Dino (automobile)

Ferrari Dino or Dino is only the name of a series of almost invariably equipped with a V6 engine sports and sports racing cars of the Italian car manufacturer Ferrari.

  • 3.1 Dino 206S (1958 )
  • 3.2 Dino 196S (1959 )
  • 3.3 Dino 296S (1959 )
  • 3.4 Dino 246S (1960 )
  • 3.5 Dino 246SP (1961 )
  • 3.6 Dino 196SP (1962 )
  • 3.7 Dino 286SP (1962 )
  • 3.8 Dino 166P/206P (1965 )
  • 3.9 Dino 206S/246P ( small series 1966/67 )
  • 4.1 Dino 206 GT ( 1967-1969 )
  • 4.2 Dino 246 GT / GTS ( 1969-1974 )
  • 4.3 Dino 308 GT4 ( 1973-1980 )
  • Dino 208 GT4 4.4 ( 1975-1980 )


The term " dinosaur " comes from Enzo Ferrari in 1956 deceased young son Alfredo, called " Dino" ( short form of the diminutive Alfredino ), a result whose conceived by him V6 engine in the late 1950s in racing cars of Formula 1 and Formula 2 and was used from the late 1960s in standard sports cars.

The original, used in the Formula One racing car design of the V6 Dino engine from the hand of Vittorio Jano had a fork angle of 65 °, two overhead camshafts per cylinder bank, dual ignition and dry sump lubrication. In the sports racing cars a simpler version came with 60 degrees rake angle, one overhead camshaft per bank, single ignition and dry sump lubrication for use. The Dino V6 used from 1965 were designed by Franco Rocchi, reported back to a fork angle of 65 °, two overhead camshafts and dual ignition and were both in the later formula 2 models Ferraris and, in modified form, in the Dino - series models used by Ferrari and Fiat and later in the Lancia Stratos. '

In order to be present below the classic V12 sports car, was particularly taken with the mid-engine prototype sports cars Ferrari Dino 206 in the category up to two liters of displacement, the challenge of the Porsche 904 in the sports car world championship. These included the mid-1960s also hillclimb or the angular Targa Florio, the Ferrari Dino 246SP had won in 1961 and 1962. Also in the 1000 km race at the Nürburgring, the small V6 were often better than their big brothers V12.

From 1967 1600 - cubic - engines have been approved in the new Formula 2 European Championship, has been provided which sold at least 500 were ( homologation ). In order to sell the required quantities of the engine had to go new ways Ferrari. We cooperated with Fiat, it resulted the first Fiat Dino, in which the conventional V6 under the hood was used. A small series of 50 racing cars of the type Dino 206S was intended to be homologated as a sports car, the required number was, however, also 1967 not approached.

Long before the V12 Ferrari placed behind the seats of the production cars they built the V6 mid-engine sports car in series. This relatively inexpensive cars, however they wanted to admit neither the good name of the Ferrari Cavallino rampante. The new brand Dino was introduced, at first only with the Dino 206 In 1969 came the bigger Dino 246, with the famous V6, which later also the Italian design and rally icon Lancia Stratos drive. The Dino 246 GT was in 1970 as a vehicle for Danny Wilde ( Tony Curtis), a star of the television series The 2nd

After a model change were the now -edged shaped, with eight-cylinder engines equipped Dino 208 GT 4 and 4 offered Dino 308 GT. The Dino 308 GT 4 was " knighted " Over the years, the actual Ferrari (Ferrari Dino 308 GT 4) and was the forerunner of until the 1980s, most built Ferrari, the Ferrari 308, in its execution, known as the 308 GTS, among other from the U.S. television series Magnum.

The smaller version was abandoned along with the brand Dino. In retrospect, the Dino, although not recognized as Ferrari, saved the brand, because the bulk of sales were made with the derived from the Dino V8 vehicles. From the series Dino 246 GT even 2487 copies were built between 1969 and 1974.

