The East River ( German " East River " ) in New York City is a long-drawn- strait that connects the Long Iceland sound with the mouth of the Hudson River. Despite its name it is not a river.
The East River as a waterway in New York
The East River runs from north-east to south between the southern tip of Manhattan and Throgs Neck in the Bronx and separates the New York neighborhoods of Manhattan and the Bronx in the west of Queens and Brooklyn on Long Iceland in the east. Between the Hudson and East River is also a location above the confluence, but controlled with locks connection: the Harlem River.
In the East River are the following members of the New York City area islands:
- Rikers Iceland
- North Brother Iceland
- South Brother Iceland
- Mill rock
- The connected by leveling and Ward's and Randall's Iceland Iceland
- Roosevelt Iceland,
- U Thant Iceland ( Belmont Iceland )
East River crossings
The East River is ten bridges, thirteen tunnels, a cable car, the Roosevelt Iceland Tramway (only between Manhattan and Roosevelt Iceland ) and crossed a ferry.
The bridges are, from north to south:
- Throgs Neck Bridge, between the Bronx and Queens, motor vehicle traffic
- Bronx - Whitestone Bridge, between the Bronx and Queens, motor vehicle traffic
- Rikers Iceland Bridge between Queens and Rikers Iceland, motor vehicle traffic
- Hellgate Bridge, between Queens and the Bronx, railway
- Robert F. Kennedy Bridge between Manhattan, the Bronx and Queens, via Ward's and Randall's Iceland, motor vehicle traffic
- Iceland Roosevelt Bridge from Queens to Roosevelt Iceland
- Queensboro Bridge, between Manhattan and Queens, Roosevelt via Iceland, motor vehicle traffic
- Williamsburg Bridge between Manhattan and Brooklyn, motor vehicle traffic, and New York City Subway lines J, M, and Z
- Manhattan Bridge, between Manhattan and Brooklyn, vehicle traffic and subway lines B, D, N and Q
- Brooklyn Bridge, between Manhattan and Brooklyn, motor vehicle traffic
The tunnels are, from north to south:
- 63rd Street Tunnel between Manhattan and Queens, Subway Line F on the upper floor, the lower floor is part of the East Side Access project, which will connect the Grand Central Terminal with the Long Iceland Railroad
- 60th Street Tunnel between Manhattan and Queens, Subway lines N, Q, and R
- 53rd Street Tunnel between Manhattan and Queens, Subway lines E and M
- Steinway tunnel between Manhattan and Queens, Subway Line 7
- Queens - Midtown Tunnel, between Queens and Manhattan, motor vehicle traffic, Interstate I -495
- East River tunnel between Manhattan and Queens, railroad tunnel used by Long Iceland Rail Road, Amtrak and New Jersey Transit from Penn Station
- 14th Street Tunnel, between Brooklyn and Manhattan, Subway line L
- Rutgers Street Tunnel, between Brooklyn and Manhattan, Subway Line F
- Cranberry Street Tunnel, between Brooklyn and Manhattan, Subway lines A and C
- Clark Street tunnel between Brooklyn and Manhattan, Subway lines 2 and 3
- Montague Street tunnel between Brooklyn and Manhattan, Subway lines N and R
- Joralemon Street Tunnel, between Brooklyn and Manhattan, Subway lines 4 and 5
- Brooklyn - Battery Tunnel, between Brooklyn and Manhattan, motor vehicle traffic, Interstate I -478
The East River is traveled between Wall Street in the south and 34th Street to the north by the East River Ferry since June 2011, also serves the seven investors in Manhattan, Brooklyn and Queens, as well as weekend Governors Iceland. Moreover, the compounds of the New York Water Taxi exist to sporting events.
Currents in the East River
The narrowness of the stream, the flow of the Hudson, and in particular the tides generate currents of five knots or more in the East River. This flow conditions and submerged rocks that have been accurately mapped or removed only recently, numerous ships fell in the age of sailing ships to the victim. This fact owes its location at the mouth of the Harlem River most dangerous place of the East River the name Hellgate.
The biggest shipping disaster in the port of New York on the East River were fire and sinking of the General Slocum. The extent to which specific conditions in the East River had contributed to this misfortune, however, is controversial.
Recently, attempts to use the flow in the East River for energy. As part of the RITE project are to 2012 30 five -meter-high turbines are anchored with a total capacity of 1 megawatt at the bottom of the East River between Roosevelt Iceland and Queens who are to use the tidal current. Prototypes of turbines have already been tested successfully on site.
The East River past and present
Both on the west bank (Manhattan and Bronx ) as well as on the east bank ( Brooklyn and Queens ) of the East River lined up during the growth of the town pier to pier. As a result of the structural change after the Second World War, these piers have fallen in part and are now used for other functions.