Ducati Motor Holding SpA is an Italian motorcycle manufacturer located in Bologna Borgo Panigale district and corporate subsidiary of Audi AG.
- 3.1 World Motorcycle Championship 3.1.1 Drivers' title
- 3.2.1 Drivers' title
- 5.1 four-stroke engines with vertical shaft for the camshaft drive
- 5.2 four-stroke engines with chain drive for the camshafts
- 5.3 four-stroke engines with camshaft drive via toothed belt 5.3.1 Ducati Pantah
- 5.3.2 Ducati Paso
- 5.3.3 Ducati Racing
- 5.3.4 Ducati Superbike
- 5.3.5 Ducati Monster
- 5.3.6 Ducati Supersport
- 5.3.7 Ducati Sport Touring
- 5.3.8 Ducati Multistrada
- 5.3.9 Ducati Hypermotard
- 5.3.10 Ducati Sport Classic
- 5.3.11 Ducati Streetfighter
- Ducati Diavel 5.3.12
- 5.4.1 Ducati Racing
- 5.4.2 Ducati Superbike
- 8.1 External links
The company was founded in 1926 by Antonio Ducati in Bologna. The Società Scientifica Radiobrevetti Ducati initially produced components for radios. Ducati had three sons Bruno, Adriano and Marcello, who helped her father in the company.
After the end of World War II came in 1946 added the manufacturing of auxiliary bicycle engine Cucciolo. This was already without the participation of the Ducati family instead under state administration. In the same decade began its own development of complete vehicles.
In 1953, the companies in the Ducati Elettronica SpA was and the motorcycle manufacturer Ducati Meccanica SpA divided. The following year, Fabio Taglioni stepped down as chief engineer in its services.
From 1983 Ducati cooperated due to continued poor business performance with the Italian two-wheeler manufacturer Cagiva, Ducati completely took over in 1985. The following year, the longtime chief engineer Fabio Taglioni retired. Massimo Bordi rose to his successor and introduced to the Paso and the 851 groundbreaking designs for the brand.
Cagiva was itself insolvent in 1996 and sold 51 percent of Ducati to the American Texas Pacific Group, the brand completely took over in 1998. In 2005, the Italian Industrial Invest Company acquired the shares of the Texas Pacific Group.
Design, construction and production of the models up today in Bologna.
On April 18, 2012 gave Audi and the previous owner Invest Industrial in a press release announced that Audi AG 100 % of the shares in Ducati Motor Holding SpA will take over. Audi announced further that Ducati will be after release integrated by the antitrust authorities in the Audi Group and thus also in the Volkswagen Group.
After the auxiliary engines in 1955 introduced the Gran Sport was the first Ducati motorcycle, whose four-stroke engine was equipped with an overhead camshaft with vertical shaft drive.
The four-cylinder prototype Apollo 1963 was the first time a 90 ° V engine with lying and standing in the same direction cylinders as for Ducati engines later became typical and how it is used in the current MotoGP bikes.
The name Ducati is inextricably linked with the term desmodromic, a positively controlled valve train that is currently being used by any other manufacturer. The Desmodromic has been developed since the mid- 50s for use in racing machines, the Ducati Mark 3 D in 1969 was the first production motorcycle in the world with this technology.
With the Ducati 750 GT began in 1970, the era of V- twin-cylinder with 90 ° cylinder angle, Ducati itself, named because of the forward-slanting cylinder, "L- Twin".
In 1974, the production of the single cylinder models was set with which Ducati had been successful both in road racing and off road racing. The 1977 Ducati Pantah presented led a detachment of the King waves to the camshaft drive by toothed belt.
The fully clad Ducati Paso was the first model with a reversed arrangement of the intake and exhaust ports of the upright cylinder 1986. The placement of both carburetors between the cylinders the first time allowed a central airbox.
1987 was laid with the Ducati 851, the foundation stone for the model series of superbikes with water-cooled engines, four valves per cylinder and electronic fuel injection. A two-cylinder with the performance of the 851 was until then unimaginable. Ducati dominated with her soon Superbike racing class. The Ducati 916, which set new standards in motorcycle design in 1994, continued this successful series.
As of 1993, the Ducati Monster was a success and its increasing quantities had to move up the brand in the circle of well-known European motorcycle manufacturers.
