Dudinka (Russian Дудинка ) is a city with artificially held free, ice-free port in the north of the West Siberian lowlands, each in the north of the Krasnoyarsk region of Siberia, Russia ( Asia). She has (October 14, 2010 Balance ) 22,175 inhabitants.
The city was until its dissolution the administrative center of Taymyr Autonomous Okrug in Northern Siberia. It was founded in 1667 as a winter settlement on the Yenisei in 1951 and received a city charter. The city is named in honor of the fur trader Dudin, who built the first log house in the 17th century here.
Dudinka is located approximately 300 km north of the Arctic Circle in the north-eastern part of the West Siberian Lowland. It is located northwest of the Lontokoiski - Kamen Mountains ( max. 760 m), the outer north-western spurs of the Central Siberian Uplands at the mouth of coming from the southeast from the mountains Dudinka in the Yenisei. About the lower reaches of the Yenisei, one of the longest rivers in the world, is located in the Arctic Ocean connection to the Northeast Passage. Slightly northeast of the city is the West Siberian lowland seamlessly into the North Siberian Lowland. Approximately 100 km east of Dudinka is the industrial city of Norilsk.
Transport and Territorial Restrictions
The city has a seaport on the banks of the Yenisei River, which connects the east located Norilsk industrial center to the Northeast Passage. Today Dudinka may be entered by foreigners only with a special permit. The number of closed cities was indeed greatly reduced since the mid- 1990s, but since 2001, traveling for foreigners in the cities of Norilsk and Dudinka and the formerly independent since 2004 eingemeindeten to Norilsk cities Talnach and Kajerkan was again limited.
The port of Dudinka part of the company Norilsk Nickel and both sea and river port. The port is located on the right bank of the Yenisei River and 350 km from the confluence with the Yenisey Gulf. In the harbor are two channels are separated by the island Kabatskim. One is navigable with 12 to 33 m depth and up to 2 km wide, the other is not navigable with a depth of between two and ten meters. The port is connected by road and railway with Norilsk.
Since 1978, the Marine is possible to Dudinka throughout the year with icebreakers. Only one in June there will be no shipping because the ice melt can rise about 15 m of the river. All port facilities are then flooded. All harbor cranes are pre- dismantled and stored for this period at a safe distance ( see photo).
In Dudinka be about 4.5 million tonnes of goods, mostly metals handled and shipped to Murmansk.
For developing the oil field found in 1988 Wankor a pipeline to be built up in the area of Dudinka to be extended by increasing the production capacity to 9-10 million tons until after Dikson.
About 20 kilometers southeast of Dudinka is a 460 meter high radio mast, which was built for the Chaika radio navigation system. It provides a grounded steel truss structure with a triangular cross-section, equipped with a cage antenna, dar.
Note: Census data
Sons and daughters of the town
- Olga Martynova (* 1962), Russian poet, essayist and translator