Station and Disentis Abbey
Disentis / Muster ( German Disentis Muster Romansh [ muʃte ː ] / i;? Since 1963 Disentis / Muster the official name ) is a municipality in the district Surselva the canton of Graubünden in Switzerland and the capital of the circle Cadi / Disentis.
Disentis is derived from Desertina ( wasteland ), the Romanesque Muster from the Latin monasterium (monastery).
The winter sports resort and spa is located in the Cadi in the upper part of the Surselva, at the confluence of the Rhine Medelser with the Anterior Rhine. The municipality consists of the villages Segnas, Mompé Medel and Cavardiras.
Beginning of the 8th century, built the monk Sigisbert from a Burgundian monastery a cell in the " Desertina ". The native Rätier Placidus helped him and was killed on the instructions of the sovereign. To 720/750 Bishop Ursicin built over the tombs of the saints Sigisbert and Placidus a monastery according to the rules of Saint Benedict. 940 the monastery was with his valuable works of art of the Saracens destroyed by fire ( Ceiling fresco in the monastery church). The returning after fleeing monks built the abbey again. Their main function was then from the " guardians of the Lukmanier pass " through which the German Emperor Otto I, Henry II, Emperor Frederick I ( Barbarossa ) and Sigismund traveled to their Italian kingdom parts. It was the rich monastery immediate state Cadi (Casa Dei - House of God ), which includes not only the area of Brigels to beyond the Oberalp Pass belonged, but at times also areas in Lombardy. The Disentis abbot was prince of the empire. The abbots were involved in the founding of the Grey League and the Canton of Grisons, making them though declining as their position of power. The convent was the cultural center of the Grisons.
End of the 17th century a new monastery and from 1696 to 1712, the monastery church of St. Martin was built in the baroque style with two towers, designed by Caspar Moosbrugger. 1799 French troops put the village of Disentis Monastery and church on fire, after the population had risen against the occupiers. End of the 19th century, the monastery was restored. Since 1880 the monastery leads a gymnasium with monks as teachers. By 2002, remained Disentis of Court of the Cadi, the upper part of the Grisons Oberland.
The Zai AG has its headquarters in Disentis / Muster since 2003.
On the grounds of the ruined castle Caschliun the doctor Augustin Condrau built in 1877 the hotel " Disentis yard ", the radon source S. Placidus used from 1909. Which is the first seaside tourism developed. The source is now no longer in operation. The old hotel was in 1967 replaced by a new building.
The surrounding area offers about 150 km of hiking trails and 30 km of trails for winter sports enthusiasts. The almost at 3,000 m above sea level. M. extensive ski area is operated under the name " Disentis 3000 " by the mountain railways Disentis AG.
When camping at the front Fontanivas Rhine a lake with a large children's playground has been created. There is also the opportunity to wash gold from the Rhine.
In Disentis, the road bifurcates from Chur to Lukmanierpass and the Oberalp Pass. In addition, here ends the Rhine front line of the Rhaetian Railway. You will continue to the west of the Matterhorn- Gotthard -Bahn. The station serves therefore also the need to change locomotives at the through Glacier Express - trains, as the route of the MGB is fitted over the Oberalp Pass with rack sections.
About the Lukmanierpass performs a post bus line. Since 2000, the road is also open in winter, but there is a bus you to the south in summer.
- The monastery Disentis monastery with the church of St. Martin, St. Mary's Church and the monastery museum ( sacred medieval art from the Grisons ) is the most important building in the town.
- Also worth seeing is the Chapel of St. Agatha, the Baroque St. Mary's Chapel in Acletta, St. Placiduskirche and the Baroque parish church of St. John the Baptist with its magnificent late Gothic Striegel - altar.
- A modern religious building is the Protestant community center Ouch Viva
- Cloister Salaplauna, 2010, architect Gion A. Caminada
- Boarding school for girls, 2004
- Chapel of St. Lucius, in Disla
- In the mineral museum Cristallina native mountain crystals are issued by special beauty.
- At the border of the neighboring municipality of Sumvitg lies the old Russ A Bridge.
Mentioned main church of St. John the Baptist in 1261 for the first time
View from the northeast Chapel of St Agatha