Denver International Airport
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The Denver International Airport ( IATA: DEN, ICAO KDEN, short DIA) is an international airport about 40 kilometers northeast of Denver, Colorado, United States. It is measured at the base of the second largest airport in the world (after the King Fahd International Airport ) and in terms of traffic volume is the fifth largest U.S. airport ( Atlanta, Chicago -O'Hare, Los Angeles and Dallas / Fort Worth) and the world's eleventh largest. He serves as a hub for United Airlines and Frontier Airlines. 2010 52.2 million passengers were transported.
DIA 1995 replaced the old Stapleton International Airport, it is one of the youngest U.S. airports. The construction goes back to an initiative of the mayor of Denver and later U.S. Transportation Secretary Federico Peña to prevent further noise pollution in the city of Denver. In addition, Stapleton reached the time limit of their capacity and made because of the sometimes extreme weather conditions and its node function in the American aviation system for frequent delays. In order to realize the project, in 1989 a part of the neighboring circle Adams County was transferred to the city of Denver. The city of Denver was thus increased by 50 percent. To commemorate this effort to Denver the access road was named after Federico Peña ( Peña Boulevard).
The opening of the new airport, which was originally designed in 1993, has been delayed for over a year, mainly because caused the fully automated baggage handling system in testing massive error. After revision, the claimed 16 months, the airport was taken with largely manual baggage handling operation. Only United Airlines operating to the parts originally built system for its outgoing flights, put it in 2005, however, from final.
At the time of design and construction of the airport, operated by Continental Airlines and United Airlines two airlines a hub in Denver. Since Continental However, in the context of insolvency proceedings, in 1994 largely withdrew from Denver and the stroke gave, United Airlines was at the opening ceremony, the only airline that operated a hub in Denver. The layout of the terminals is this fact until now owed, since the airport was designed so that Concourse A was built exclusively for Continental Airlines and Concourse B for United Airlines, after Continental with a drawing of lots the bid for the more attractive because nearer to the main building the boarding area A had been awarded.
Since its opening, many logistics centers have settled near the airport. So-called " Ambassadors ", uniformly clothed airport staff to help the 160,000 passengers a day to find their way in the airport. This system of personal routing and monitoring has been adopted by many airports.
The Denver airport, operated by the City & County of Denver Department of Aviation is measured at the surface, which he occupied, the second largest airport in the world. Denver's sixth runway designated 16R/34L is the largest commercially used airstrip in North America. The length of 4877 meters was necessary to enable the start of a fully loaded Boeing 747 or Airbus A380 at high ambient temperatures; especially in the summer months rises in conjunction with the elevation of the airport above sea level, the density altitude, causing the engines produce less thrust.
With an area of 137.7 km ² the airport exceeds twice the area of Manhattan, as well as the surface of cities such as Boston, San Francisco and Miami. Because of its enormous area, the airport can operate also atypical of business. So are located on the airport grounds 76 oil pumps the 2012 oil worth $ 6,200,000 promoted. The airport has over 40,000 parking. Parking Operators is Xerox Services. On the site there are three solar plants with a yearly production of about 13 million kWh of electricity, equivalent to about 6% of the electricity needs of the airport. A fourth solar plant is under construction.
DIA has a fully equipped Wi-Fi network, which is operated by AT & T and Cingular are still in the lounges of United Airlines, American Airlines and Delta Airlines, T-Mobile hotspots available.
The airport consists of one terminal building, where the check-in are housed range for all airlines, security control of passengers, baggage claim area, switch the car rental companies as well as various dining establishments and shops. To the north of the terminal building are the Halls A to C (Concourse A, B, C) harboring the passenger boarding bridges to the aircraft. The terminal building and the halls are connected by an underground guided driverless train. The train with a total of four stations is about 2 km (1.25 miles). Concourse A can also be reached via a 365 -foot-long glass pedestrian bridge. Before the pedestrian bridge is a separate security area. Incoming international passengers are routed through this bridge to the customs and border clearance in the main building.
The terminal building is named after the businessman and aviation pioneer Elrey B. Jeppesen, founder of Jeppesen, Inc. in Englewood, Colorado, which brought out the first navigation maps.
Denver has three so-called concourses: A, B and C. Concourse A is the southernmost of them. Primary users is Frontier Airlines, which has its base there. Even international flights of Lufthansa, British Airways, Air Canada, Icelandair, Volaris and Aeroméxico are handled here. Further north Concourse B is found, the largest in the area. Here mainly operates flights for United Airlines, and since spring 2010 machines from U.S. Airways. The northernmost and smallest Concourse Concourse is C. Here, the gates are of Delta Air Lines and Air Trans and departure areas of Southwest Airlines. There is the option of two additional concourses, D and E as well as an additional terminal building.
In his opening, the airport was only accessible via the extra -scale feeder road that branches off from the highway I-70. In the meantime, the beltway E-470 was built, which provides a further development opportunity.
For the future it is planned also a connection via high-speed railway by the East Rail Line, under the fast rack project. Construction began in 2011. Starting 2016, the operation is to be picked up by the Denver Union Station to the airport. The line will initially run by the Union Station in the city center to the Blake Street, where you turn parallel to the west on the Smith Road for a I70 to finally along the Peña Boulevard to lead to the airport. A total of seven stations are provided, at Peoria connect to the also planned for 2016 I225 rail line is planned.
At the airport a transit center and hotel has been constructed since 2013, where over the Nahverkehszentrum consisting of train and bus station, a Westin hotel is built with 519 rooms. A public plaza called convention and exhibition hall will be built connected to it. The project costs currently amount to USD 544 million, the opening is scheduled for 2015.
It was designed by the architects of the new airport Curtis Fentress Bradburn and James. The engineering planning took over the engineering firm Horst Berger. In allusion to the nearby Rocky Mountains, the roof of the Passagierteminals was provided with 34 symbolic mountain peaks of translucent and virtually self-cleaning Teflon-coated fiber canvas in two layers. In between there is a 40 cm thick air cushion. Up to 80 cm to Rooftops move in the wind. The roof is the architectural highlight of his professional life for Fentress. It is the best known example of the lightweight construction in the USA.
Overall, the airport covers 13,600 acres with six start and runways. Of these, five per 3658 meters and 4870 meters long. Three runways have a distance of at least 1310 meters ( 4300 feet) and have thus a parallel operation even under poor visibility conditions. Be handled passengers to 124 passengers climbing. The plan is to expand the airport to twelve start and runways. Then to use the provided 300 passenger climbing 100 million passengers a year can be handled.
Destinations and airlines
Had about 55 % of dispatched in 2012 as a departure or destination passengers Denver, while the remaining passengers are attributable to the transfer traffic. Every year, 1.7 million (about 3 %) passengers start or end up on international flights. Currently, the biggest airplane that flies to the airport regularly, the 747-400 is operated by Deutsche Lufthansa.
Overall, Denver non-stop is connected to more than 180 airports. Main destinations from Denver are Los Angeles, New York City, Chicago, Washington DC, San Francisco, Phoenix, Las Vegas, Dallas, Houston and Minneapolis. International flights are available to various destinations in Mexico and Canada, as well as to London Heathrow, Frankfurt, Reykjavik and Tokyo. Denver is the only airport outside a radius of 1,500 miles, which may be except on Saturdays from LaGuardia Airport has direct flights. The same applies to the 1250 miles limitation of Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport, the Denver received a few exceptions.
In 2012, the main airlines ( by seating capacity ) United Airlines (40 %), Southwest Airlines ( 25%) and Frontier were (22 %).