Based on the first V -2-L -twin Pantah, several enhancements have been made to enable higher performance and compliance with stringent emission standards over the years:
- Desmodue: Two - valve engine with Desmodromic, air cooled, 40 ° valve angle Models: 600 SS and M, 750 and 900 SS / M, 800SS, Multistrada 620, Monster 620 695 696 803 992
- Desmodue DS: new design with dual ignition ( Double Spark - DS ), new valvetrain and crankshaft now fully balanced. Models: 1000DS, Multistrada 1000, 1000S, Monster S2R 1000 and 1100, Sport Classic GT 1000, Sport 1000, 1000S, Hypermotard 1100 1100S
- Desmotre Double Spark: three- valve engine with water cooling, mechanics of DS - Model: ST3
- Desmoquattro Testastretta: four- valve engine with water cooling, 25 ° valve angle Models: 999, 749, Monster S4R, S4RS
- Testastretta Evoluzione: Same design, with enhanced capacity and performance Models: 848, 1098, 1198 / S
Ducati is involved with his racing division Ducati Corse for decades active in motorcycle racing. The main pillar of the current commitment is the Ducati MotoGP Team in the MotoGP class of the Motorcycle World Championship. Meanwhile entertained Ducati also a factory team in the Superbike World Championship.
General Director of Ducati Corse since 2003, the Italian Filippo Preziosi.
After Ducati had in 1958 and 1959 participated in the motorcycle world championship in the 125cc class and even made in 1958 with Alberto Gandossi the Vice World Champion, one rose to the 2003 season at the factory in the MotoGP class of the Motorcycle World Championship. In the first year Loris Capirossi managed the debut victory in Catalonia. After continuous increase in the following years the Australian Casey Stoner managed to 2007, the first drivers' championship title.
- Australia Casey Stoner: 2007
Superbike World Championship
In the Superbike World Championship could celebrate 14 drivers 'and 15 constructors' championships since the opening of the series in 1988. In some years, the Ducati were so dominant that they could occupy the first four positions in the overall standings. At season's end of 2010 Ducati finished his direct activities.
- France Raymond Roche: 1990
- United States Doug Polen: 1991, 1992
- Australia Troy Corser: 1996
- Australia Troy Bayliss: 2001, 2006, 2008
- Spain Carlos Checa: 2011
Rarely is like a Ducati the other. Almost all Ducatis are embellished by their owners more or less and rebuilt (especially the clutch cover and exhaust systems). The fans of the brand are often very involved and the owners of Ducati machines have been around the world including the so-called DOC (Ducati Owners Clubs) together. These clubs organize meetings, trips and round tables. Some operate their own websites. On the Ducati website contact addresses are listed for those interested.
Ducati Mach I 250 cc (1970 )
Ducati Elite Sport
Ducati Desmo 900 Super Sport
Ducati Sport 620 i.e.
Ducati 748 with attachments from carbon
Ducati 999s (2004)
Ducati ST3S ABS (2006)
Ducati SPORT1000 (2006)
Ducati SPORT1000 (2006)
Ducati PaulSmart1000LE (2006)
Ducati Hypermotard ( the 2006 pre-production model )
Ducati S2R1000 (2006)
Ducati Monster S2R (2006)
Ducati Monster M696 (2008) NEW
Ducati 350 cc
Ducati 916 (1995)
The classification is based on the operation of the camshafts on vertical shafts, timing chain, timing belt or gears in the order of time employed:
Four stroke engines with vertical shaft for the camshaft drive
The Ducati Gran Sport marked in 1955 with their 100 -, 125 - and 175 - cc four-stroke engine to enter the single-cylinder vertical-shaft era, ending only in 1974 with the expiration of the 450.
1970 will be presented with the 750 GT for the first time a Ducati V- engine, which was a well performance versus the Japanese competition. 1976 ushers in the 900 SD, the time of successful sports models a.
- Ducati 1000 MHR (Mike Hailwood Replica )
- Ducati 900 MHR (Mike Hailwood Replica )
- Ducati 900 S2
- Ducati 900 SS
- Ducati SS Darmah
- Ducati Darmah SD
- Ducati 860 GT
- Ducati 860 GTS
- Ducati 750 SS
- Ducati 750 S
- Ducati 750 GT
- Ducati 250 Desmo
- Ducati 250 Daytona
- Ducati 200
- Ducati 125 SixDays
- Ducati 125 S
- Ducati Gran Sport 100
Four stroke engines with chain drive for the camshafts
Limited time parallel twins were used from 1975, whose overhead camshaft was driven by a chain. Performance and reliability of these models came in for criticism, and only small numbers following models were obtained:
- Ducati GTV 350/500
- Ducati GTL 350/500
- Ducati 350/500 Sport Desmo
A combination of Stirnradkaskade and chain drive is from 2012 in the V- 2 engine of the Ducati Panigale 1199 the camshaft drive. Here, an intermediate shaft was driven in each cylinder head, two overhead camshafts rotate on front wheels: this is reminiscent of an inverted Weller engines.
Four stroke engines with camshaft drive via toothed belt
With the Pantah 500 of the V- engine is first presented in 1977 with belt drive - a design that is the basis of Ducati models to this day. The first Ducati with Pantah engine was launched in 1979.
