Germany (DLF ) is the name for the information and culture-oriented radio program of the Germany radio. By 1993, the Germany radio was an independent broadcaster, since 1994 or 2009 ( the start of transmission DRadio knowledge ) it is next to Germany radio culture and DRadio knowledge is one of three programs of the Germany radio. Studio office in Cologne - Raderthal.
- 2.1 precursor
- 2.2 Foundation of Germany Radio
- 2.3 1970s and 1980s
- 2.4 changes after the German reunification
- 2.5 Artistic Director from 1960 to 1993
- 2.6 Editors
- 2.7 correspondents
- 3.1 FM
- 3.2 Medium Wave
- 3.3 longwave
- 3.4 Live Stream
The thematic priorities of the Germany radio today on the one hand information and background reports, on the other hand, culture-oriented programs. During the day, especially daily happenings in politics, industry and science in the foreground while after the culture (music, radio plays, readings, reports on cultural issues ) determines the program. Consequently, the music share on the day is relatively low, while he and the weekend is about a half of air time in the evening and at night.
In the Cologne Broadcasting Center also broadcast ingredients for Germany radio culture are produced in part. The entire program of DLF is free of advertising. The station is one of the few remaining German radio stations that broadcast the national anthem daily ( against 24 clock immediately before the date change, in a string orchestra arrangement that is based on Haydn's string quartet version). Since early 2007, followed by attention to the national anthem of the European anthem.
On the website of the Germany radio detailed accompanying information are numerous programs available; selected papers are now as audio files ( audio-on -demand ) available.
Messages are sent from weekdays 05:00 bis 18:00 clock on the hour and half hour, in other periods on the hour ( except Saturday at 21 clock ). For every even hour (from 6:00 bis 20:00 clock ) and at 13:00 clock detailed messages are sent with a duration of up to ten minutes. For every odd hour - except 13:00 clock - take the news five minutes. Occasionally there are program-related deviations. Soundbites are not used in the news, because according to Germany radio messages reach a higher amount of information than short statements by politicians. The subsequent traffic radio program covers the entire territory of the Federal Republic of Germany.
Weekday sends the DLF von 05:00 bis 09:00 clock the news magazine information in the morning with word articles and interviews of about five to ten minutes in length. More information magazines are the information at noon von 12:00 bis 13:30 clock, the information in the evening from 18:10 bis 18:40 clock and the mission that was the day from 23:10 bis 23:57 clock, a current summary the events of the day. The shipment information evening follows until 19:00 clock the shipment background; here a theme of contemporary history is always dealt with in detail and analytical. Several times a day a national and an international press review with excerpts of current comments will be created.
The information in the morning are the flagship of the Germany radio. Within this mission, the main interviews protrude weekdays from 07:15 clock and 08:15 clock as an interview in the morning, mostly by telephone with a politician, particularly pointing. These interviews are often the subject of today's coverage in the opinion-forming media. Since the introduction of public-service breakfast television, which also features live interviews, the medial meaning of the interview has lost some weight, but it is due to the excellent journalistic services to its Fernsehpendant in information value and demand style is often still seen as a leader. The Germany Radio, as the Germany radio be operated radio station, has, in its self-expression out that his information programs in multiplier circuits ( journalists, decision-makers in politics and economy) a high priority possessed, were very popular and in this respect clearly presented the information programs of the national broadcasters in the shade.
According to the information in the evening followed by the 20-minute focus broadcast background, followed by three commentaries on the issues of the day. After that, the evening program in which Mondays 7:15 p.m. to 20:00 clock the shipment proofing follows - The magazine for political literature is transmitted with detailed discussions.
Factory Daily Magazine
Weekday run out of today's magazines from 09:00 bis 18:00 clock daily recurring focus magazines, such as day by day. From religion and society with background information from the world of religions or Europe today with reports from other European countries, Germany today according to domestic issues. Campus and Career provides guidance on issues of higher education and career progression, books market, research currently the Science Department with reports on new developments in science and medicine ( integrated therein at 16:57 clock the sidereal time, with references to-date astronomical observation issues ), environmental and consumers and culture today. Furthermore, sent two daily business magazines. One - Economy at noon - deals with the stock market and corporate events, the other - business and society - focused socio-economic developments. The Journal in the morning offers a one and a half hour conversation format with studio guests and listener calls to each one subject. In the afternoon one -hour magazine is sent to popular culture with music, Corso. Culture after three. In addition, each day was sent a poem three times a day from 1 January 2006 to 31 December 2010 at the Poetry Calendar. The poetry calendar was not associated with time, instead varied the time of broadcast.
