E3 Series Shinkansen
The Shinkansen E3 series (Japanese E3系 新 干线 电车, E3 -kei Shinkansen densha ) is a Japanese high speed train operator JR East, which was built between 1995 and 2010 and the first models on the Akita Shinkansen, later models also on the Yamagata Shinkansen are used.
- 3.2.1 inventory
- 3.3.1 inventory
Like the 400 series before, the E3 series has been developed for a mini - Shinkansen line. As a mini - Shinkansen tracks railway lines in Japan are referred to when conventional routes have been converted from Cape gauge to standard gauge, so as to establish a connection to the Shinkansen network. The trains can be carried bound on the actual Shinkansen high-speed rail. However, the conversion of existing lines did not change the gauge, so that the existing Shinkansen trains could not be used.
The E3 series is designed for the Akita Shinkansen, which was opened in 1997. In 1995, the pre-series S8 manufactured by Kawasaki Heavy Industries was delivered and then subjected to extensive testing. The pre-series consisted of five cars and was converted before the opening of the Akita Shinkansen Series Standard and eingeflottet as set R1.
The top speed of the E3 series is 275 km / h which they reached on the Tōhoku Shinkansen trains with traction in the series E2. On the Akita and Yamagata Shinkansen, the maximum speed is 130 km / h
The trains of the first E3 series Komachi as a connection on the Akita Shinkansen in use. Between Akita and Morioka they operate solo, from Morioka in traction with the trains of the Hayate connection of the Tōhoku Shinkansen.
The trains of the series E3 -1000 and E3 -2000 were purchased as a replacement for the 400 series. They therefore as Tsubasa connection on the Yamagata Shinkansen to use.
First E3 Series
The production vehicles based on the Vorserienzugs R1 were produced from 1996 onwards. Originally 16 vehicles were procured. However, the purchase was made directly by the JR East, but by the Akita Shinkansen Sharyo Hoyu (Japanese秋田 新 干线 车 両 保有(株) ), a joint venture between JR East and the Akita Prefecture. The trains were leased from the JR East Shinkansen Sharyo Hoyu of the Akita.
The only procured for sets R1 to R16 initially had five cars. Due to increasing demand, a sixth car was introduced in 1998.
During the pre-series still had three scissor pantograph, the production models were equipped only with two -arm pantographs.
The vehicles of the first E3 series 2013 to go out of service and replaced by the E6 series.
E3 -1000 Series
When in the late 1990s for the Yamagata Shinkansen additional vehicles were needed, JR East, a sub- series of the series decided to let E3 manufacture. Three vehicles of the E3 -1000 series were produced, consisting of seven cars. The color corresponds to the 400 series, but the logo of the Tsubasa connection ( a big wing ) was in the range E3 -1000 in addition to the power heads attached.
Originally the trains of the E3 -1000 series were operated from Fukushima in traction with features of the E4 series at a maximum of 240 km / h. Since March 17, 2012 and they also operate in traction with the E2 series and were tuned up for this purpose at 275 km / h.
E3 -2000 series
The Series E3 -2000 was procured as a replacement for getting on in years, vehicles of the 400 series. Like the E3 -1000 series consist trains E3 -2000 series of seven cars. Between December 2008 and the summer of 2009 all trains of the 400 series were replaced by the series E3 2000. It features 12 of the E3 -2000 series were procured.
Compared with the series E3 1000 some technical improvements have been implemented: the moves of the E3 -2000 series have an active suspension, LED direction indicators and sockets at all seats.
In contrast to the series E3 -1000 each, a row of seats with four seats away in the control car so as to produce the same pitch in all cars. With the series E3 1000, the rows of seats in the non- reservation required carriages are narrower than in the reservation required.