East Low German
- Indo-European language family Germanic Languages West Germanic languages Low German language Ostniederdeutsch
The ostniederdeutschen dialects (together with the Lower Saxon dialects colloquially often referred to as " Low German ") is include in Germany mainly the Low German dialects in Mecklenburg -Vorpommern, Brandenburg and in northern Saxony-Anhalt in the Altmark and in the historical German provinces east of the Oder be spoken or were. International talk mainly descendants of Mennonite emigrants to ostniederdeutschen dialect Plautdietsch.
Special linguistic features
Compared with the Lower Saxony, the Ostniederdeutsche in the transition region to the East Middle German dialects to be closer to High German. By medieval settlement movements, there are many words and phrases of the Westphalian dialect in Ostniederdeutschen. Furthermore, there are some words West Slavic and French origin. In contrast to the North and Südniederdeutschen the separation between East and West Low German is more of a geographical, the distinction between old and new (from about 1250 settled ) settlement areas. In particular, the Mecklenburgisch - Western Pomerania is identical in pronunciation and grammar with the ( western ) North of Lower Saxony for the most part. In general, the Low German shows in regional terms, fewer differences between the dialects as is the case in High German.
A difference to the West Low German dialects is the formation of the plural unit of the verbs in the present tense. This ends in the West Low German on - (e) t, in Ostniederdeutschen however, end in-en:
In addition, in some dialects the / s / ( sharp S) before consonants / ʃ / (Sch - sound) changed. Snacking, beach and Spiker are indeed often posted with S, in many ostniederdeutschen dialects we speak it but as chat, Schtrand and Schpiker from. This concerns in particular the low- Prussian ( East Prussia ) and the Hinterpommersche, but also the Mecklenburgisch - Strelitzsche and parts of the Western Pomeranian.
The two largest ostniederdeutschen dialect groups today are the Mecklenburgisch - Western Pomerania and the Plaut Dietsche. Their peculiarities are described in the articles.
For Ostniederdeutschen following dialect groups are counted:
A special development took the Berlin -Brandenburg dialects. Previously they belonged to Ostniederdeutschen because they have their roots in the Mark Brandenburg. As a result of language mixing they are today, however, associated with the East Middle German.
The vocabulary of ostniederdeutschen dialects is recorded and described in Mecklenburg dictionary ( dialects in Mecklenburg ), the Pomeranian dictionary ( dialects in pre-and Pomerania ), in Brandenburg- Berlinischen Dictionary (Mark -Brandenburg dialects ), ostniederdeutsche in Mittelelbisches dictionary (including dialects in northern Saxony- Anhalt) and the Prussian Dictionary ( dialects in East and West Prussia ).