The disaster movie, disaster movie also refers to a film genre in which an all-encompassing disaster is the background story. Scenarios are frequently used are earthquakes, floods, volcanic eruptions, meteorite threats, storms, plane crashes or shipwrecks, in the course of which must be a single person or a group show. The usually stereotyped staging of the addition monitored over heroes in the face of an overwhelming threat is criticized as " rigid and variationsarm ". Dominating are archaic orgies of destruction, the " be curbed restorative happy endings " mostly by. Exemplary representatives of the genre Airport ( 1970), The Poseidon Adventure (1972 ), The Towering Inferno (1974 ) Meteor (1979 ), Deep Impact ( 1997) and Armageddon (1998).
Historically, the film is rooted in the early disaster movie sensation films, such as the 1902 by Georges Méliès directed film eruption volcanique à la Martinique. The first classic disaster film, which follows the now familiar aesthetic, applies San Francisco ( USA, 1936). A first peak period had the disaster film in the 1950s, when the competition promoted to television spectacular film subjects. To this end, the genre added to the time spread in the horror and science fiction film threat scenarios. While in the early 1970s, the generation of the New Hollywood did address the disillusioned spirit of an insecure society, continued the traditional studio system among other disaster movies in this classic recipe for success with big budget and star cast, including Charlton Heston, Steve McQueen, George Kennedy, Ava Gardner, Paul Newman, Dean Martin. During this period numerous technically complex and in some cases advanced productions about the film Earthquake (1974 ) with the introduction of Sensurround - Tonverfahrens. Since the 1990s, digital film effects allow photo-intensive forms of explosions and destruction that led to a renaissance of the genre.