- Germany Land Nordrhein-Westfalen Detmold
The Detmold is one of five administrative districts in North Rhine -Westphalia. Spatially, it corresponds to the East Westphalia-Lippe region. Government districts take in the Verwaltungshierachie a middle position and thus are available as methods instance (State Drug Administration ) between the ministerial level and the lower state authorities and municipalities. The county was formed for the state of North Rhine -Westphalia in January 1947 after the accession of Lippe and was first called briefly the administrative district of Minden- lip.
- 3.1 Education of the district
- 3.2 Outlook
- 3.3 Administrative divisions 1947-1968/74
- 3.4 administrative reform 1969-1975
- 3.5 Development of external borders
- 3.6 Past District President
- 3.7 Population development
The Detmold located in the northeast of North Rhine -Westphalia and thus at the transition region of the Central German Uplands and the North German Plain. The county covers 6,500 sq km about one fifth of the area of North Rhine -Westphalia. The county is bordered on the north and east by the state of Lower Saxony, to the south by the State of Hesse ( Kassel Region ) and to the west by the North Rhine- Westphalian government districts of Arnsberg and Münster.
Current Government President since the July 21, 2005 Marianne Thomann -Stahl, FDP.
The District Government has its headquarters in Detmold Detmold. Other service buildings are located in Bielefeld and Minden.
Formation of the district
The Detmold has historically two main roots:
- The East Westphalian part (almost 80 % of the district area ) goes back to the earlier to the Prussian province of Westphalia belonging Regierungsbezirk Minden. This was in 1946 with the entire former province, together with the northern Rhineland in the newly founded state of North Rhine -Westphalia on.
- The area which today comprises approximately the Lippe district, formed until 1947 the country lip - as a separate German state of Prussia - and today is the third part of the country of North Rhine -Westphalia. The country was until 1918 the Principality, then Free State and therefore has a different historical and political tradition as Eastern Westphalia.
In the wake of the merger of North Rhine -Westphalia with lip on January 21, 1947, the summary of previous areas of the district of Minden with the territory of the country lip as well as the transfer of the government from Minden to Detmold was in the Lippe Punktationen agreed and completed on April 1. On June 2 of 1947, the first existing district name " Minden- lip " in " Detmold " has been changed.
Municipalities of the administrative district belonging to the Regional Association of Westphalia -Lippe with administrative headquarters in Münster. Moreover, due to the Lippischen Punktationen the country Lippe Lippe In part exists as a local association which also manages the assets of the former state of Lippe.
There are plans of the state government to repeal the government district in an administrative reform in 2012. The district governments will be three new regional councils (previously five district governments ) or three new tailored government districts, one of which Westphalia and Lippe to include based in Münster, replaced. Furthermore, the Regional Associations in North Rhine -Westphalia are to be resolved. The position of the part of the country lip, his state association and the administrative capital of Detmold, however, are controversial due to the agreements in the Lippe Punktationen.
Administrative divisions 1947-1968/74
The circular layout of the former government district of Minden returns with changes during the year of 1816, lip to the 1930s. Upon formation of the district of Detmold, the area comprised two urban districts, which means on the 1878 ( Bielefeld) and 1911 ( Herford ) back, accordingly two counties and ten other counties, on the 1953 the term " county" has been extended:
From April 1, 1947 to September 30, 1949, the two former Lippe enclaves Cappel Lipperode still belonged to the district of Detmold and thus were part of the administrative region, but were reclassified in the district of Lippstadt October 1, 1949.
Territorial reform 1969-1975
The local government reform in North Rhine -Westphalia resulted in the administrative region Detmold by merging two circles to a halving of the circle number, where some communities were divided other circuits. With the reform, there were exchanges of territory and border corrections with the districts of Arnsberg and Münster and the state of Lower Saxony. A side effect was which took place on October 1, 1969 replacing the designation district by district. In essence, the reform was in the government district in three steps:
- The largest part of the circle of Bielefeld is incorporated in the independent city of Bielefeld.
- The circles Detmold and Lemgo unite to form the new district of Lippe.
