Des Knaben Wunderhorn
Under the title Des Knaben Wunderhorn published Clemens Brentano and Achim von Arnim 1805-1808 a collection of folk song texts in three volumes. It contains Love, soldiers, hiking and children's songs from the Middle Ages until the 18th century.
The frontispiece of the second volume reflects the Oldenburg Wunderhorn.
Cultural Historical Background
The younger followers of Romanticism devoted themselves greatly taken by national feeling, the collection and study of the origins of the Germanic past in folk songs, fairy tales, myths, legends ( Nibelungs ), and Germanic poetry ( Edda ). Everything was untouched by the negative in their eyes impact of modern civilization, was considered good and for the " healing of the nation" to be helpful.
As part of a general conflict between the Heidelberg Romantics and there also resident scholar Johann Heinrich Voss was the possibility of a "pure" image of folk poetry, discussed particularly in a conflict between the editors, long:
Brentano 's criticism of Arnim that his recovery of the found works to " poetic " and that they went far beyond mere recovery. In the thereupon widening debate about nature poetry and art poetry and the Brothers Grimm intervened, with Jacob Grimm for a "naive ", " true " and " necessary" entered poetry, while his brother Wilhelm Grimm quite the translatability and editability - example of foreign-language Myths - said yes.
Goethe, the first volume of the series was appropriated, published - as a thank you - also a criticism and praised both the naive claim the series as well as their suitability for scholars. He recommended Des Knaben Wunderhorn for every kitchen " of the common people " and for any piano of "scholars ".
The claim of a collection of old German songs of the people remains controversial to this day, accusations of corruption and self- creation - especially against Arnim - though sometimes appears to have covered the different definitions of art of the editors and potential claims to the factory but should be clearly separated and differentiated.
The modern critical edition
The authoritative edition of Des Knaben Wunderhorn appeared from 1975 to 1978 in four volumes (the fourth volume is divided into three volumes) as part of the historical-critical Frankfurt Brentano edition (edited by Heinz Rölleke ). This Wunderhorn Edition is based on decades of research and the legacy of the East Berlin folklorist Harry Schewe ( 1885-1963 ).
In the first volume and the song woman Nachtigal is included, which is probably the basis for the berlinish phrase " Nachtigall, ick hear trapsen you " returned. The Berlin expresses the fact that he has noticed anything in advance or " smelled a rat ".
- Achim von Arnim, Clemens Brentano (ed.): Des Knaben Wunderhorn. Old German songs. 3 volumes. Heidelberg: Mohr and room 1806 / 1808. First edition (Vol. 1, digitized and full text archive in the German text, Vol 2, digitized and full text in German Text Archive, Vol 3 digitized and full text in German Text Archive; 1 band in the Google Book Search, 2nd band in the Google Book Search ).
- Achim von Arnim, Clemens Brentano (ed.): Des Knaben Wunderhorn. Old German songs. 3 volumes. Heidelberg: Mohr and rooms, 21819 (reprint: JCB Mohr, Tübingen, 1926).
- Achim von Arnim, Clemens Brentano (ed.): Des Knaben Wunderhorn. Old German songs; ed. Heinz Rölleke. Critical Edition. Band 6-8 and 9.1-9.3 of the Frankfurt Brentano output. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 1975-78, ISBN 3-17-002105-2/ISBN 3-17-002106-0/ISBN 3-17-002723-9/ISBN 3-17-002282-2/ISBN 3-17-002283 - 0/ISBN 3-17-002284-9.
- Achim von Arnim, Clemens Brentano (ed.): Des Knaben Wunderhorn. Old German songs; ed. Heinz Rölleke. Island, Frankfurt / Leipzig 2003, ISBN 3-458-17150-9.
- Achim von Arnim, Clemens Brentano (ed.): Des Knaben Wunderhorn. Old German songs; ed. Heinz Rölleke. 3 volumes. Reclam, Stuttgart 2006, ISBN 3-15-030034-7.