Ebbe Mountains

Position of the ebb Mountains in North Rhine -Westphalia

The Ebbegebirge (short low tide) is one to 663.3 m above sea. NN high Mittelgebirgszug in North Rhine-Westphalia Sauerland.

The mountain is named after the much more extensive nature Ebbegebirge and left the Lenne situated western part of the natural ecosystem ebb Homert threshold. Its highest mountain is the Northern Light.

  • 4.1 rivers
  • 4.2 reservoirs

Geographical location

The Ebbegebirge located in the Natural Park Ebbegebirge in the Sauerland and is part of the Mark Brandenburg district and the district of Olpe. It spreads between Hershey in the northwest, Plettenberg (boundary layer) in the Northeast, Finnentrop (outer periphery), to the east, Attendorn (outside ) in the southeast, Altenvalbert (outer periphery), in the western south, Meinerzhagen (outer periphery), in the southwest, and Kierspe (outside ) from the west. The Westsüdwestabdachung of the mountain is flanked by Volme upper reaches, the Ostnordostflanke of the Lenne.

Nature regions

The Ebbegebirge is organized as follows:

  • ( 33 Southshore Bergland ) ( Südsauerländer to 3362 Bergland ) ( 3362.0-3 to ebb Homert threshold ( 373 km ²) ) 3362.0 Ebbegebirge 3362.00 # High tide (up to 663.3 m)
  • 3362.01 # Griesingrücken (up to 553.8 m)
  • 3362.02 # Herscheider low tide (up to 584.6 m, with Versetalsperre )
  • 3362.03 # Plettenberger boiler (up to 584.2 m)

High tide

The unsettled and continuously forested, on the north Light to 663.3 m above sea level. NN high core Mountains High tide takes the southwestern part of the ebb Mountains just north Valberts and a bit south Herscheids. His extreme west is crossed by the A45 to a maximum of 530 m.

The high tide is in the main a pulling himself after east-northeast ridge with a clear North ( northwest ) en -oriented eaves, while the South ( South East ) edge more gradually flattens. Here, however, the absolute level drop at the eaves is lower than on the opposite side.

Orographically the High tide is delimited to the west by the Volme headwaters at Meinerzhagen and separated to the north through a valley along the road work Hagen- Himmelmert of Herscheider ebb and Plettenberger boiler. The West of this valley accompanies the Herveler Bach for verses to the west, while the (larger) follows the eastern part of the ebb stream to the east, where it receives its final name Oester at the Oestertalsperre. Approximate eastern border with Plettenberger boilers are of Kückelheim from southwest bach up the valleys of Nuttmecke, Biekebach and Berndebach.

On the western slope of the High tide rises the Volme. On its southern flank further rise in the west, the Lister together with some close to the source inflows, in the middle of some tributaries of the upper reaches Ihne - and to the east a few direct tributaries of the lower Bigge into which open the two rivers mentioned earlier.


The most eponymous Griesing 553.8 m high Griesingrücken branches off from the mountain Rothstein (approx. 600 m) nearly perpendicular in the far ( south ) east of the High tide along the A45 to the north. To the east it is bounded by the upper reaches of the verses (see Herscheider low tide), to the west it borders the Kiersper bay at the Valley of the east Volme Kierspes. To the north the altitudes fall to Halver - Lüdenscheider plateaus within the Lüdenscheider trough around Lüdenscheid more gradually.

Analogous to - 90 ° inclined - High tide is also the eaves of Griesingrückens striking eastward gently steep and to the west ( but more absolute level drop significantly ). In the north of the back of the Volme Elspe flowing springs.

Herscheider low tide

Located on the Nümmert in the south 584.6 m high Herscheider high tide was at Hershey represents the north central part of the ebb Mountains dar. It extends from the valley of the verses of the Fürwiggetalsperre northward up to and including Versetalsperre in the west to Hill, the and from the upper reaches of the Else is limited its southern ( = left ) tributary White Ahe between Mügge break and Hüinghausen, in the east. The mountains southeast Mügge fracture are compared with the already allocated to the Plettenberger boiler.

Apart from the Quelläufen the Else and the tributaries of its headwaters in the east, drained the Herscheider ebb mainly about the verses that flow to the central black Ahe to the north.

Plettenberger boiler

Of the Holy See in the extreme northeast 584.2 m reach Plettenberger boiler is in Plettenberg resolved in the northeast compartments of the river system of the middle to lower Else together with lower ester together with Green, who strikes within the ebb Mountains, whose east it occupies a high relief energy. To the east and north-east it reaches to directly to the valley of the Lenne Else receiving water.


The following surveys by the ebb Mountains are worth mentioning: ( Natural areas in italics; highest elevations of a sub - natural space are marked with an asterisk; heights in meters ( m) above mean sea level ( MSL ) as: )

  • Nordhelle * ( 663.3 m) - each 3 km to the north and south Valberts Herscheids in the High tide; AT Robert Kolb tower Forest mountain (about 639 m) - over 1 km east-southeast of the North Light


The Ebbegebirge west is limited by the springing on the western slope of the high tide Volme and east to northeast of the Lenne. Almost all springing in the low tide rivers flow into the river system in the Lenne.

Counter-clockwise, starting in the south, these are:

  • ( for Bigge ) Lister (only source drive and close to the source inflows )
  • Ihne (only close to the source inflows )
  • Green ( for the Austrians; 9.2 km, 14.5 km ²)
  • Nuttmecke ( for Austrians, 3.4 km, 11.9 km ²)
  • Oester ( 15.6 km, 56.2 km ²)
  • Else ( 12.9 km )
  • White Ahe (8,0 km, 12.6 km ²)
  • Black Ahe (9.0 km ², 17.1 km ²)
  • Verses (24,5 km )

The only tributary of the Volme over 10 km ² catchment area is the Elspe (7.2 km, 17.1 km ²), however only in the upper reaches flows through the Ebbegebirge.


By far the largest reservoir in the ebb Mountains is the Versetalsperre in the northwest with an area of ​​at least 183 ha Also of the verses the Fürwiggetalsperre (18 ha) is south of it dammed. Central is the Oestertalsperre with an area of ​​24.5 hectares on the western slope of the mountain lies the low tide only 11.7 ha Jubachtalsperre.

That being said, there are in the vicinity of the low tide Mountains more reservoirs, one of which was built in the years 1956-1965 and 876 hectares Bigge with the adjacent and already built 1909-1912 Listertalsperre is by far the largest than today's pre- Taub corners and only a few kilometers southeast of the mountain is located.