Dino racing car

Dino 156F2 ( 1957-1960 )

From the season 1957 Ferrari sat in the newly designed formula 2 ( 1.5 liters engine capacity limit ) a new model developed by Vittorio Jano 1.5-liter V6 with a fork angle of 65 ° unusual one, the Dino 156F2. The bore and stroke masses with 70 x 64.5mm short-stroke designed engine with two overhead camshafts made ​​129 kW (180 hp) at 8500 rpm. The chassis had coil springs front and rear on a De Dion axle and Dunlop disc brakes. The car was in 1957 only used twice.

In the season 1958, the Dino 156F2 received a tubular space frame chassis and the power increased to 132 kW (190 hp) at 9000/min.

In 1960, the return to the original longitudinal tubular frame chassis with side tanks. The wheelbase has been lengthened to 2160 mm.

Dino 246F1 ( 1957-1960 )

From Dino 156F2 of 1957, a Formula 1 version was derived, the Dino 246F1 with 2.4-liter V6. The car was used in Formula 1 until 1960.

Dino 246F1/250TR ( 1960-1962 )

In this single piece it was a Dino 246F1 which the three-liter V12 Ferrari 250 Testa Rossa was the end of 1960 and was 1961/62 used by a privateer in the Tasman Cup racing series.

Dino 166F2 ( 1967-1970 )

With the Dino Ferrari 166F2 played from 1967 to 1968 inserts in Formula 2 after the engine in the Fiat Dino had reached the right sales figure of 500 units. Initially, the car had a 1.6-liter V6 ( fork angle further 65 °, bore x stroke 86 x 45.8 mm ) with 18 valves, Lucas fuel injection, twin-spark ignition and two overhead camshafts per cylinder bank, the 147 kW ( 200 hp ) carried out at 10,000 rpm.

In 1968 a completely different engineered 1.6-liter V6 engine with a bore of 79.5 mm and a stroke of 53.5 was used, the (225 PS ) carried out 165 kW at 10.600/min.

Dino 246 Tasman (1966 )

Another unique piece for the Tasman Cup. A Dino 166F2 in 1966 received a 2.4-liter V6 with special 3 initially, later 4 valves per cylinder, with Chris Amon the race Tasmania in 1968/69 denied before the car was sold to a privateer.

Dino racing cars

Dino 206S (1958 )

In April 1958, the Dino 206S with two-liter V6 front engine celebrated its race debut. The machine ( Bore × Stroke 77 × 71 mm, capacity 1983 cm ³) made ​​162 kW (220 hp) at 8500 rpm. A copy was built, which was used only twice.

Dino 196S (1959 )

In 1959, the Dino 196S denied some races. In this car it was a Dino 206S with other bodywork. Two examples were built.

Dino 296S (1959 )

The Dino 296S, who took part at Silverstone in 1959 in a race, had a front-mounted three-liter SOHC V6 ( bore x stroke 85 x 87 mm Displacement 2962 cc ) with 221kW ( 300hp ) and was later converted to 250 Testa Rossa.

Dino 246S (1960 )

The last Dino Sport race car with front engine was the 246S, of the disputed 1960 1000 km of Buenor Aires and the 1000 kilometers on the Nürburgring. The SOHC V6 with 2.4 liters of displacement ( bore x stroke 85 x 71 mm, 2417 cc ) made ​​182kW (248 hp) at 7500 rpm. Two examples were built.

Dino 246SP (1961 )

The Dino 246SP was a mid-engined sports racing car with the 2.4 -liter 65 -degree V6 of the previous year - 246S Dino, who made ​​here 199 kW (270 hp). Two examples were built and 1961/62 used with some success.

Dino 196SP (1962 )

The Dino 196SP had a two-liter 60 ° V6 engine with an overhead camshaft per cylinder bank (similar to the engine of the Dino 196S from 1958). A Dino 196SP occupied at the Targa Florio in 1962 second place overall and won the European Hill Climb Championship 1962 Ludovico Scarfiotti. It was originally built only one copy, at two 196SP later it was rebuilt Ferrari 268SP.

