24.95563888888954.909444444444Koordinaten: 24 ° 57 ' 20 " N, 54 ° 54' 34" E
Dubai Waterfront is the name of a huge construction project in the Emirate of Dubai in the United Arab Emirates. It is 30-38 km southwest of the city of Dubai can be realized on the coast and border to Abu Dhabi under the project leadership of Nakheel and was presented by Sheikh Muhammad.
Planning idea, master plan
When completed before mid -2020s Dubai Waterfront would be the longest man-made development bank of earth. The project is an accumulation of gezirkelten construction areas traversed by canals, inner water areas and six medium-sized artificial islands jutting into the sea, park and house the next luxury hotels, residential buildings and villas also local shopping facilities, marine transportation facilities.
The master plan for the extremely compact heart of the planned city of just 1.7 square kilometers " Waterfront City ", comes from the " Office for Metropolitan Architecture " (OMA ) of the Dutchman Rem Koolhaas.
The new district of Dubai Waterfront is according to the latest information (as of mid 2008) after its completion have a population between 1.2 and 1.5 million people and are divided into 10 relatively autonomous districts. The area would be greater than Cologne ( 405.15 km ²) and almost half the size of Berlin (about 890 km ²) with a total area of 440 km ². The connection to Dubai City is to be prepared with an extension of trains running since September 2009 Dubai Metro; planned is also a fast connection to the under construction about 25 km from the airport Dubai World Central International.
The central theme of this planned city, especially the high rise tipped Waterfront City is intelligent density. Koolhaas and others have studied the economic design of traditional Arab cities, and believe that the loosened, space -eating design western town landscapes of the 19th and 20th century into an ecological trap: the current per capita expenditure for public land is given the unbridled urbanization in the 21st century no longer hold. Therefore, it makes sense, the necessary new density ( not narrow ) to intelligently organize from the outset: height, density and narrowness of the buildings is the new postulate; the Persian Gulf, it is to be realized. Project leader Nakheel extols the planned city due to the intended extensive sustainability principles as " Ecopolis ". Thus, it is believed also to be able to attract those growing number of investors and companies that make up the requirements for ecological management (Kyoto Protocol ) as its own.
Whether the target set of the density outside the center is really achieved is debatable. Taken as a whole city reached Dubai Waterfront only a density of 3,409 inhabitants. / Km ², which corresponds to those of suburban communities in Germany. Seal built towns and neighborhoods in the western world such as Paris, Manhattan or Prenzlauer Berg reach (excluding suburbs) quickly densities of 20,000 inhabitants. / Km ² and more.
As the center of this large community, the almost square -cut downtown to be created with some very tall skyscrapers. The central artificial island will get a high and dense development with approximately 7 million square meters of gross floor area, room enough for about 310,000 jobs. Here the southern tip (downtown ) Manhattan is emulated, hence only 92,000 people are in this " modern day metropolis " live. The draft provides for a screening of the island in just a 5x5 square city blocks, the connection to the mainland is produced by four bridges.
South of the area expiring Dubai Waterfront development already under construction Arabian Canal is introduced into the still open countryside to in a southern loop through the upgraded as building land desert 75 km a little further to the east at the Dubai Marina back in the sea to lead.
This imaginary new, supposedly improved Downtown Manhattan gets by Koolhaas and his colleagues Reinier de Graaf additional " people-friendly " features: short routes and banishment of private, shady list of high-rise buildings mainly in the south, arcades to the building feet, trees, sun shade over and shadow-casting objects in the road space. The approximately 140 square kilometers surrounding the construction area of the City core mainland buildings will form four functionally oriented districts: Boulevard, Madinat Al Soor, The Resort, The Marine.
Goal of all water construction projects in Dubai including Arabian Canal is to extend the 80 km long natural coast of the emirate of Dubai many times to obtain many of the popular and easy to sell waterfront properties so as possible. It is calculated in Dubai with a total of over 1000 km of new artificial coastline and further 400 km of newly emerging shoreline on the Arabian Canal. As a by-product arising from the varied branched and interconnected navigable water areas provide additional transport routes that are critical to relieve become Dubai's roads.
Construction progress, world economic crisis
Status of construction in the fall of 2008: The east upstream Palm Jebel Ali is about to start the construction works, the about 2 times 10 km wide coastal strip from the port of Jebel Ali to the southwest is developed. These currently the Dubai Marina is a nearly 6 km long domestic channel, much excavated. He should help the planned districts " Canal District " and " Veneto " to wide variety of delicious prospects and increased recreational value once. For the construction of the upstream six artificial islands has begun preparations.
Due to the financial crisis, the preparatory work was stopped for the most part the beginning of 2009, in particular the elaborate Inselaufschüttungen rest. In contrast, in the summer of 2009, the house construction in the first sections of the onshore quarters " Veneto " and " Badrah " to be built as planned.
Other artificial islands in Dubai
- Jumeirah Islands ( domestic)
- Palm Jebel Ali
- The Universe ( this project is presently not pursued )
- The World