Under the model designation Dodge Challenger, the U.S. automobile manufacturer Dodge sold in the years 1969-1974 and 1978-1983 two different sports coupe. In 2008, a new edition of the vehicle, which ( like the current Ford Mustang ) was designed in retro style appeared.
- 3.1 Specifications
Dodge Challenger (1969-1974)
Dodge Challenger R / T Coupe, 1970
The first Dodge Challenger was introduced in the 1970 model year and was one of the first Ford Mustang named after the type of vehicle the pony cars (long hood, short deck) compact sports coupes or convertibles.
The Challenger was largely identical to the Plymouth Barracuda third generation; the body was slightly modified and extended the wheelbase by 5 cm. The shoe was designed by Carl Cameron, who had already drawn the Dodge Charger from 1966. Although the Challenger was with 83 032 units sold in the first year of production a good reception in the market, but he appeared at a time when the decline of the pony cars was already emerging. After only five years, the Challenger was discontinued without replacement at the end of the model year 1974. A total of 188 611 Challenger the first generation were sold.
The Challenger was a special hardtop coupe with no B-pillar and in the years 1970 /71 as a convertible. The top model of the series was the Challenger R / T, the there was also available as a convertible only in 1970. The basic model as well as the R / T coupe could be ordered in a SE version with leather seats, vinyl roof and a smaller rear window. From the year 1972 accounted for R/T- variant, instead there was a rally version mentioned in the program. At the same time from this point, the most powerful engines and many performance extras were no longer available. Only in 1970 the Challenger T / A was available, a homologation model for the Trans-Am racing series, equipped with a special 5.6 -liter V8 ( 340 cui ), three double carburetors and a fiberglass hood with a large-sized air scoop. The pipes of the sport exhaust flowed laterally in front of the rear wheels ( side pipes ). Also standard were anti-roll bars front and rear, wider than the other tires on the front and rear axle ( Polyglass GT, G60 -15 rear, front E60 -15) and rear spoiler. Optionally, a front spoiler and a rear blind ( J68 - Window Louvers ) could be ordered. From model year 1972 accounted for all high performance engines; strongest engine was a 179 kW since then (243 hp) eight-cylinder, which was then also closed in early 1974.
The body remained unchanged over the entire duration of the Challenger, the grille has been modified twice. The models 1970/71 had a recessed grill, which in 1971 received a central web. As of 1972, the grill was on a level with the headlights. The models of the years 1972 to 1974 are to be distinguished on the basis of year to year increasing bumper horns. The rear lights ranging in model year 1970 on the entire width of the car. In 1971, the reversing lights left and right sides of license plate were arranged. From 1972, the Challenger had four individual tail lights glasses.
Engine variants and their technical specifications:
- 225: 3.7 l R6, 107 kW ( 145 hp ); 1970-72
- 318: 5.2 L LA V8, 169 kW ( 230 hp ); 1970-74
- 340: 5.6 L LA V8, 202-213 kW ( 275-290 hp); 1970-73
- 360: 5.9 l LA V8, 180 kW ( 245 hp ); 1974
- 383: 6.3 L B- V8, 213-246 kW ( 290-335 hp); 1970-71
- 440: 7.2 l RB V8, 276-287 kW ( 375-390 hp); 1970-71
- 426: 7.0 liter Hemi V8, 313 kW ( 426 hp ); 1970-77
Quarter mile times
List of best times achieved on the quarter mile from a standing start:
- 340: 14.8 seconds, top speed 155 km / h
- 340 T / A: 13.99 seconds, top speed 157 km / h
- 383: 15.1 seconds, top speed 150 km / h
- 440 Magnum R / T: 13.9 seconds, top speed 163 km / h
- 440 Six -Pack: 13.6 seconds, top speed 167 km / h
- 426 Hemi: 13.2 seconds, top speed 169 km / h
Dodge Challenger (1978-1983)
Mitsubishi Sapporo ( identical to the Dodge Challenger from 1978-1983)
One of Dodge imported into the United States version of the Mitsubishi Sapporo was named ' Challenger ': For model year 1978, the Challenger name was revived. This new Challenger as well as its sister model, the Plymouth Sapporo, were sold until 1983. This Challenger was also a hardtop coupe, but was powered by a four-cylinder engine, so it was in terms of performance not comparable with the previous model. For the demands of buyers of the 1980s, the coupe had good engine performance, especially with the optionally available 2.6 - liter four- cylinder engine. This Mitsubishi derived, unusually large-volume four-cylinder had to dampen the vibration balancer shafts.
Dodge Challenger (since 2008)
Dodge Challenger SRT8
On the North American International Auto Show 2006 Dodge Challenger style study of a retro design was to visit. It was based on the shortened Daimler Chrysler LX platform (as well as the Chrysler 300 and others) had a 6.1 -liter Hemi V8 engine with manual transmission and had many design quotes, reminiscences of the Challenger model from the year 1970. in July 2006, Dodge announced plans to build the car from 2008 series.
The production model was then presented on February 6, 2008 at the Chicago Auto Show for the first time to the public. The production of the Challenger was limited in model year 2008 to a figure of 6,400 pieces, the serial number of the copy is written on a plaque inside the vehicle. All the 2008 Challenger SRT8 are models with the 6.1 -liter Hemi V8 engine with 317 kW ( 431 hp) and a five-speed automatic ( W5A580 ) are equipped with Auto Stick.
The model was offered in 2008 exclusively in the colors silver, black and orange (the latter for an additional charge ). Standard features include 20 × 9.0 in the SRT8 models alloy wheels size. Since the model year 2009, V6 engines and manual transmissions are available. The drag coefficient is 0.353, the weight distribution is 55.6 / 44.4 ( rear / front ), the turning circle is 11.48 m. The Challenger in Brampton Canadian work is Made (Ontario).
Since the beginning of 2013, the Challenger SRT8 392 is available with a 6.4 - liter Hemi V8 with 346 kW ( 470 hp).
In the first quarter of 2012, the limited special edition Yellow Jacket appeared. It has a 6.4 - liter Hemi V8 with 350 kW (476 hp ) and was painted entirely in the color Stinger Yellow. Striking is the black side stripes with the Yellow Jacket logo on the fender and the dark 9 × 20 inch rims. The interior has been upgraded with leather and yellow trim on the rear seats a bit. Technically, there was only one new feature: an adaptive suspension ADS, which allows the driver to change with a push of a button, the damper settings sporty and automatically.
In February 2008, the model with the serial number 43, which was painted as a single piece in color B5 Blue was sold at an eBay auction for 228,143.43 U.S. dollars. All the proceeds was the Victory Junction Gang - a charity for chronically ill children - donated.