Doc Cheatham

Adolphus "Doc" Cheatham (* June 13, 1905 Nashville, Tennessee, † June 2, 1997 Washington DC ) was an American jazz trumpeter.


Cheatham was a trumpeter about 75 years on the stages of the world, far more years than Miles Davis or Louis Armstrong. The latter was his role model. As early as 1923 he accompanied Bessie Smith at their concerts in Nashville. after moving to Chicago, he played mainly at Albert Wynn, but also in Erskine Tate, and on a recording session for Ma Rainey, but then on his Erstinstrument, the alto saxophone, which he finished in the late 20s out of reverence for Louis Armstrong against the trumpet eintauschte. Joe King Oliver gave him a shock absorber made ​​of copper and brass, which he used throughout his life.

Cheatham played trumpet in school and later studied medicine (hence his nickname later ), but also spent time working in local orchestras. In 1926 he went with John Williams on tour, then played with Albert Wynn in Chicago ( as a replacement for Louis Armstrong in the Vendome Theatre ) and Bobby Lee.

Further stations were 1927 Philadelphia Wilbur de Paris, 1927 New York at Chick Webb, 1928-30 European tour with Sam Wooding, then New York, at Marion Hardy's Alabamians and the McKinney 's Cotton Pickers. 1932-39 with Cab Calloway in 1939 in Teddy Wilson, Benny Carter from 1940 on, Teddy Hill, 1941, and Eddie Heywood 1944, with whom he accompanied Billie Holiday ( The Complete Commodore Recordings). He began a teaching career. From 1948 he played mainly in Latin bands like Machito, 1953-54 freelancer in Boston. From 1960 on, he again reinforced its commitment to jazz, on Africa tour with Herbie Mann, 1961 at recordings with Harold Shorty Baker and Sammy Price. After five years with his own band, he made his first recording in 1966 only under his own name. In the 1970s and 1980s, the aging solo trumpet a star on the international jazz festival was.

He gave many concerts in 1974 with Teddy Wilson, 1978/79 with Lionel Hampton in 1980 with Cab Calloway 's Reunion Band, 1981 with Roy Eldridge, Dickie Wells, Buck Clayton and Jay McShann. It also followed a few plates recordings with his own ensembles, for which he also sang. In 1988, he took with Idris Muhammad, Jimmy Woode and Kenny Drew Album Dear Doc ... on. The recording is characterized by its fine sense of humor in the selection of songs, and a charm of singing and the trumpet voice like Chet Baker in his last years of life. In September 1996, nor was an album for Verve with Nicholas Payton; Cheatham died in June 1997 after a gig at the Washington Blues Alley Club.

A grandson Cheatham is jazz trumpeter Theo Croker.

Disco Graphical Notes

  • Duets and Solos ( Sackville, 1979) with Sam Price
  • Tabulous Doc Cheatham ( Park Wood, 1983) with Dick Wellstood,
  • Swinging Down in New Orleans ( Jazzology, 1992)
  • Doc Cheatham and Nicholas Payton ( Verve, 1996)


  • Richard Cook & Brian Morton: The Penguin Guide to Jazz Recordings, 8th Edition, London, Penguin, 2006 ISBN 0-141-02327-9
  • American musician
  • Jazz trumpeter
  • Born 1905
  • Died in 1997
  • Man