Show

1965 NBC launched the " Dean Martin Show ", which instantly became the show with the best ratings and could be sold worldwide. NBC had concluded with Martin only a one year contract. In order to induce him to carry on, the fee for a three-year contract from 40,000 to $ 283,000 per shipment had to be increased. The parent company RCA almost fell into financial ruin, but Martin was record holder in television fees. Musical adviser was Ken Lane, Martin since 1957 accompanied by live performances and on television.

Mafia connections

The Dean Martin Biography: "King of the Road" by Michael Freedland brings Martin with the American mafia connection. So should the Mafia allegedly helped him decisively at the start of his solo career, so he sang in the clubs of the " mobster " for the mafia bosses. When Dean Martin was a star long ago, he appeared in numerous also lower paid shows that were financed by mafia bosses. Biographer called this over a certain loyalty and sympathy Martins of the Mafia. Martin himself said that preparing him a bad conscience and no inconvenience, he did these people only a " small favor ". Supposedly wanted a - detained by the FBI - Mafioso injure or even kill them, because he had not been shown solidarity with the Mafia Martin. The author John L. Smith outlines in his book "The Animal in Hollywood" Dean Martin's longtime friendship with the mobsters Johnny Roselli and Anthony Fiato. Fiato, also known as " The Animal", proved Martin many favors; he procured money again, the two scammers Martins ex-wife Betty had stolen.

Recent tours and death

In March 1988, Martin started with Frank Sinatra and Sammy Davis Jr. once again a joint concert tour ( " Together Again " ), but resigned after only a week for health reasons. In April, he was already back on stage at the Bally 's Las Vegas. There he announced on July 29, 1991 his last concert. Dean Martin died on December 25, 1995 at the age of 78 from lung cancer. He was buried at the Pierce Bros. Westwood Village Memorial Park Cemetery in Los Angeles, on the even more film and music personalities such as Burt Lancaster, Walter Matthau, Marilyn Monroe and Roy Orbison were laid to rest.

When Dean Martin was once asked how he would like to go down to posterity in mind, he replied:

"As a damn good entertainer; nothing spectacular. A good entertainer who made people enjoy Themselves and made ​​them laugh a little. He was a nice guy. He did pretty good and we loved him, that's all "

"As a damn good entertainer; nothing special. A good entertainer who entertained the people well and they brought a little laugh. He was a nice guy. He 's done quite well and we loved him, that's all. "


Dean Martin was married three times and had eight children, with daughter Sasha by Cathy Hawn brought into the marriage and was adopted by Dean Martin.

Son Dean Paul Martin was also an actor ( The Misfits ) and died in 1987 in a plane crash.

Plate successes

Main article: Dean Martin / Discography

Music from five films by Dean Martin have been published on the double CD of Dean Martin - The Gold Collection, Proper / Retro ( 1997), 40-52 ( cd labels are reversed, and the film titles are contrary to the listing in the booklet on the CD of the number "1" and not on CD " 2"). The CD contains song titles from My Friend Irma Goes West (1950), Artists And Models ( 1955), Hollywood or Bust (1956 ) Pardners (1956 ), Ten Thousand Bedrooms ( 1957) and Canzoni Del Mondo (1963).


Guest appearances


Dean Martin got three stars on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 6519 Hollywood Blvd. in the category Film, at 6655 Hollywood Blvd. in the television category and at 1615 Vine Street in category music recordings. In addition, his hand and footprints and his autograph since March 21, 1964 immortalized in front of the Grauman 's Chinese Theatre ( 6925 Hollywood Blvd. ) In cement.