Dizi (Instrument)

Dizi, Chinese笛子, Pinyin Dizi; also笛di or横笛Hengdi, is a flute of traditional Chinese music. It takes place in many sectors, in the Chinese Opera, as well as in the orchestra or folk music.


On the Origin of dizi there are different theories. While it is partially accepted, the dizi is created on an express order of the Yellow Emperor down, others go from a culture import from during the Han Dynasty.

More recently, archaeologists have found evidence that simple flutes, ie those without the additional Mokong - hole, are used in China for over 8,000 years. Bone flutes from this period are still partly usable and resemble in a striking way their modern counterparts.


Usually dizis are made of bamboo, which is why they are sometimes referred to as "Chinese bamboo flute " in the West.

Unlike the simpler flutes dizi still has next to the blast and six finger holes through another hole Mokong. Or rice paper mounted as Mirliton, which produces a nasal buzzing sound when playing the dizi and thus gives a special tone; Above him is with a special adhesive or some spit to moisten a paper-thin, slightly wrinkled bamboo membrane (笛膜dimo ). Usually dizis have a range of two and a quarter octaves.

Common variants of the dizi are popular, especially in North China, bright lively bangdi (梆笛) and the southern -based rather more soulful and more Moody Qudi (曲笛). Both types are available in different pitches ( and sizes); professional flutists have them usually seven. For certain special effects such as the imitation of birdsong extremely small or large Dizis be used.

In addition to the dizi, there are other bamboo flutes, such as the xiao and Koudi.


Dizis are often played with various advanced techniques, such as circular breathing, harmonics, "flying finger " trills, polyphony, flutter and double tongue.

The instrument enjoys even today not least because of its relatively less involved method of preparation, ease of transportability and its wonderful sound great popularity.