In the evening, there are one-hour focus programs, some of which each deal with only one subject, partly in magazine format with multiple, as well as radio plays, features and longer music tracks. The Long Night (weekly on Saturdays from 23:00 clock, as a repeat of the night before broadcast in Germany Kultur broadcast) is with her three hours earlier once even five hours, the longest continuous focus format in the German broadcasting landscape.
Sundays 09:30 bis 10:00 clock is used by the multi-part series of essays and discourse (until 2006: Culture on Sunday morning ) broadcast. Subjects were to perform among others: Islam in Germany (August to September 2001), What is an image? - Answers of art and philosophy, neurophysiology, Media Studies and Art History (August to September 2002) and The Dialogue of Generations (January to March 2005). From 16:30 to 16:57 clock ( sidereal time afterwards ), the Science Department shines in science then the focal point of a half-hour in-depth focus on controversial mission science topics.
In the early 1950s gave the members of the ARD the North West German Broadcasting ( NWDR ) commissioned to produce long wave a nationwide radio program and broadcast after the broadcast of the GDR had taken a long wave transmitter ( Germany transmitters) in operation.
After lengthy negotiations, the NWDR shone in 1953, the first test transmissions. Three years later (1956 ) was the newly founded North German Radio (NDR ) to start regular operation of the program designated by German longwave transmitter.
Foundation of Germany Radio
In 1960, by federal law of Germany (DLF ) was established as an independent institution under public law. Passed by the German Bundestag on October 26, 1960 Law on the Establishment of broadcasters of federal law stipulated that with this law also independently expectant German wave short-wave radio broadcasts for foreign countries and the Germany radio broadcasts for (all ) Germany and other European countries should produce the broadcasts of Radio Germany " provide a comprehensive picture of Germany" under § 5 ( 1) should. With the entry into force of the Act on 16 December 1960, the two new institutions were considered according to § 33 as built. The mission of the ARD to the NDR to operate the German Long- wave transmitter, went out. The long wave was handed over to the new station Germany radio based in Cologne, which began with the appearance of a German radio program on 1 January 1962.
Official target groups of the programs were German (speaking ) e listeners in the GDR, in Eastern Europe and in neighboring western European countries such as Italy, France, Benelux, UK, Ireland, Denmark, Norway and Sweden. In fact, the Germany radio taught but mainly to citizens of the GDR, where an alternative to the broadcast of the GDR should be given to the program. An established by federal law broadcaster to supply the West German population would not have been permitted because of cultural sovereignty ( cf. 1 radio judgment ). The radio Germany thus became the counterpart to the voice of the GDR, formerly Germany transmitter.
Similar to most of the first radio programs of ARD at the time of the Germany radio held at that time a radio full program, which covered at different times of completely different genres of music, culture, entertainment, education and information. Later, foreign language programs were produced, which were broadcast in the evenings on long wave and medium wave and from the late 80s and via satellite in large parts of Europe. In contrast to Deutsche Welle, the international editorial board of the Germany radio while focused on Poland, Hungary and Czechoslovakia.
1970s and 1980s
The Germany German radio was the first radio station which broadcast a traffic regularly; with him the famous " traffic beeper " ( Hinz- trill ) has been developed. Was during the Germany radio received until the 70's just about long, medium and short wave, one first adopted in the 70's FM station in the German capital Bonn, and more in the 80's FM frequencies, va along the borders of the former Federal Republic, in operation.
In the information on the morning of Germany funk music on October 24, 1989, a live telephone circuit between the living in Hamburg - her singer-songwriter Wolf Biermann and the civil rights activist Bärbel Bohley in East Berlin - 1976 from the GDR expatriate. In the New Germany from October 27, 1989 then a hateful and derogatory comment appeared to previously hushed up by the GDR media person Biermann; according to this run for the Stasi documents was not to some extent considered to abolish the existing travel ban.
Changes after the German reunification
Already in the 80s the Germany radio had begun to increase its information share at the expense of entertainment programs on. Under director Edmund Gruber end of the 80s was planned even a complete repositioning of the Germany radio to a news radio with regularly recurring elements per transmission hour instead of a program scheme modeled on the French program France Info. However, this was denied by the Broadcasting Council.
After the unification of the two German states in 1990, the DLF had to provide his original contract, the GDR and Eastern Europe with information from the liberal- democratic Germany lost. The " trusteeship " of the Federal had expired for the GDR population, which is why the Germany radio as established by federal law not permanent institution should have to continue to exist. However, they wanted to continue to offer national radio for the united Germany. Therefore, the 16 states agreed with effect from 1 January 1994 to be building the public corporation Germany Radio by state contract under a common umbrella of ARD and ZDF. In this new body, the previous federal institution under public law Germany radio went on along with former West Berlin RIAS and the former GDR Germany transmitter. The foreign DLF abroad programs were already assigned to 1 June 1993, the German international broadcaster, the German wave. With the merger in 1994, almost all entertainment programs were canceled and positioned the Germany radio as a national culture and information program.
