A desktop computer, or "Desktop" ( from the English desk for " desk " and top of "top", ie, a desktop computer ) is a computer in a housing form suitable for use as a workstation on desks. In common parlance is called with a desktop microcomputer.


Nowadays, desktops are tons of used in companies. The main reason is the dual use capability. The modern desktops are both lying and standing can be used, with this advantage, we are flexible and can place the desktop according to the given options. Typically, then install both horizontally as well as vertically usable or rotated 90 °, the optical drives either. In addition, desktop computers are less likely to steal than notebooks.

Differentiation from other types

The original distinction between desktop computers and, for example, mini or midi towers today is not unique, because the housing can be positioned vertically or horizontally on the desk by modern drives, as well as with mid-tower or full-tower, standing under the work table. Which variant is used in a particular case can easily be made dependent on the preference, for example, from the available space, the Cable Distribution and Electricity Access or. Until about the late 1980s, the lying ( "Desktop" ) was predominant variant on the desk while has prevailed during the 1990s, the Towerveriante more and more. Some enclosures are set up for both uses and bring example, separate, optional feet for vertical positioning. CD-/DVD-drives can, however, depending on the design force a horizontal installation, as well as some older still based on ball bearings hard drive models that does not release the manufacturer for vertical installation. In addition, there is technically no difference whether a case on or under a table as long as the fans are kept free.

Newer usage

Today also microcomputer with tower cases are referred to as desktop computers, even if they no longer stand on the desk, but below it. It is crucial that the microcomputer is directly in the workplace. These desktop computers are thus distinguished from laptops and notebooks on the one hand and of servers and workstations on the other.

Are summarized If actual computer and the monitor in a housing ( example: Apple iMac), also referred to as an all-in -one computer.