Template: Infobox city in Turkey / Maintenance / County
Denizli is a Turkish provincial capital in western Asia Minor and is equipped with 525 497 inhabitants ( as of 2012) to Izmir, the second largest city in the Aegean Region.
First settlements in the area of today's Denizli be dated to about 4000 BC. The area was conquered and settled by the Hittites, Phrygians, Greeks, Romans, Seljuks and Mongols. The city is the successor of the settlement located near Laodicea on the Lycus.
- 2.1 Origin of the Name
- 3.1 Population development
- 4.1 City government
- 4.2 Town twinning
- 5.1 Sports
- 6.1 Economics
- 6.2 traffic
- 6.3 Education
The city is located in the middle in 354 meters in a north-east sloping, somewhat hilly landscape, the many small rivers originate partly in the southern mountains or just around and in Denizli and belong to the catchment area of the Çürüksu Çayı, which flows into the Great Meander. The urban area of Denizli has an extent of about 10 kilometers in north-south direction and 10 km in east-west direction. The Vali - Reception - Yazıcıoğlu Dam is located east of the city in close proximity. Denizli is about 100 km from the Gulf of Gokova removed by the Aegean Sea.
The administrative area of Denizli is divided into 79 districts, these are in alphabetical order 1200 Evler, 15 Mayıs, Adalet, Akcesme, Akhan, Akkonak, Aktepe, Alpaslan, Altıntop Anafartalar, Asmalıevler, Atalar Bağbaşı Merkez, Bahçelievler, Barbaros, Barutçular, Bereketler, Bozburun, Cankurtaran, Cumhuriyet, Cakmak, Çamlaraltı, Çamlıca, Değirmenönü, Delikliçınar, Deliktas, Dokuzkavaklar, Erenler, Eskihisar, Fatih, Feslegen, Hacıeyüplü, Hacıkaplanlar, Hisar, Hürriyet, Goncalı, Gökpinar Yenimahalle, Gültepe, Gümüşçay, Gümüşler Yenimahalle, Güzelköy, İlbadı, Incilipinar, İstiklal, Kadılar, Kale, Karahasanlı, Karakova, Karakurt, Karaman, Karşıyaka, Kayalar, Kayhan Merkez, Kervansaray, Korucuk Merkez, Kuşpınar, Mehmetakif, Mehmetçik, Merkezefendi, Murat Dede, Pelitlibağ, Saraylar, Saruhan, Sevindik, siteler, Sırakapılar, Sümer, Şemikler, Şirinköy, Tekke, Topraklik, Yenişafak, Yenişehir Yeşilköy Yunusemre, Zafer, Zeytinköy and Zümrüt. In the city proper live 498 643 persons in the 25 associated villages and small towns 28,974 people.
The city has a total dry climate due to its location between the Aegean Sea and Central Anatolia. The average annual temperature is 15 ° C. The warmest months are July and August with an average above 25 ° C, the coldest January and February with a little over 5 ° C on average. Summer temperatures may occur to September, reaching up to 45 ° C in the shade during the heat waves that often last for several days and from June. The average annual rainfall is 571 millimeters. Most precipitation falls during the months of December and January with an average of 96 and 91 millimeters, the lowest rainfall recorded for the months of July, August and September.
The area around the city was inhabited since prehistoric times and later belonged to the Byzantine Empire. The ancient city of Laodicea on the Lycus was nearby BC by Antiochus II built about 6 km north of Denizli 261-245 instead of an earlier settlement called Diospolis. It was named after his wife Laodice. In Roman times the city center of a judicial district ( conventus ) was the province of Asia, was considered commercial center and was an important cotton -growing region. Beginning of the 4th century Laodicea Metropolis was the province of Phrygia Pakatiane. Between 363 and 364, the Council of Laodicea was held there. In Middle Byzantine period Laodicea was the subject of Thrakesion, had after an earthquake in the year 494 but lost all meaning.
The area around the city was conquered 1081-1095 by the Seljuk Turks under the leadership Çaka Beys and the city was founded in its present location. The inhabitants of Laodicea on the Lycus ( Ladik ) were resettled in the Seljuk period from the later of Denizli. In the course of the taking of Anatolia by the Seljuks and on the run from the later expansion of the Mongol Ilkhanate there were numerous invasions by Turkish tribes in Anatolia. Al- Umari recorded Turcoman / oghusische tents in Denizli in the 14th century 200,000. The Seljuk rule was interrupted by the Mongols under Tamerlane, who left the territory under the rule of Beyliks who then joined in the 14th century under the reign of Sultan Murad I of the Ottoman Empire. Denizli belonged to the Ottoman Empire in the Vilayet of Aydın. Ibn Battuta described Denizli with its seven mosques and marketplaces as one of the most beautiful and largest cities in Anatolia.
