Diepholz (district)

The Diepholz is a district in the central part of Lower Saxony. It extends from Bremen about 70 km to the south to the border of North Rhine -Westphalia, east of Osnabrück.

  • 3.1 Coat of Arms
  • 3.2 Kreistag
  • 3.3 District Administrators
  • 3.4 Oberkreisdirektor Directors
  • 4.1 Administrative
  • 4.2 Education
  • 4.3 Social
  • 5.1 Economics
  • 5.2 traffic 5.2.1 road
  • 5.2.2 Railway
  • 6.1 District Archives
  • 6.2 Museums
  • 6.3 Jewish Cemeteries


The Diepholz connects Germany's smallest and Germany's most populated country with each other, namely the Free Hanseatic City of Bremen and North Rhine -Westphalia. In the north, bordering the county Diepholz directly to Bremen, on the south by the North Rhine- Westphalian district of Minden - Lübbecke, in the northeast and east by the district of Verden, in the south-east and south- south-east to the county Nienburg / Weser, in the south- southwest and west to the district of Osnabrück, in the southwest and west by the district of Vechta, in the north- west by the district of Oldenburg and in the north - north-west of the county-level city Delmenhorst.

Nature Reserves

In Diepholz there are 50 nature reserves. The largest ( Northern Wietingsmoor ) has an area of 1,599 hectares, the smallest ( black-headed gull colony site) an area of ​​2 ha


In the district reform in 1977, the Diepholz went through fusion of the county county Diepholz with parts of the district county Hoya forth. Areas with names Diepholz had previously been the district Diepholz ( 1885-1932 ), the Office Diepholz ( until 1885 ) and the county Diepholz.

Population Development

( at December 31 )


Coat of arms

The coat of arms shows the lion of the Counts Diepholzer, framed by the claws of the bear, representing the Counts of Hoya.

Blazon: In gold two red armored, perverted introverted black bear paws, linked below together by black pleura; in an upright, blue and blue reinforced bezungter red lion.


The district council is composed as follows:

Status: local elections on 11 September 2011)

District administrators

Senior district directors

Public institutions


The Authority " county government " with their various professional offices ( "Technical Services") is housed in a circle house in Diepholz for the most part. Smaller parts of the administration are in accordance with Resolution of the " branch Syke " in 2004, yet the County House in Syke (Castle pasture / Amtshof ). Head of the administration from 1977 to 2001, Chief Administrative Officer ( OKD ). Since 2001, it is the elected by the people full-time district administrator.


In the district there are 78 public and some private schools (2013 ), among them.

  • 49 primary schools
  • 4 2 special schools ( in Diepholz, Sulingen, Syke, Weyhe as well as in free carrier sheep in Borstel and Freistattt )
  • 2 Secondary schools ( in Diepholz, Sulingen )
  • 3 secondary schools ( in Diepholz, Sulingen, Syke )
  • 3 elementary and secondary schools ( in Bruchhausen- Vilsen, Syke, twist rings )
  • 7 high schools ( in Barnstorf [ with gymnasialem offer], Bassum [ with gymnasialem offer], Kirchdorf [ with branch office in Varrel ], Lemfoerde, Rehden, Schwaförden [ with branch office in Ehrenburg ], Wagenfeld )
  • 5 high schools ( in Diepholz, Sulingen, Syke, Bruchhausen- Vilsen, twist rings )
  • 4 cooperative comprehensive schools with all secondary school types ( two each in Stuhr and Weyhe )
  • 2 Vocational schools ( in Diepholz [ with branch office in Sulingen ] Syke )
  • 2 independent schools (both in Bassum )

See also: List of schools in Lower Saxony

As well as the

  • Music School of Diepholz (districts Diepholz, Stuhr / Weyhe, Sulingen, Syke )
  • Community College of Diepholz (main site Syke )
  • Private College of Business and Technology ( FHWT ) ( Diepholz )


Hospitals: The four hospitals in the district Diepholz in Bassum, Sulingen, Diepholz and twist rings form the St. Ansgar clinic group.

