Domenico Cardinal Bartolucci ( born May 7, 1917 in Borgo San Lorenzo, Florence, Italy, † November 11, 2013 in Rome ) was a Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church, a church musician and composer. He was director of the choir of the Sistine Chapel and thus primarily responsible for the music of the papal liturgy.
Domenico Bartolucci was born the son of a brick factory worker. He entered the seminary of the Archdiocese of Florence, where he was recruited as a cantor. At the age of 14, he was already composing motets, madrigals, oratorios and cantatas; During this time he was also active as an organist at the Cathedral of Florence. On December 23, 1939, he received the Sacrament of Holy Orders by Cardinal Elia Dalla Costa. After the death of his master, Francesco Bagnoli, Bartolucci resigned as director of the choir of the Cathedral of Florence in the succession. During these years he began to compose motets, organ music, madrigals and chamber music. 1942 Bartolucci was sent to Rome to deepen his knowledge of church music. In 1947, he was also a priest in the Diocese Montefloscoli in Florence.
After Domenico Bartolucci was deputy director of the choir of the basilica of San Giovanni in Laterano, he entered in 1947 the successor Licinio Refices as head of the choir of the basilica of Santa Maria Maggiore. In 1952 he was appointed on the advice Maestro Lorenzo perosis appointed deputy head of the choir of the Sistine Chapel. Perosi was still on 12 March 1955 to conduct the sixteenth anniversary of the coronation of the Pope, the choir of the Sistine Chapel, but he died on 12 October 1956. After his death, Pope Pius XII. Domenico Bartolucci the director of the choir of the Sistine Chapel ( Cappella Musicale Pontificia Direttore Perpetuo della ). Bartolucci prompted a fundamental reorganization of the centuries-old institution, which he significantly improved the musical education of the Boys' Choir; in all this he had the support of Pope John XXIII. The Cappella Musicale Pontificia Sistina could lay their poor musical quality since the time he took office and be significantly enhanced. On January 21, 1965 Paul VI gave him. the title Prelate of His Holiness house. In 1997, despite its title as a " perpetual director ," the octogenarian Giuseppe Liberto as choirmaster of the Sistine Chapel, which did not enjoy unanimous consent.
On 25 October 2010, he shared with the brother of the Pope, Monsignor Georg Ratzinger, and the Austrian Musicians Board of the Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra Clemens Hellberg the honorary prize of the Fondazione Pro Musica e Arte Sacra Foundation.
On November 20, 2010, Pope Benedict XVI. the 93 -year-old Bartolucci on a cardinal deacon with the title Diakonia Nomi di Gesù e Maria Santissimi in Via Lata in the College of Cardinals. His cardinal crest bore the motto " Deo Psallam Meo ", in German "I will sing to my Lord " (Ps 145.2 EU).
Cardinal Bartolucci was one of those priests who still celebrated even after the liturgical reform of Vatican 2, the Mass at the Tridentine rite as he pontificum in an interview concerning the Motu Proprio Summorum Pope Benedict XVI. mentioned. The newly appointed cardinal celebrated on 8 December 2010, the Holy Mass in the extraordinary form of the Roman rite in the church of the Santissima Trinità dei Pellegrini in Rome.
Even he conducted on 23 January 2011, the Capella Sistina at the end of a ceremony in the Roman Almo Collegio Capranica. Under his leadership, rang 15 May 2011 Palestrina's Missa Papae Marcelli in a celebrated by Walter Cardinal Brandmüller Mass in the extraordinary form of the Roman rite at the Altar of the Chair in St. Peter's Basilica.
On 31 August 2011, he organized a concert for Pope Benedict XVI. in Castel Gandolfo, in which, inter alia, and the Ave Maria for his lyric opera in three acts "Il Brunellesco " came to the performance. On this occasion, Cardinal Bartolucci composed the piece " Benedictus ", a Pope Benedict XVI. in gratitude dedicated to prayer. Benedict XVI. paid tribute to the Cardinal then in a speech: "The Master Cardinal Bartolucci needs no introduction. I would only point out three aspects of his life that made him - characterize in a unique way - in addition to his proud Florentine spirit. These are: the faith, the priesthood and the music. The music ... is the preferred language for you to tell the faith of the Church and to the one who hears your works to help you on the journey of faith. You have exercised also by the music your priestly ministry. "
On September 28, 2011 Cardinal Domenico Bartolucci seized from his Roman titular church of Santi di Nomi Gesu e Maria in Via Lata solemn possession.
