The term Ostfalen designated the eastern part of the old Saxon line between the rivers, the Elbe, Saale and Unstrut. Ostfalen must be distinguished from Eastern Westphalia, which lay in the old Saxons in the west subsequent Engern.
At the end of the Saxon wars of Charlemagne was the defeat of the Saxons 785 and the baptism of Duke Widukind. The Zwangschristianisierung of Saxony followed. For this purpose, the bishoprics of Hildesheim and Halberstadt were set to 815, the common border thereby the Oker was. The Saxon land were integrated into the Frankish Empire and divided into the dominions Westphalia, Engern and Ostfalen. The ending- Westphalia is of Germanic origin and refers to the level that ( initially) was divided by the river Weser in Ostfalen and Westphalia.
After 1180 the imperial ban was imposed on Henry the Lion, the division Ostfalens followed in smaller dominions, such as the Duchy of Brunswick -Lüneburg, which was Otto the Child in 1235 awarded as an imperial fief. Other dominions Ostfalens at that time were the secular areas of the Bishops of Halberstadt and Hildesheim, the Archbishop of Magdeburg and the pin area Quedlinburg. Also, the Empire district of Goslar and Wernigerode and Blankenburg the counties were part Ostfalens. Through the estate settlement dominions were always smaller and more numerous. So also disintegrated the Duchy of Brunswick -Lüneburg. As the largest single part of it emerged the Principality of Brunswick- Wolfenbüttel. The time already weak " Ostfalen - consciousness" was completely lost.
Current use of the term in different variants
While the west of the Weser preferred area leads the official name of Westphalia, Ostfalen is no longer common. The term appears now reduced to Linguistics and History. The name was occasionally performed as a term for the Ostfalengau to Hildesheim. Recently, an attempt to revive the name in southern Lower Saxony and Saxony-Anhalt in the west again. He is now based on various field sizes and compositions depending on their interests, thereby departing from the historic Ostfalen some cases.
Example of using the territory of the historic Ottonian king landscape
The Ostfalen portal Ostfalen defined based on the Brockhaus - definition ( 1st half of 20th century):
" Ostfalen generally referred to by the early medieval tribe of, Ostfalen ' dominated space that was circumscribed at the end of the 8th century in the core by the Carolingian dioceses Verden, Hildesheim and Halberstadt. This land around the resin around was the home of the Ottonian royal and imperial family ( royal landscape bordering ) and was characterized by numerous pin -ups and castle towns. Romanesque, municipal law and Reformation, mining and engineering history created World Heritage Sites in Hildesheim, Goslar, Quedlinburg Dessau and Eisleben. As a cultural landscape Ostfalen called today a space that is covered by three federal states of Lower Saxony, Saxony -Anhalt and Thuringia. The Ostfalen portal connects people from Hanover to Magdeburg, Göttingen and Halle with their common cultural landscape. "
Example use Deuregio Ostfalen
The areas between Braunschweig and Magdeburg Bördekreis and Ohrekreis, which merged to the district flange 2007 and the county Helmstedt established the association " Deuregio Ostfalen ". The statutory function is defined in § 2 of the Constitution and reads: " The association pursues exclusively and directly charitable purposes, with the aim of strengthening the sense of belonging among members and their inhabitants through appropriate measures and to improve the local living conditions ."
In this respect, the Deuregio Ostfalen plays the role of a facilitator for a region. In addition, there is a Ostfälische Institute. It deals with the academic study of Ostfälischen Platt and also aims to promote the Ostfälische as language. To this end, a literature competition is announced annually. In 2012, this happened for the 19th time.
Other current uses of the term Ostfalen
In the conversion of VEB BKK Bitterfeld in the corporation MIBRAG operating parts of the former BKW Harbke were hived. From the Maintenance shop a limited liability company was formed. On 27 December 1990, the company has been in the role certificate 373/1990 of the notary Dr. Michael Schneider from Dortmund " industry works Ostfalen GmbH " is entered. The name should document the recovered lost by the founding of the two German states, late, belonging to the region. Thus, the term " Ostfalen " been brought after the turn into the focus and further consideration.
2004, they did not come looking for a Germany and Europe viable common name for the region of Braunschweig / Wolfsburg attempts as "Region Centre- Nord" also. The term Ostfalen did not matter. In parallel, holds the name " Braunschweiger Land ", bound to the boundaries of the former Free State and Welf Duchy.
The proposal of the local government reform on 1 July 2007 established in Saxony -Anhalt Commission to name the newly created district Borde " Ostfalenkreis ", was not realized.
In the community Barleben north of Magdeburg, the name was, however, taken up in the "Technology Ostfalen ".
2009 was called the University of Applied Sciences Braunschweig / Wolfenbüttel in Ostfalia - University of Applied Sciences has to offer.
The term " Eastphalian " derives from the linguistics of the 19th century, the first time almost everywhere concerned with the dialects in this room and this here ( partly) described similarities and peculiarities noted. Since this can be partly up to the ( sparse ) written sources of altniederdeutschen time trace, which has since vanished Name of the eastern part of the former Old Saxon duchy for this purpose was revived.
The counties around the cities of Braunschweig and Wolfsburg ( Peine, Gifhorn, Helmstedt, Wolfenbüttel ) and the districts beading, resin, Goslar and Hildesheim and Hannover parts of the region belong to the linguistic area Ostfalen. Here, the dialect region is not congruent with the historical Ostfalen. So was and is still spoken in the ostfälische Platt once to the diocese of Minden scoring area of Hanover and formerly to the archbishopric of Mainz belonging Göttingen.
In the field of historical Ostfalen there are four sites that lead to the title of UNESCO World Heritage Site. These are the ensemble of the St. Michael's Church and the Cathedral of St. Mary in Hildesheim, the Mines of Rammelsberg with Goslar's Old Town, the Old Town of Quedlinburg and the birth and death of Martin Luther house in Eisleben.
Places with flashy endings
In the historic area Ostfalen there is a striking accumulation of place names ending with - live - büttel and rode. However, since these endings are often also in other tracts of land, only the mixture of these places makes something "typically Ostfälisches ". In the area between Braunschweig and Magdeburg There are many place names ending in- live to Braunschweig often occur with such - büttel on and in the area between the resin and the suffix -rode Wolfsburg is often encountered.