Origin of the Name
The earliest spelling of the city is Ṭoñuzlu. The adjective ṭoñuzlu refers to ṭoñuz (pig). So this was initially a place full of pigs. Ibn Battuta In Seyahatname the city Dūn Ġuzluh is called what Ibn Battuta translated itself with the "city of pigs ". This designation may be traced back to the presence of Christian pig in the city. Even at Tamerlane a euphemistic conversion is visible. With him the name Tenguzluğ (of alttürk. Tengiz for sea ) occurs. Following this led Evliya Çelebi the name of the city on the rivers and lakes in the area back; because Tengiz or Deniz can also mean lake, river or simply water. Denizli Denizli Ladik Lâzıkıyye or as it was often called to distinguish it from the old Ladik ( Laodicea ), therefore, can be translated as " water empire Ladik ". Several, the meanings of Ṭoñuzlu and Denizli appropriate spellings occurred during the history of the city, until finally the present name Denizli prevailed.
The population of Denizli rose from 2,500 in 1888 to 15,800 in 1927, 48,925 in 1960, 135,373 in 1980, 275,500 in 2000 and to just under 500,000 in 2010. Due to rural exodus from the province of Denizli and neighboring provinces Afyon, Burdur, Aydın and Usak has the population since 1990, nearly tripled. In 2010, came from the 498 643 inhabitants, 40,742 persons from the province of Afyon, 18,129 people from the province of Burdur, 11,575 people from the province of Aydın and 6,715 people from the province of Usak. The city's population is made up predominantly of Turks, together, in the district Sevindik with about 20,000 inhabitants live mainly Kurds and Roma.
Mayor of Denizli is Osman Zolan of the Islamic- conservative AKP. He took over in 2011 the office of his predecessor Nihat Zeybekci (ACP ), who was mayor from 2004. More mayor of the city were Ali Aygören ( DYP ) from 1999 to 2004, Ali Marim (until 1994 SHP after CHP) from 1989 to 1999, Ziya Tıkıroğlu ( ANAP ) from 1984 to 1989, Hasan Gönüllü ( CHP) from 1973 to 1984 and the first mayor Ali Disability Enel ( DYP ) By 1963 to 1973. Delikliçınar the town hall is located in the district in the same central Delikliçınar Square (Turkish Delikliçınar Meydanı ).
Denizli maintains partnerships with the following cities:
- Bursa, Turkey
- Tokat, Turkey
- Almelo, The Netherlands
- Betzdorf, Germany
- Braila, Romania
- Larisa, Greece
- Mogilev, Belarus
- Pavlodar, Kazakhstan
- Samara, Russia
Culture and sights
Denizli is called in Turkey for the Denizli - Kräher (Turkish Denizli Horozu ) Domestic fowl breed famous, especially because of their appearance and color. The cock of the Denizli - Kräher is the landmark of the city and mapped in the arms of the city. There also are some statues in the city, showing the Denizli - Kräher and Horoz Heykeli (German rooster statue) are called. This breed is one of the oldest Langkräherrassen the world. The typical cock of Denizli Krähers has black eyes, dark gray legs, a long neck and a red comb. It weighs 3 to 3.5 kg, and has a characteristic crows.
From the Seljuk caravanserai of Akhan (Turkish Akhan Kervansarayi ), which is approximately 6 km northeast of the city on the highway Denizli - Afyon, a large part is obtained. The caravanserai was 1253-1254 of Karasungur bin Abdullah built, the commander of Denizli Ladik was. Near the caravanserai are some Konaks who served the visitors to stay.
The Türbe of Servergazi (Turkish Servergazi Türbesi ) is located in the immediate vicinity of Denizli in the village Yenişehir. The tomb was built for the late 12th century Seljuk commander of an equestrian unit. Especially on weekends, many locals visit the Türbe and often hold prayers at the grave.
In Denizli, there are four parks, the largest of which is the Incilipinar Park (Turkish Incilipinar Parkı ). The other parks are the Çamlık Park, Sümer Park and Yenişehir Park.
