Desaguadero, Bolivia-Peru

Desaguadero is a country town in the department of La Paz in the South American Andes State of Bolivia.

Location in near space

Desaguadero is the central place of the district ( bolivian: Municipio) Desaguadero in the province Ingavi. The city lies at an altitude of 3827 m in the northern part of the Bolivian Altiplano Plateau on the border between Bolivia and Peru. The city is divided by the Río Desaguadero, border river and the only outflow of Lake Titicaca, in a Bolivian and a Peruvian half, the Bolivian Desaguadero located east of Desaguadero - runoff.


Desaguadero is between the Andes mountain ranges, the Cordillera Occidental and the Cordillera Oriental. The climate is a typical diurnal climate where the temperature differences during the day be more pronounced as the year progresses.

The annual average temperature is close to 8 ° C (see climate chart Desaguadero ), the monthly values ​​vary only slightly between 7 ° C in June / July and 9 ° C from November to March. The mean annual precipitation is about 670 mm and falls mainly in the months of December to March, more than 100 mm per month, from May to August, there is a dry season with monthly rainfall less than 15 mm.

Traffic network

Desaguadero lies at a distance of 109 kilometers of road west of La Paz, the capital of the department.

From La Paz the paved highway Ruta 2 leads in a westerly direction thirteen kilometers to El Alto, from there the Ruta 1 96 kilometers to the southwest over Laja, Tiawanacu and Guaqui to Desaguadero.

In 1880 Desaguadero was connected next to Puerto Pérez as the first Bolivian city by a telegraph line with the capital La Paz.

Desaguadero is an important stopover on the inter- oceanic axis between the Pacific and Atlantic, from here the connection runs to Puerto Suárez in the south-eastern Bolivian lowlands on the border with Brazil.

Until the 1980s, vehicles were still transported by the Peruvian to the Bolivian shore with boats on the River Desaguadero, today joins an international bridge the divided border town.


The population of the town has risen in the past two decades to nearly twice:

Because of the historical population structure, it presents a significant proportion of Aymara population in the municipality of Desaguadero 84.8 percent of the population speak the Aymara language.