Economy and Transport


The economic focus of the district lies in the north in the commuter belt around Bremen. Here are the biggest municipalities / towns of the district: Stuhr, Weyhe and Syke (city). In the vast industrial areas, there are several wholesale markets well-known companies (eg IKEA ). The south towards Westphalia is rural, although the Municipality Office Old Lemfoerde thanks to the industrial company ZF Friedrichshafen ( ZF formerly Lemförder ) and BASF Polyurethanes (formerly Elastogran ) has the highest job density.



Through the circle area, the Federal Highway 1 from Bremen to Osnabrueck to which the federal motorway 28 ( Oldenburg and the Netherlands) connected to the motorway junction Stuhr runs. The following highways open up the district: Federal Highway 6 (Bremen - Hannover ), Federal Road 51 ( Stuhr- Brinkum - Osnabrück ), Federal Road 61 ( Bassum - Minden ), Federal Road 69 ( Emstek - Schneiderkrug - Diepholz ), Federal Road 214 ( Lingen - Celle ) Federal Highway 239 ( Rehden - Herford ), Federal road 322 ( Delmenhorst - Weyhe - Erichshof ), Federal road 439 ( Stuhr- Heiligenrode - Stuhr- Fahrenhorst ).


Railway Tub Eickelmann -Hamburg

The Diepholz is in north-south direction from the main railway Bremen - crisscrossed Osnabrück, which was taken in 1873 by the Cologne -Minden Railway Company as Hamburg- Venlo railway in operation. At their are several important towns of the district, which is as it were tailored to these main traffic artery.

The only long-distance traffic stop is Diepholz. Since the abolition of the two hourly Interregio here keep some intercity and Euro City trains in off-peak positions. Between Osnabrück and Bremen runs every hour of the Regional -Express ( RE) with modern double -deck coaches; RE holds within the county Lemfoerde, Diepholz, Barnstorf, twist rings, Bassum, Syke and Kirchweyhe.

Also hourly moves the Regio -S -Bahn Bremen / Lower Saxony twist between rings and Bremen. They operated the stations Twist rings, Bassum Bassum - Bramstedt, Syke, Syke- Barrien, Weyhe - Kirchweyhe and Weyhe - Dreye. Since the introduction of the first stage of the S-Bahn 12 December 2010 travels from Bremen to Osnabrueck only a local train on the day.

Sulinger Cross

In Bassum the Prussian State Railway was from 1900/ 01 a further path in a southerly direction over Rahden to Bielefeld branch in Westphalia, which cruised in Sulingen with only 1921-23 opened by the Deutsche Reichsbahn railway Nienburg - Diepholz. These compounds are now closed and after removal of points and track pieces for the most part no longer navigable sections ( Sulingen - Diepholz at Sulingen ) even spilled the route by road construction. At times there were discussions to reactivate the shortest rail link between Bremen and East Westphalia -Lippe. Barenburg ( siding manufactured by BEB, oil and sulfur loading) uses - In freight transport, is now only stretch Diepholz - Rehden (Terminal manufactured by BTR- Logistics) - Sulingen. For this purpose, the creation of a bypass is provided around Sulingen curve, so that the trains in the future superfluous Sulinger station no longer need to change the direction and the released land can be used for other purposes. This means that the mentioned reactivation plans would lapse.

Private and small railways

In the former county county Hoya nor supplemented three small cars, the rail network:

Since 1900, led by Syke the meter gauge light railway Hoya - Syke- Asendorf GmbH east to Hoya on the Weser. After merger of this company with the Hoyaer Railway Company to the public transport operators County Hoya ( VGH ), the route was 1963 umgespurt to 1966 on standard gauge, so that continuous train of Syke after Eystrup are possible. Today she's back to operate for its entire length, is more than 10 days in and ( sporadically in the western part ) used as a museum route for freight year. On the branching schmalspurig pristine stretch Bruchhausen- Vilsen - Asendorf the German Railway Club eV has established the " first railway museum in Germany" with lively museum traffic.