In Denizli football club Denizlispor founded on May 26, 1966 home. He plays since 1983 in the highest Turkish Divisions ( Süper Lig TFF 1 Lig ). The home ground of the association is the Denizli Atatürk Stadium. The biggest international success reached the Horozlar ( " taps ") in the 2002/03 season of the UEFA Cup when they reached the knockout stages and only at the later champions FC Porto failed.
With Denizli Belediyespor and Kızılcabölükspor the city is represented with two other professional football clubs. Both clubs play in the third TFF Lig The home of Denizli Belediyespor is the Doğan Seyfi - Atli Stadium. Kızılcabölükspor plays in Tavas - Şehir Stadium.
Economy and infrastructure
The main industries of the city are the traditional textile industry and the printing industry. In Denizli today focus about 9 percent of the Turkish textile industry. Other important economic activities are tourism and the production of marble. Artisanal and industrial establishments also produce food, leather and imitation leather goods and ceramic products. Increasingly, increases the production of fiber optics, which is in news and telecommunications technology is of great importance. Meanwhile fiber optic cable manufactured in Denizli are exported to 28 countries and, increasingly, Europe.
The economy of Denizli reported since market liberalization in the 1980s, with losses a general upward trend. This trend is confirmed by studies that include Denizli of the fastest developing cities of Turkey.
There are in Denizli some bazaars and modern shopping streets and shopping centers in the western style. In the center of the city of Kaleici Çarşısı is (Eng. bazaar in the castle ). It extends over 800 meters and is home to around 500 shops. It was created in the 12th century by the Seljuk Turks, making it one of the oldest bazaars in Turkey. Teras Park, the largest and most modern shopping center of Denizli, is located in the west of the city and was completed in early 2009 for 47 million euros. It has an area of 52,600 square meters and 140 shops. In addition, in 2008 a second shopping center in the district was Çamlık, the forum Çamlık opened. The shopping center annually attracts 7 million visitors.
In Denizli, the average monthly income per household is 3,000 U.S. dollars more than the average for Turkey.
The urban public transport serve Dolmuses and 34 bus lines, the regional and long-distance Dolmuses as well as long distance and tourist buses. The departure or arrival point for all means of transport is the Denizli Oto Santral Garajı (German central bus station Denizli). In the summer of 2010 started the construction of a new bus station. He shall separate three floors buses, and taxis Dolmuses each other. During the construction phase, nestled at the city end of the large parking lot is used as a bus terminal. Compared to the central bus station is the Denizli Tren Garı (German railway station Denizli), the end point of the 9.4 km long Bahnhstrecke Goncalı - Denizli is. This railway route starts in the village Goncalı north of town. In addition, daily trains to Izmir and Istanbul, but the average travel speed is very low. Currently in Denizli takes place the transport of goods and commodities on roads. This will change in a few years. The national railway company TCDD works with the public utilities and private companies on a project, which envisages setting up a logistics village in Denizli. A date for the completion of this major project has not yet been called. Currently, in Denizli, a tram network in planning. For this to commuter trains and special trains that were made for the 2006 World Cup in Germany, to be acquired. The route will run from Servergazi Devlet Hastanesi to Pamukkale University. There are a total of 11 stops provided.
Denizli is a transport hub on the European road E87 and similar running railway line. The E87 runs from Izmir and Denizli, Aydın on to Antalya. The motorway O- 57 is a continuation of the existing motorway O -31, which are extended to Antalya and Denizli to pass through. Completion is scheduled for 2012. Work on a second ring road to be completed in spring 2011.
The airport is Denizli Çardak national commercial airport recently. It is located about 65 km east of Denizli. There, a new terminal was opened. In addition, the airport has been modernized and equipped with the latest technology. The airport is served by Turkish Airlines and AnadoluJet. With 160,000 passengers a year, he is one of the smaller airports in Turkey.
Denizli is the seat of Pamukkale University, which was founded in 1992 around 24,000 students has.
Sons and daughters of the town
Denizli was the birthplace of many prominent personalities. The best known include the singer Özay Gönlüm and Sıla Gençoğlu, the actors Erdem Ergüney, Sattar Tanrıöğen, Tuba Ünsal and Aras Bulut Erol Aksoy and the entrepreneur and the football player Kadir Akbulut.
→ Main article: List of sons and daughters of the city of Denizli