Earthrise (English, Earthrise ' ) is the name of the NASA photos AS8 -14- 2383HR, taken by William Anders during the flight of Apollo 8 The image was taken on December 24, 1968 during the fourth orbit of the moon with a Hasselblad 500 camera, focal length 250 mm, photographed.
The original image description reads:
" The rising Earth is about five degrees above the lunar horizon in this telephoto view taken from the Apollo 8 spacecraft near 110 degrees east longitude. The horizon, about 570 kilometers (250 statute miles) [sic ] from the space craft, is near the eastern limb of the Moon as viewed from the Earth. On the earth, the sunset terminator crosses Africa. The south pole is in the white area near the left end of the terminator. North and South America are under the clouds. The lunar surface probably less pronounced color than indicated mineral Hat by this print. "
" The rising Earth is in this telephoto shot about five degrees above the lunar horizon, taken from the Apollo 8 spacecraft at 110 degrees east longitude. The horizon, about 570 kilometers (250 miles) from the spacecraft as seen from Earth, near the eastern edge of the moon. On Earth passes through the day-night boundary Africa. The South Pole is in the white area on the left end of the day - night boundary. North and South America are under the clouds. The lunar surface probably has less intense colors than on this deduction. "
The emergence of this photo was pure coincidence and not intended in the original flight plan. During the previous Mondumkreisungen Commander Frank Borman had the Apollo spacecraft always aligned with the top surface of the moon, to take pictures of the surface for subsequent landings. Just before the spacecraft came out from behind the moon and regained radio contact with Earth, Borman let rotate the spacecraft about its longitudinal axis when the earth suddenly appeared in the side window.
" Oh, my God! Look at this picture then on! Here the earth goes on. Man, that's beautiful! "
As Borman grabbed the camera to capture the sights, quipped Bill Anders: "Hey, do not take that, it's not scheduled. " ( German: ". . Hey not take a picture that is not provided " ) Borman made a first Black and white image of the rising ground, which was still slightly above the lunar horizon. After the photo Borman was made the camera to Anders, who lodged a color film and made the famous picture and another picture of the earth. The Earthrise photo was originally taken with the lunar horizon in the vertical, the image is displayed but mostly rotated 90 degrees.
The phenomenon of a " Erdaufgangs " can only be observed from a spacecraft in lunar orbit as Earth's moon due to the bound rotation always turns the same side. The earth would be for an observer on the lunar surface, apart from librational motions, always at the same point in the sky.
The nature photographer Galen Rowell described the image as "the most influential environmental photograph ever taken ." 1969 Photo from the U.S. Postal Service has been chosen as a motif for a stamp, as a caption, the first four words in the English translation of the biblical story of creation were " In the beginning God ... " are used.