- The circles hall and Wiedenbrück unite to form the new district of Gütersloh.
- The circles Luebbecke and Minden unite to form the new district of Minden -Lübbecke.
- The circles Buren and Paderborn unite to form the new District of Paderborn.
- The circles Hoexter and Warburg unite to form the new county Hoexter.
This was valid until today, o reaches a cut of the administrative boundaries. The operations are not shown in detail for the purpose of clarity; see the links to the individual circles and laws.
In addition to the reorganization of the districts and the administrative structure at the local level has been restructured during this period. The twelve ( rural) counties were divided to 1968 in 648 kreisangehorige communities. Their number was reduced to 1975 by combining closures and amalgamations to 69. Force before the reform Offices ( Administration of Local Communities ) accounted for fully.
Development of the external borders
The outer limits of the district of Detmold have several times since its inception on April 1, 1947, Reclassification of municipalities or parts - mainly in the North Rhine-Westphalian government reform from 1968 to 1975 - as well as changed by boundary corrections.
On October 1, 1949, the former Lippe enclaves Cappel Lipperode ( circle Detmold ) in the circle Lippstadt ( Arnsberg ) were reclassified ( surface finish: 1.90 and 5.77 km ²). In the years 1953-1956 there were three minor boundary changes: for October 1, 1953 between the municipality Nordrheda - Ems ( circle Wiedenbrück ) and the parish Oelde (Kreis Beckum, Regierungsbezirk Münster) ( exchange: 6.38 to 7.36 ha), on October 1, 1954 between the municipalities Dackmar ( district Warendorf, Regierungsbezirk Münster) and Peckeloh ( County Hall ) ( exchange: 2.73 to 2.16 ha) and the April 1, 1956 between the municipalities Steinhausen ( Buren County ) and geseke ( county Lippstadt, Arnsberg ) ( exchange: 14.3 to 15.6 ha).
On 1 January 1970, the municipality Lette and a part of the community was Clarholz ( circle Wiedenbrück ) in the city Oelde ( circle Beckum, Regierungsbezirk Münster) incorporated ( surface finish: 14,50 km ² ); in return, the community Benteler ( circle Beckum ) in the newly formed community Langenberg ( circle Wiedenbrück ) and part of the parish Oelde was incorporated into the newly formed Herzebrock (area access: 16.89 km ²). On October 1, 1971, the common border of Lower Saxony and North Rhine -Westphalia has been corrected; affected in the district of the municipality Frille were ( district of Minden -Lübbecke ), the districts Silixen and Rott the community Extertal ( circle Lemgo ), the resort Sabbenhausen the city Luegde ( circle Detmold ), the villages of steels and Lüchtringen the Hoexter and the village Würgassen the city Beverungen ( Höxter ).
On January 1, 1973, the city Harsewinkel and the communities Greffen and Marienfeld ( district of Warendorf ) were merged based on the Bielefeld - law to the newly formed city Harsewinkel and incorporated into the newly formed district of Gütersloh (area access: 100.04 km ²). On January 1, 1975, there were several reclassifications based on the Sauerland / Paderborn Act and the Muenster / Hamm- law: Municipalities Essentho Ösdorf, West home and parts of the municipalities Dalheim, Furstenberg and Meerhof ( circle Buren ) were included in the newly formed ( Soest ) were and the communities Garfeln, Hörste, Rebbeke ( circle Buren ) as well as smaller parts of the territory of the municipalities Langenberg and Rietberg ( Gütersloh ) in the city of Lippstadt incorporated ( surface finish: City Mars mountain ( Hochsauerlandkreis ) incorporated ( 53.59 km ² surface finish ): 23.21 km ² and 0.52 km ²).
Past District President
The following overview shows the numbers of inhabitants of the district of Detmold to the respective territorial status. The figures are for 1987 to 1970 and from 1975 to census results and official updates to the State Statistical Office. Figures for 1975, 1980 and 1985 are estimated values , the numbers from 1987 extrapolations based on the results of the census of 1987. Data refer to the resident population from 1950 and from 1985 to the population at the main place of residence.