Dino 286SP (1962 )

The 286SP with 2.9 -liter V6 was introduced together with the 196SP early 1962, but not followed by soon after the introduction of the Ferrari 268SP were performed with 2.6-liter V8.

Dino 166P/206P (1965 )

The mid-1960s made ​​the Porsche 904 successes in the two-liter class, especially at Targa Florio and mountain races. Ferrari 's answer, the third generation of the Dino racing cars, possessed the constructed by Franco Rocchi 65 ° V6 in mid-engine mounting position. The Dino with the chassis 0834 was powered by a 1.6 -liter V6 ( Bore x stroke 77 mm x57, engine capacity 1592 cc ) driven, the (180 PS ) carried out 132 kW at 9000/min, and was as 1,6 - liter six-cylinder prototype logically called 166P.

Dino 206S/246P ( small series 1966/67 )

In the presented in February 1966 Dino 206S, it was, like the letter S indicates, a mid-engined sports racing car, which should be built in a small series of 50 pieces to be homologated as a sports car by Group 4 rules. This number was not reached in two years, also because of strikes in Italy, so that a total of only 17 or 18 chassis were built, the last in 1967 copies only as exhibits were used. In contrast, built and sold dozens of copies of Porsche Porsche 906, so this was already homologated in May 1966 at the sports car. The Dinos were therefore used only in the prototype class to two liters, whether or not modified accordingly as 206SP. The red -and-white six-cylinder Dino duels against Carrera, which also took place at the CanAm were reenacted in countless living rooms with the Carrera ( race track ).

The two-liter V6 was previously tested in the Dino 206p and made over 160 kW ( 218 hp ), which corresponded approximately to the 220 ​​hp of the customer 906 carbureted engine. In 1966, the Dino won several second and third places ( Targa Florio, Nurburgring), but usually had a disadvantage against the numerous 906, with the exception of the Nürburgring and Spa, where the Armada from Zuffenhausen went down. In the wet race, of all places at Monza and the Targa, all Ferrari drivers had to contend with faulty windshield wipers. Victories in World Championship races scored the Dino 1966 in Enna Pergusa and on the mountain in Sierre -Crans Montana, where for the first time the new Porsche 910 showed up.

In 1967 the Stuttgart ex Porsche works driver Günter Klass was recruited, who had led the 1966 Targa before he collided with his teammate. For the Nürburgringrennen 1967 246P him a special Dino 206S with a Bandini 's Dino has been made available, 246 Formula 1 engine from the year 1966. The car suffered an engine failure in training and could not compete in the race. Klass had an accident in the road race at Mugello in Dino test car fatal.

Dino - series models

Dino 206 GT ( 1967-1969 )

The Dino 206 GT was as Pininfarina style study first shown at the Paris Salon in 1965 as " Dino 206 GT Speciale ". This prototype was the basis for the stylistic design of the later series model that went into production late 1968. Was driven the 206 GT from a mounted longitudinally behind the cockpit two-liter DOHC V6 ( Bore × Stroke 86 × 57 mm Displacement 1987 cc ) which, ventilated by three Weber 40DCF carburetor, 132 kW (180 hp) at 8000 / min made ​​. The Dino 206 GT was the first Ferrari that was sold with an electronic ignition ( Magneti Marelli Dinoplex C). There were 152 copies made ​​before the 206 was replaced by the 1969 GT Dino 246 GT.

Dino 246 GT / GTS ( 1969-1974 )

Dino 308 GT4 ( 1973-1980 )

Dino 208 GT4 ( 1975-1980 )

When Dino 208 GT4 it was a 1975 to 1980 mainly offered in Italy two-liter variant of the 308 GT4. The two-liter V8 ( Bore × Stroke 66.8 × 71 mm Displacement 1991 cc ) based on the three-liter design, but had a smaller bore and provided 125 kW ( 170 hp) at 7700/min. By 1980, about 800 copies of the 208 GT4 were produced.