Driver's education

Driving School is a term for a predominantly private-sector school to acquire the necessary knowledge and skills for driving a motor vehicle.

Consisting mostly own Driving Schools For service licenses during military training, as in the army. In Switzerland, the military driving authorization is coupled to the civilian driver's license.

Those wishing to operate in Germany, a driving school, driving school permit required by the instructor Act ( FahrlG ). Who learner forms ( driving instructor ), the driving teaching license required by the instructor Act ( FahrlG ).

In many European countries, learning trips can be done on a private basis. Who gives commercial driving lessons, driving instructor there needed to pass.

To Austria see also L17 - training.

Driving Schools in Germany


The term existed in Germany already in connection with the training of coachmen. Thus was founded in 1894 in Elmshorn, a riding and driving school.

The first German driving school was founded by Rudolf Kempf as the "auto- arm school" of Kempf'schen private pilot in Aschaffenburg. Their first course started on November 7, 1904. Participants were men aged 17 years who were able to provide an official customs testimony. The first course took 36 technically gifted men - locksmith, mechanic, automobile dealers - some from different nations. The at that time not yet prescribed training should aspiring drivers prepare for their profession and teach the self- driving in separate courses vehicle owners.

Kempf's Driving School was welcomed and supported by the automobile manufacturers. They promised from a good driver education a greater buyer interest in automobiles. On November 17, 1906 Kempf was however withdrawn permission for driver training because of immoral behavior.

Already with the regulation, relating to the training of motor vehicle drivers of 3 February 1910, an officially authorized person required for training. Until that time, everyone was able to conduct training, if he had knowledge of driving.

With the Order of 1 March 1921, the permission for the formation of the upper administrative authority was redefined. From now on, you spoke of driving instructor and driving school. For the first time a certain minimum was subject to the requirements of a driving instructor. Even the owner of an automotive factory or car action could be registered as a driving instructor.

The driving instructor training was transferred to the driving instructor training centers known as the driving instructor Act ( FahrlG ) of 25 August 1969. Driving instructors were from this time a regulated training.

Since 2011 it is possible in Germany, rather than the age of 17 to go with 18 car ( accompanied driving ). For the learner in the driver licensing authority must send a request to " accompanied driving "; this is possible at the earliest with 16.5 years.

Driving instructor training ( Germany )

See main article: driving instructor

Driving instructors are under the uniform federal law on the driving instructor sector ( driving instructor Act) and its regulations nationally recognized teachers. They make their students, the majority of people who want to acquire a license to drive motor vehicles ( learner ) in accordance with the requirements of the learner - training regulation in theory and practice.

Anyone wishing to teach or train learner drivers, you must state the official certification, as identified by the driving teaching license / driving instructor certificate. This is in Germany on the basis of the driving instructor Act ( FahrlG ) issued by the competent traffic authority at the request, unless the applicant the general conditions and, in particular, can show the completed audits of state- regulated education and training. The detection of a teaching license as a state-approved driving instructor is made with the driving instructor certificate, which must be kept within the practical training of driving instructors.

Learner training ( Germany )

Driver training for driving a vehicle is made up of two parts. The theory and practice for an exam must be taken in each case in order to obtain a driving license. For each license twelve two-hour sessions must be attended in which general knowledge is taught around driving on the road. Although there are different hours, theoretically could be a learner but twelve times going at the same theory lesson and would have completed his general part of it. Added to this is a different number of additional hours during which special knowledge is transmitted to a specific class. ( For example, 2 Class B, Class A, for example, 4). Were those hours attended proven, get the learner from the driving school a training certificate handed out. So he can use to subscribe to the theory test. In the examination, basic and specific questions are asked. There are for the B class, for example, in the primary market 20 basic and 10 special issues on 10 possible points of failure, among which only a question may be answered incorrectly, which brings five points of failure. As an extension of an already acquired class, there are only 10 questions each, but only 6 possible points of failure. After the test, the learner receives a signed proof of the existence or non- existence, including failure points by Categories handed sort, which he must hand in his driving school.

The practical part consists of a different number of " lessons " and the duty hours. The number of " lessons " varies depending on the skill of the student. Only when the driving instructor is of the opinion that the learner is ready for duty hours, he can start with these. In the primary market is 12 duty hours that are composed of Nacht-/Beleuchtungs-, highway and cross-country trips. If these are completed and the learner skills sufficient for the practice examination, he is registered at the request of his driving school for the practice exam. This consists of a small theoretical part, be queried in the short things to the class (eg, " When will the warning lights turned on? " For Class B or "Please make a lights check! " For class A) and the actual driving together. The practice exam takes about 45 minutes. Then get the learner, provided that he has passed the driver's license or a driving license be issued directly.


From 1987 to 2002, in the Federal Republic of Germany 44 642 driving licenses issued teaching (Source: KBA ). There are currently about 17,000 Driving Schools in Germany. Furthermore, the competent authority ( STVA ) a non-public statistics.

According to the requirements of customers, especially of transport companies which have their driver train specifically, there are quite a few driving schools that can undergo through voluntary quality management system of regular external audit processes, customer orientation and the organization and certified according to DIN EN ISO 9000 are.

Driving Schools in Switzerland

In Switzerland, everyone is entitled to more than 23 -year-old, who has at least three years the card in the same category, the learner (ie, the owner of the " learning ticket " ) to join in the training, provided this is not done for commercial purposes. Almost always, but teaching is completed by a driving instructor in parallel.