Designer ( Engl.: Builders, inventors, designers, other less common spelling: Konstruktör ) is a non-protected in Germany Occupation.
As designers working in Germany usually engineers or technicians with the respective subject area relevant educational background. Designers are usually in a design department or in an engineering office, or planning office operates. Often, they also work with drafters or coordinate their activities. The graphical design of the structure was once common on the drawing board and will be made today with the help of CAD systems on the computer.
Laying out the components and the verification of the technical drawing, and the definition of tolerance chains and materials are activities that are usually reserved for an experienced designer or engineer.
The ideas of the designer first lead to a design that will always be further elaborated during the further activity. Final result are technical drawings, including assembly drawings and parts lists that contain all necessary for production of the product material, machining, dimensional and tolerance information. In addition to exact calculation and test methods are often unusual, intuitive and graphical procedures helpful.
Points of contact and overlap there is, for activity of the product designer ( designer ). However, the focus of the work of a designer product is more in the aesthetic- artistic field. Ergonomic requirements can be processed by both. For products for general use ( for example, products of consumer electronics, home appliances and photographic technology ), the design is much more involved in the success.
Almost all industrially produced objects in our environment are devised by designers or fed at least from vague ideas of others of realization. The priorities are: physics, mathematics and geometry.
Certified Designer / Certified Design Engineer
As a designer, a Certified Designer / Certified constructs urine is under the Vocational Education Act, which perform the function of constructing designated. His task is to ideas, thoughts, principles, calculations and manufacturing processes to develop based on known standards that allow the function and the production of a technical product ( of a machine or a building ).
The training for Certified Designer / Certified constructs urine is a recognized vocational qualification in Germany by the Vocational Training Act ( Vocational Training Act).
- Machine and Plant Engineering
- Steel and Metal Technology
- Heating, air conditioning and sanitary engineering
- Wood Technology
- Electrical Engineering
Is a prerequisite for the examination as a certified engineer before the competent authority:
- A dropped with success audit for Technical / r System Planner / in, technical / product designer / in or Technical Illustrator / in or in a recognized occupation by the Vocational Training Act or the Crafts Code, which is assigned to the metal, electric and wood occupations, as well as at least three years of relevant professional practice of vocational education and training as a designer is useful or
- A minimum of seven years of professional experience in the construction field or in a metal, electric or wood profession of vocational education and training as a designer is useful evidence.
- To test can also be granted to those who can credibly by presentation of certificates or otherwise, that he has acquired knowledge, skills and experience to justify admission to the examination.
Engineers and technicians of the corresponding subject area can work independently as designers without approval.
Most major designers were engineers.
- Walther Bauersfeld - Star Projector and planetarium dome
- Oskar Barnack - Photo cameras
- Carl Benz - Automotive pioneer
- Hubert Cecil Booth - vacuum cleaner
- Tycho Brahe ( astronomer ) - astronomical instruments
- Starling Burgess - sailing yachts, airplanes
- Rudolf Diesel - Diesel engine
- Gottlieb Daimler - automobile pioneer
- Gustave Eiffel - Eiffel Tower
- William Fife III. - Sailing
- Henrich Focke - airplanes, helicopters
- Nathanael Herreshoff - Sailing
- Robert Hooke - Measuring instruments, chronometers
- Alfred Jensch - mirror telescopes and other astronomical instruments
- Franz Kruckenberg - Schienenzeppelin
- Sergei Korolev - rockets, spaceships
- Wilhelm Maybach - automobile pioneer
- Willy Messerschmitt - Airplanes
- Mikhail Mil - helicopter
- Max Oertz - Sailing
- Nikolaus Otto - Otto engine
- Ferdinand Porsche - automobile pioneer
- Johann Schütte - airships
- John Isaac Thornycroft - Torpedo boat, hovercraft
- Alexei Tupolev - Airplanes
- Olin Stephens - Sailing
- Leonardo da Vinci (artist) - Aircraft, Military Technology
- Heinz Waaske - Photo cameras
- Ferdinand Graf von Zeppelin - rigid airships
- Engineer, inventor, engineer
- Engineering Design