Dora Bakogianni (Greek Ντόρα Μπακογιάννη, born Theodora Mitsotaki; born May 6, 1954 in Athens ) is a Greek politician. She was a member of the conservative party New Democracy (ND) party after their exclusion from the May 6, 2010 Independent Member of the Greek Parliament and chairman of the party founded by her Democratic Alliance.
Dora Bakogianni is the eldest daughter of the former Greek Prime Minister Konstantinos Mitsotakis. After she graduated from the German School of Athens, she studied law in Athens and political science and communication studies at the Ludwig- Maximilians- University of Munich. While studying in Munich she met Pavlos Bakogiannis, her first husband to know. He had worked there during the military dictatorship in Greece as a journalist at Deutsche Welle against the military junta under Georgios Papadopoulos. After his marriage he was a Member of Parliament of New Democracy and advisers of his father. On September 26, 1989 he was murdered by terrorists of the underground organization " November 17 ". His second wife Dora Bakogianni is married to a Greek businessman Isidore Kouvelos, from her marriage to Pavlos Bakogiannis come two children.
On 13 December 2002 Dora Bakogianni survived an assassination slightly injured. A mentally ill man who shot her while she was traveling in a car in Athens.
Prior to her political career Dora Bakogianni was - after returning from the common exile during the dictatorship - office manager of her father. Her political career began after the assassination of her husband, when she took over his parliamentary seat. After the electoral victory of the New Democracy 1990 she was Minister of Education until 1993 in the Cabinet of her father.
She was from 2002 to 2006, the Mayor of the Greek capital Athens and the first woman to hold this office. Became internationally known through the Dora Bakogianni during their tenure in Athens conducted Summer Olympic Games in 2004.
She is considered one of the most popular politicians in the country, critics keep her but before that their rise is also based on their family relationships - a very typical for Greek politics phenomenon.
From 15 February 2006 until the swearing in of the new government under George Papandreou, on 7 October 2009 she was Minister for Foreign Affairs of Greece in the governments of Prime Minister Kostas Karamanlis, in turn, became the first woman in this office.
After Karamanlis resigned after the heavy defeat of New Democracy in the 2009 parliamentary elections as a party leader, Dora Bakogianni candidate for the party presidency. However, for the direct election by the party base on 29 October 2009 she succumbed after a bitter election campaign Antonis Samaras.
When they agreed on 6 May 2010 with the ruling PASOK for the austerity package the government, Samaras shut them out from the Group of the New Democracy ( ND) and from the party.
On July 11, 2010 Dora Bakogianni founded the Forum for Greece. The Forum is a non-profit organization. Purpose of the forum is to solve the problems that hinder the development of Greece, the protection of important principles, such as democracy, equality and social justice, promote the participation of all citizens in social and political life, the development of new ideas and strategies in the sense of the fruitful cooperation with civil society.
A few months later, on November 21, 2010, Dora Bakogianni founded her new party, the Democratic Alliance. The party could be expected in early 2012 with the support of five deputies to the Greek Parliament, which were also excluded from the ND. In the early parliamentary elections of 6 May 2012 Your Party missed with 2.55 per cent of the re-entry to the Greek Parliament. In the election on 17 June 2012, the Democratic Alliance (DA) did not present himself, but supported the New Democracy. Bakogianni was - in addition to other members of the DA - installed and selected as a candidate on the list of New Democracy.
In March 1992, Dora Bakogianni was awarded by the International Women's Center of " International Leadership Award." In June 1993, she was honored by the 14th International Symposium " Fontana di Roma " as a prominent figure in the cultural field.
In 2003 she participated at the invitation of the then President of the European Commission Romano Prodi, together with twelve other prominent figures in Europe at a round table to discuss questions about the social character, cultural identity and the financial plan in Europe. In December 2005, Dora Bakogianni was chosen as part of the annual call of the international organization " City Mayors " to the first "World Mayor ". She received the most positive comments than 550 mayors from around the world.
In 2008, Dora Bakogianni in Innsbruck the price " Maximilian Award - European Award for Regional Policy and Local Government " award. 2006, 2007 and 2008, included as one of the 100 most powerful women in the world, the magazine " Forbes " Dora Bakogianni. 2009 was awarded Dora Bakogianni the first foreign partner of the Académie des sciences morales et politiques. Two days earlier, she was awarded in Salzburg and the Honorary Senator of the European Academy of Sciences and Arts.
In 2010, Dora Bakogianni honored as Knight of the National Order of the Legion of Honour ( Ordre National de Chevalier de la Legion d' Honneur ).