Eberhard August Wilhelm von Zimmermann

Eberhard August Wilhelm von Zimmermann ( born August 17, 1743 Uelzen, † July 4, 1815 in Braunschweig ) was a German geographer and biologist.


Eberhard August Wilhelm von Zimmermann studied from 1761 to 1765 at the Universities of Leiden, Halle and Göttingen ( perhaps in Berlin at Leonhard Euler ) Natural history (medicine), philosophy, mathematics and geography. In Göttingen carpenter finished his studies with a mathematical publication in the field of curve sketching.

From 1766 he taught at the Collegium Carolinum in Brunswick as a professor of mathematics, physics and natural history. Zimmermann has published several scientific papers, including the much acclaimed Geographical history of the people and the widespread quadrupeds (3 volumes, 1778-1783 ), by which he was generally known. In 1778 he was appointed a corresponding member of the Academy of Sciences in Göttingen, and later also in other academies, so in 1808 the Bavarian Academy of Sciences. In 1796 he was elevated to the realm of nobility. From 1801 Zimmermann was relieved of his teaching duties, in order to devote his full journalistic work can.

He was a member of the Brunswick Masonic Lodge Jonathan and temporarily the master of the chair.

Zimmermann made ​​trips through Livonia, Russia, Sweden and Denmark, the trips but has probably not been used to study the distribution of mammals. They served rather to conduct scientific measurements and experiments. In 1775 he took using a special barometer during a Harzreise also measure the height of the lump before. Further journeys led him to England, France, Italy and Switzerland, in order to learn about the economic conditions and natural resources.

1806-1807 spent Zimmermann in the time of the Kingdom of Denmark belonging Altona. He died after a long illness on July 4, 1815 at the age of 71 years in Braunschweig.


Eberhard August Wilhelm von Zimmermann is considered a key founder of the animal geography, which was based in particular on the work of George Louis Leclerc de Buffon. It can be regarded as representative of the transitional period of the classic natural history of " biology " as an independent science of life.

Works (selection)

  • Geographical history of man and four-footed animals. In addition to a hither associated zoological world Charte. 3 volumes, Weygandsche bookstore, Leipzig 1778-1783, OCLC 8,766,966th
  • About the compressibility and elasticity of the water. Leipzig in 1779, OCLC 247,199,635th
  • France and the Free States of North America. Volume 1, Voss, Berlin 1795, OCLC 312,560,863th (reprint, Kessinger Publishing, 2009, ISBN 978-1-104-75104-3 ).
  • General Overview of France by Francis I to Louis XVI on .. Berlin, Braunschweig 1800 ( Volume 2 of France and the free states from 1795 ), OCLC 46,250,270th
  • Paperback of the trips. 12 years transitions, Leipzig 1802-1813, OCLC 241,484,417th
  • The earth and its inhabitants. 5 volumes, Leipzig from 1810 to 1815. The earth and its inhabitants according to the latest Entdekkungen. A reading book for geography, ethnology products teaching and trade. (Volume 3) G. Fleischer the disciples, Leipzig 1811, OCLC 65,250,987th (reprint, Nabu Press, 2011 ISBN 978-1247876856. )