65 639 ( March 31, 2013 )
Drammen is a town and commune in the province (county ) Buskerud in Norway. It is located 41 km southwest of Oslo, at the mouth of the salmon-rich Drammenselva in the Drammensfjorden, a branch of the Oslo Fjord. The municipality is bordered on the northeast by the municipality Lier, on the southeast by Svelvik, on the south sands and to the west courtyard and Nedre Eiker. Drammen is part of Metropopolregion to Oslo, one of the fastest growing areas in Norway. With 65 639 inhabitants (as of March 31, 2013 ) Drammen is the sixth largest city in Norway.
The city is an industrial center with wood processing, metallurgical, shipbuilding and salmon fishing. The port serves mainly the import of motor vehicles. In the area of Drammen zinc, nickel and cobalt are mined.
Coat of arms
The coat of arms shows a silver pillar, in front of a silver sword and a key form the shape of a St. Andrew's Cross, the key bit turned to the far right in blue. In the sign silver balls are shown.
The area has been inhabited for about 6,000 years. Of this place rock drawings from this period bear witness. Only in the 14th century a permanent settlement took place. The base for this port, which was suitable for the export of wood. In this time on the banks of the Drammen two settlements on the south side Strømsø and on the north side Bragernes. Both places were merged in 1811 to the city of Drammen. In Bragernes 1778-1779 there was the residence of the Danish governor Frederik Gyldenløve and his wife, the German Countess Augusta von Altenburg. The residence seat, Mechlenburg Palace, fell in 1866 during the great city fire victim to the flames. In total, by the fire in Bragernes district 388 houses, including the Bragernes Church, destroyed. In a directory of 1840 15 brandy factories, 17 breweries and 9 tobacco factories in Drammen are registered. Of this there is still the Aass, founded in 1840 Bryggeri, the oldest brewery in Norway. Brews according to the German Purity Law of 1516.
Worth seeing are the 200 meter high lookout mountain spirals, with a blown-up in the form of a corkscrew in the Tunnel of 1650 meters in length, the district museum, the theater of 1870 as well as the town hall and the church, both from 1871.
Sporty flagship of the city is the handball club Drammen HK, who won the Norwegian Championship and the first Norwegian team one European Cup in 1997 and 2007. The club plays its home games from the Drammenshallen.
The most successful football club of the city, Strømsgodset IF, playing with his first team in Tippeligaen, the top division of the country.
Since 2003 regular sprint race of the cross country skiing World Cup will be held in Drammen. The Gjerpenkollen consists of several jumps. The events are popular gatherings and attract 20,000-40,000 spectators.
A few kilometers from Drammen, in Tranby Lier i, is operated by the NMK Drammen Rallycross track Lyngas Motorbane, each year up to 20,000 spectators Norway's championship round of the FIA European Rallycross took place on the 1980-2004.
Sons and daughters of the town
- Alf Andersen, Norwegian ski jumper
- Conrad Baden, Norwegian composer and organist
- Dag Bjørndalen Norwegian biathlete
- Norwegian biathlete Ole Einar Bjørndalen and Olympic champion
- Knut Frydenlund, Norwegian diplomat and politician
- Per Arne Glorvigen, Norwegian Bandoneonist
- Finn Gustavsen, Norwegian politician
- Johan Halvorsen, Norwegian composer and conductor
- Trond Iversen, Norwegian cross-country skiers
- Johann Olav Koss, Norwegian speed skater
- Barbra Ring, Norwegian writer and literary critic
- Glenn Solberg, Norwegian handball player