East End of London
The East End in London includes the districts east of the medieval city center and north of the River Thames. Today, these are the Borough of Tower Hamlets and the southern part of Hackney. Hackney is considered poor, proletarian quarters and pulled over the centuries, various immigrant groups, such as the end of the 19th century, Jews, and in the second half of the 20th century, Africans and South Asians, mainly from Bangladesh.
Explanations for the traditionally low social status of London's East End:
- Because of the prevailing westerly wind conditions exhaust (heating, industry, etc. ) were particularly noticeable here and the area was particularly vulnerable to smog.
- Here are the docks, where many unskilled workers were employed.
- The East End was built in the 18th century ( around 1750 ) as a collection of quite prosperous manufacturing districts (by a textile processing ) in the hinterland of the Port of London (eg were Wapping or Limehouse Waterfront, Stepney, Poplar and Whitechapel grouped around various factories ). Than 100 years later, in 1820, England's population explosion broke out, lured the hope of finding work hundreds of thousands of people in neighborhoods that did not think this crowd (read: way too small ) were. Overpopulation was the result. Almost at the same time but got the economy of the East End into a serious crisis, as many factories the technical progress of the large factories of northern England could not follow ( "backyard industry" ) and had to close. In addition, the new port facilities wandered further and further down the river and moved jobs out of the old harbor from. In 1850, many degenerated district in the East End for slum and remained firm for a long time.
East End as a term
After the situation in London Location East End become a synonym for socially underprivileged or working-class neighborhood, while the West End is synonymous with the " better society " is was.