Since 1998, the Germany radio gives together with the organizers of the Bremen Music Festival a respected Nachwuchsförderpreis for classical music artists, the prize Germany Funk, who is Artist-in -Residence Fellowship connected inter alia with a.
After the new corporation Germany Radio had ( until March 2005 " Germany Radio" written ) future broadcast on the basis of the treaty two radio programs, the name stuck for the Germany radio from Cologne to producing program receive. However, its own director no longer has the DLF since 1994.
Since the beginning of 2006, the Germany radio has a new acoustic package. These include for the first time also jingles and after the news. However, these are relatively restrained and designed quietly.
As a station voice acting Matthias Ponnier. Jingles at the beginning of the shipments were in the mid- 1990s has been in use in the short term, but enjoyed extremely low popularity.
On 1 January 2012, the Germany radio under the title 50 years Germany Radio celebrated its 50th anniversary. Through a congress entitled " The place of the political in the digital world ", with special programs in the current program as well as a website designed for this event is reminiscent of the broadcast started 50 years ago on January 1, 1962.
Since 1 January 1994, the Germany radio is part of the Germany radio.
- France, Paris: Ursula Welter, previously Burkhard birch and Christoph Heinemann
- USA, Washington, DC: Marcus Pindur, before Klaus Remme
- Czech Republic, Prague: Stefan Heinlein, previously Christina Janssen
- Poland, Warsaw: Sabine Adler
- Russia, Moscow: Gesine Dornblüth, before Robert Baag, Isabella Kolar and Sabine Adler
- UK, London: Jochen Spengler, previously Martin Zagatta
- EU, Brussels: Annette Riedel, Jörg Munich mountain
The program of the Germany radio is on FM, DAB, medium wave ( transmitter sites Neumünster, Northern churches, Brunswick, Thurnau, Heusweiler and Ravensburg ), long wave ( transmitter sites Donebach and Aholming ) and broadcast digitally via the Astra satellite system and used in the German and some European cable networks.
Until 23 November 1978, the locations Donebach ( long wave), Ravensburg, Bad Durrheim, Cremlingen and Neumünster were used (all medium wave). With the entry into force of the Geneva Plan of the wave medium-wave transmitter Bad Durrheim was shut down, but were born in 1979, the station Erching ( long wave, only daytime ) and 1980/81 the transmitter Thurnau and Northern churches (both medium wave) added. On 1 January 1989 the station Aholming took on the task of the transmitter in Erching. Thus, on the second long wave frequency a 24 -hour operation was possible. Since 1 October 1994 the program of the Germany radio is also published on the medium wave transmitter of the Saarland Radio in Heusweiler, in turn went on 31 December 1994, the medium-wave transmitter Mainflingen to the Gospel broadcasting.
In 2010, the Germany radio competed with its sister programs to broadcast slots in national DAB bouquet. At most sites where the radio s Germany was represented via DAB prior to 18 January 2010, 128 kB /, the bandwidth to two 64 kB / s program streams in favor of DLF and the new program was divided. Since the KEF has reduced the DAB funding, the Germany radio transmits the due for DAB transmission costs from its own budget.
With the establishment of an FM transmitter network was begun in the 1980s, but especially in southern Germany the station received only weak support frequencies in the cities. The result is that the Germany radio on FM is outside of cities often very difficult to receive, in contrast to the long wave with its excellent surface coverage.
Since 2001, the program BRF DLF is broadcast on FM in Brussels, which is composed of shipments of the Belgian Radio and Radio Germany.
By the end of April 2012, the Germany radio sent his broadcasts via shortwave frequency 6190 kHz from Sender Berlin - Britz with an output of 17 kW. After the failure of a preamplifier repair of 1951 went into operation system would have been too expensive, so the transmission has ceased operations.
The following (incomplete ) list is limited to frequencies of at least 5 kW transmit power or other important locations, sorted from north to south. Overall, the Germany radio on 157 FM frequencies to receive (February 2012).
Over the medium-wave transmitter Neumünster ( 1269 kHz) sea-weather forecasts are sent daily at 1:05, 6:40 and 11:05 clock.
On the homepage of the station, the current program can be received as a live stream. The live stream is available in OGG Vorbis, MP3 and flash format. Selected articles are archived online and can be heard via audio-on -demand. Since mid-2005, there is a wide range, which can be downloaded as a podcast. Furthermore, there is the dradio recorder an OEM version of Phonostar player 3.0, with not only the shows and podcasts of the Germany radio but also other 6000 radio stations listened to and can be recorded.