Dime (United States coin)
The Dime [ daɪm ] is a coin of the United States worth ten cents, or one tenth of dollars. The present coin features the 32nd president, Franklin D. Roosevelt, on the front, while a torch, an oak branch and an olive branch can be seen on the back.
The term dime comes from ( going back to the Latin " decima ( pars ) " ) from the Old French " di ( s ) me ", meaning " tenth ". Related to this is the French denomination Décime.
The value of the U.S. 10 cent coin is marked " One Dime " and not with " 10 cents ". Dime is therefore just as cents an official sub-unit of the U.S. dollar, in contrast to the German ten- penny coin, which has only been referred to colloquially as a " dime ".
The following applies: $ 1 = 10 = 100 cents = 1000 Dime Mill (now obsolete )
Today, with " Dime " usually only the specific Münznominal meant, and not the currency unit. Between 1837 and 1873, however, the five-cent piece was known as the "Half Dime ". This is now referred to colloquially as " nickel ", official name is, however, " 5 cents ".
In 1792 a law for embossing a " Disme ", worth one tenth dollar, adopted. In that year, however, only sample coins were produced.
The first dimes for circulation published in 1796, then still without a value. This type is called " Draped Bust ". 1809, the design of the coin was changed ( " Capped Bust " ) and added the figure " 10 C. ". Since 1837 " One Dime " appears as the value specified on the coins. This year, the " Seated Liberty " was chosen as a new coin motif. The 1892-1916 embossed type is known as " Barber Dime ", named after the designer Charles E. Barber. 1916-1945 was the coin the portrait of Liberty with a winged head, designed by Adolph Alexander Weinman. Often this motive, however, was interpreted as Mercury, which is why this type of "Mercury Dime " is called.
1946, the current design was introduced, the " Roosevelt Dime " in honor of President Franklin D. Roosevelt, who died in April 1945. The dime was chosen because Roosevelt began with the charity March of Dimes in the fight against polio.
It was designed by John R. Sinnock the coin. His initials " JS " are seen on the front. In the anti-communist climate in the U.S., rumors these initials stood for Joseph Stalin and had been attached by a Soviet agent.
1965 changed the composition of the coin. Instead of the previous silver she was now of a copper core clad with a copper nickel alloy. The weight proportions (related to the entire coin) be 91.67 % copper and 8.33% nickel.
2003 tried Rep. by law to replace the portrait of Roosevelt by that of Ronald Reagan, but they were unsuccessful.
The coin is 2.268 grams and a diameter of 17.91 mm and a thickness of 1.35 millimeters. The edge is serrated (118 Riffel ).