Thedinghausen, which was built 1908-1910 by the Bremish - Hanover Small Bahn AG several stations in the communities Stuhr and Weyhe - In the vicinity of the city of Bremen, the route Bremen - Huchting touched. Currently, only sporadic museum trips take place, but for a part of the route of expansion is planned for light rail.

In Stuhr are also three railway stations opened in 1912 as a small web Delmenhorst - Harpstedt Delmenhorst Harpstedter Eisenbahn GmbH. Here regular museum tours take place.

Discontinued lines

The regular passenger traffic was up on the main line Bremen - set completely Osnabrück:


To cultural concerns, the Regional Association Weser- Hunte, the association "Art in the province," the music school of the local county, municipal and cultural officials within the cities and towns, the churches, the savings bank and private cultural initiatives care ( culture and art club eV Bruchhausen- Vilsen ( KuK ), home, environmental and cultural association "Owl" eV in swarms, the cultural Association Sulingen V., " Folk Jazz Classical Syke eV ", " Rüttelschuh in the water mill eV " in Syke- Barrien, " KunstVereinSyke eV " and others).

The Diepholz awards since 1989, the Culture Prize of Diepholz to promote artists and cultural workers from the region, or to reward them for their life's work.

District Archives

The " District Archives Diepholz " is the administrative archives of the local district. It's practically the "memory", in which the historical records ( the archives ) of the current county and its predecessor archived properly - be kept available for inspection by users - collected, sorted and organized. So ( since about 1770), cards, certificates stand in a circle archive files (since 1458 ), estates and old issues of regional newspapers for research- students, scientists and authors available for inspection. Housed these unique pieces - this heritage - in rooms of the old agricultural school near the Diepholzer station.


In Diepholz are numerous museums in different operating types available: District Museum in Syke (carrier: Diepholz ); Automobile Museum Asendorf; Post -Museum and Railway Museum First Germany Bruchhausen- Vilsen - Asendorf; Paper mill Bruchmühlen in Bruchhausen- Vilsen; Museum in the castle tower ( Diepholz ), museum in Diepholz ashes ashes; Dumber Museum in Lembruch (carrier: Diepholz ); Barn of the monastery mill in Stuhr- Heiligenrode; Museum on the city lake in Sulingen; Village Museum in Syke- Henstedt; Museum of straw processing in Twist rings.

Jewish Cemeteries

In Diepholz there are eight Jewish cemeteries Jewish Cemetery Barenburg, Jewish Cemetery Barnstorf, Jewish Cemetery Bassum, Jewish Cemetery Quernheim, Jewish Cemetery Sulingen, Jewish Cemetery Syke, Jewish Cemetery Jewish Cemetery Twist rings and Wagenfeld. There are worth protecting cultural monuments - stone witnesses for previously existing Jewish communities and a lively Jewish community life until the 1930s. The cemeteries are usually locate bad, especially since they mainly located on the outskirts of towns. In Diepholz there was also a Jewish cemetery, which was occupied until 1938. But he was devastated in the Nazi era and the grave stones used for road construction.

Cities and Towns

(Population at 31 December 2012)

See also: List of municipalities in the district Diepholz

Unit communities

Joint communities with their member communities

* Head Samtgemeinde management

  • 2 Samtgemeinde Barnstorf ( 11,705 )
  • 3 Samtgemeinde Bruchhausen- Vilsen ( 16,707 )
  • 4 Samtgemeinde Kirchdorf ( 6846 )
  • 5 Samtgemeinde Rehden ( 5645 )
  • 6 Samtgemeinde Schwaförden ( 6939 )
  • 7 Samtgemeinde Siedenburg ( 4597 )

The community of angels was on November 1, 2011 Part of the newly formed patch Bruchhausen- Vilsen.