On September 20, 2012, he was in the Basilica of St. Paul Outside the Walls in Rome a concert in honor of Pope Benedict XVI. , In which his famous Stabat Mater was performed.
At the conclave in 2013 he took over as 80 -year-old cardinal no longer participate, but to the general congregations in Vorkonklave. He died 96 years old in Rome.
- "Music is the soul of the word, that is art. They disposed to discover the beauty of God and welcome. For this reason, the Church must learn more than ever to regain the beauty of music. "
- "Today it is fashionable to sing in churches pop -inspired songs and strumming guitar; blame the pseudo - intellectuals who have the liturgy and the music so disfigured, the great heritage of the past are contemptuous. If the art of music does not return to its previous size without conforming as incidental product, one need not to ask the question of their role in the Church. I am against guitars, but I'm also against the superficiality of the Cecilian movement, which is more or less the same. Our motto must be: let us return to Gregorian chant and polyphony in the tradition of Palestrina, let us continue on this path. "
- " Benedict XVI. has a preference for Gregorian chant and polyphony and will introduce the use of the Latin language again. He understands that without the Latin repertoire of the past would be destined to disappear in the archive. It is necessary to return to a liturgy that gives the music room, the taste for the beautiful and the true sacred art. "
The musical work of Cardinal Domenico Bartolucci was published in 49 volumes by Edizioni Cappella Sistina.
- Primo libro dei Mottetti ( Antifone Mariane ), 30 Mottetti a 4 voci e Litanie Lauretane
- Secondo libro dei Mottetti, 25 canti a 1-2-3-4 uguali voci con organo
- Terzo libro dei Mottetti, 44 Mottetti a 4 voci
- Quarto libro dei Mottetti, 35 Mottetti a 5-6-7-8 voci
- Quinto libro dei Mottetti, 24 Mottetti a 4-5-6 voci e organo
- Sesto libro dei Mottetti, 20 Mottetti a 4-5-6-7-8 voci a cappella o con organo
- Cantica varia, 7 composizioni a 4-5-6 voci a cappella o con organo
- Sacrae Cantiones, 46 Mottetti a più voci
- Hymns, 36 inni a 3-4-5-6 voci per l' anno liturgico
- Magnificat, 4 Cantici a 2-3-4 voci a organo e 8 Cantici a 5 voci a cappella sugli 8 modes modali
- Christmas, 26 composizioni a 1-2-3-4-5-6 voci
- Holy Week, fairs, Mottetti and Responsorien a 4-5 voci
Laudi and madrigals
- Laudi Mariani, 24 laudi a 3-4-7 voci
- Primo libro dei Madrigali, 18 madrigali a 3-4-5-6 voci
- Secondo libro dei Madrigali, 13 madrigali a 3-4 voci e pianoforte
- Miserere, by baritono solo, coro a 6 voci e orchestra; riduzione per canto e pianoforte
- Fair ( alternate al canto Gregorian ) 8 messe a 4-5 voci
- Primo libro delle Messe, 5 messe a 1-2-3-4 voci
- Secondo libro delle Messe, 5 messe a 2-3-4 voci
- Terzo libro delle Messe, 6 fair a 3-4 voci
- Quarto libro delle Messe ( Dominicis infra annum), 5 messe a 3 voci
- Messa Jubilaei, per coro a 4 voci, organo e piccola orchestra (composed of the Holy Year 1950)
- Messa Assumptionis, a 6 voci con orchestra
- Messa in onore di S. Cecilia, by soprano, coro a 4 voci, organo e piccola orchestra
- Messa per Defunctis, per soli, coro e orchestra a 8 voci; riduzione per canto e pianoforte
- Messa de Angelis, per soli, coro a 4 voci e orchestra
Operas and oratorios
- Brunellesco, lyric opera in three acts, for chorus and orchestra
- Baptisma, poemetto sacro, choir a 3 voci di soprani contralto and orchestra
- La Natività, oratorio for solo, 8- voice choir and orchestra
- La Passione, Oratorio for Solo, 6- part chorus and orchestra
- La tempesta sul lago, oratorio for solo, 4 -7- part choir and orchestra
- Gloriosi Principes, Oratorio for Solo, 6- part chorus and orchestra
- Trittico Mariano, for organ
- Organo, compositions for organ and for harpsichord
- Sinfonia rustica ( Mugellana )
- Concerto in mi, for piano and orchestra
- Romanza, con variazioni, for solo violin
- Sonata in sol, for violin and piano
- Trio in la, for Violin, Violoncello e Pianoforte
- Benedictus (in honor of Pope Benedict XVI. ), For soprano, three voice choir and orchestra