- Ducati 750 Sport
- Ducati 750 F1
- Ducati 650SL
- Ducati 500SL
- Ducati 600TL
- Ducati 350F3
- Ducati 350XL
- Ducati 350SL
- Ducati Indiana
- Ducati 907 i.e.
- Ducati 906 Paso
- Ducati 750 Paso
- Ducati TT2 600 Production Racer
- Ducati 750 TT1 Production Racer
- Ducati Supermono
- Ducati 851/888
- Ducati 916/996/998/748
- Ducati 999/749
- Ducati 848/848 evo / 848 Streetfighter
- Ducati Panigale 899
- Ducati 1098/1098 S / 1098 R
- Ducati 1198/1198 S / 1198 SP
- Ducati 1199 / 1199S / 1199R / Panigale / Superleggera
- Ducati S4 / S4R / S4R Testastretta / S4RS
- Ducati S2R / S2R 800 / S2R 1000
- Ducati M1000
- Ducati M1000S i.e.
- Ducati M1100 (from 2009, the basic concept of M696 )
- Ducati M900
- Ducati M800
- Ducati M750
- Ducati M796 (from 2010, the basic concept of M1100 )
- Ducati M696 ( from 2008 complete rewrite )
- Ducati M695
- Ducati M620
- Ducati M600
- Ducati M400 (Japan)
- Ducati M1100 evo (2011-2013 )
- Ducati M1200 ( S) ( 2014 )
The actual naming of Ducati was for (older) types of gasifier so that " SS " stood by the engine displacement (eg 600 SS). For the injection cars (ie Injectione Electronico, from 1998 ), this nomenclature has been reversed, these models were called then, for example, SS 1000th The list below reflects this not fully reflected.
- Ducati 1000 SS i.e. DS ( DS = dual ignition )
- Ducati 900 SS ( carburetor )
- Ducati 900 SL ( carburetor, SL = Super Light)
- Ducati 900 SS i.e.
- Ducati 900 Sport i.e.
- Ducati 800 SS i.e.
- Ducati 800 Sport i.e.
- Ducati 750 SS i.e.
- Ducati 750 Sport i.e.
- Ducati 750 SS ( carburetor )
- Ducati 620 Sport i.e.
- Ducati 600 SS ( carburetor )
- Ducati 400 SS ( carburetor )
- Ducati 350 SS ( carburetor )
Ducati Sport Touring
- Ducati ST2
- Ducati ST3 / ST3S ABS
- Ducati ST4 / ST4S / ABS
- Ducati Multistrada 620
- Ducati Multistrada 1000 DS
- Ducati Multistrada 1000s DS
- Ducati Multistrada 1100
- Ducati Multistrada 1100S
- Ducati Multistrada 1200 ( s ) ( ABS)
- Ducati Hypermotard 796
- Ducati Hypermotard 1100
- Ducati Hypermotard 1100 S
- Ducati Hypermotard 1100 EVO
- Ducati Hypermotard 1100 EVO SP
- Ducati Hypermotard 821
- Ducati Hyper Strada 821
Ducati Sport Classic
- Ducati GT1000
- Ducati SPORT1000 / SPORT1000 Biposto
- Ducati Sport1000S
- Ducati PaulSmart1000LE ( Limited Edition)
- Ducati MH900e (Mike Hailwood Tribute Bike)
- Ducati Streetfighter 848
- Ducati Streetfighter
- Ducati Streetfighter S
- Ducati Diavel
- Ducati Diavel Carbon
- Ducati Diavel AMG
- Ducati Diavel Cromo
- Ducati Diavel Strada
Four -cylinder engines with camshaft gear drive
1963 there had been with the Apollo project a V4 engine from Ducati with 1,240 cc displacement and 100 hp, but not beyond came beyond the experimental stage.
Based on the new four-stroke rules in the MotoGP class, a new, powerful V4 -cylinder model was introduced in 2002 and used from 2003. From the summer of 2007 was the Desmosedici RR is also a piece of numerically limited, street-legal special series with this technique in the offer.
As part of a brand extensions provides Bianchi Ducati bikes designed fro, which are sold under the brand Ducati. The offered racing and cross bikes and mountain bikes are located in the upper price range.
Ducati developed in 1958 a four-wheeled car that was called Baptiste DU 4. It was a coupe with four seats. There was a notably curved windscreen and the panoramic rear window. To drive a V4 engine made with 250 cc displacement and 16 hp. Alternatively, there was a larger engine with 350 cc displacement and 18 hp. The weight of the engine, four-speed gearbox and differential is specified with only 48 kg. The engine was front mounted in the vehicle and drove to the front wheels. Only produced some prototypes.