Delayed Gratification (also Gratifikationsaufschub ) is a term from psychology and means that the reward immediately, but is delayed. Here is omitted a direct ( effortless ) reward in favor of a greater reward in the future, which is, however either only gained by waiting or by previous effort.
Delayed gratification is partially used synonymously with the term impulse control. The ability to impulse control to delay of gratification refers to the ability to forgo an immediate reward in favor of a reward in the future.
A well-known experiment to impulse control and delay of gratification was carried out in the 1960s by Walter Mischel and is as Marshmallow Test by Daniel Goleman's book, especially EQ. Known Emotional Intelligence. This four -year-olds were given a marshmallow ( candy ) immediately and were given the choice either to eat the same or to have a second if they could wait a few minutes without eating the first marshmallow. In a longitudinal study, Mischel later found out that the ability to impulse control or delayed gratification is a reliable indicator of future academic success and a number of positive personality traits.