Eduard Albert

Eduard Albert ( born January 20, 1841 in Senftenberg, Bohemia, † September 26, 1900 ) was a Bohemian- Austrian surgeon and literary translator.


Eduard Albert came from a family of watchmakers, visited in Žamberk school in Rychnov nad Kněžnou and Hradec Králové high school; on the latter he laid in 1861 from the Matura. He studied at the Josephinum in Vienna Medicine, among others, the famous pathologist Carl Rokitansky, and closed in January 1867, his studies with this same with a doctorate. In 1868 he married the daughter of Doctor M. Pietschová ( 1845-1924 ). In 1874 he became full professor head of an Innsbruck clinic where he devoted himself to intense scientific and journalistic activity. Thanks intercession Eduard Taaffe, whose personal physician and favorite he was, he was in 1881 head of the 1st Surgical Clinic in Vienna. He held this position until his death.

From 1890 he was a member of the CAVU, from 1886 the Supreme Health Council, from 1888, the Leopoldina in Halle and, further, the Medical Academy and the Surgical Society in Paris, an honorary member of the London Royal Surgical Society, from 1887 Councilor, recipient of the Knight's Cross and Order of Leopold; He has also served as editor of the journals Medical yearbooks and German Journal of Surgery.


Albert's extensive work consists of 177 professional publications in branches of medicine, mainly in the field of surgery. In addition to teaching materials, such as editions of his lectures, he has published over new surgical methods; he was one of the pioneers of antisepsis and the theoretical orthopedics. He placed great value addition to the outstanding quality content on the linguistic form; as a speaker and educator, he trained a number of famous students. Besides, he was physician of Austrian celebrities, and not least of Emperor Franz Joseph I; in his time he was one of the most significant surgeons of all of Austria.

In addition to professional work as a scientist and physician, he devoted his whole life to the beautiful literature. In Vienna, he spread the Czech literature of his time through his work as a critic, poet and translator. As a patron, he promoted Czech politicians and artists who corresponded with writers whose works he translated into German; long friendship and cooperation connected him with the poet Jaroslav Vrchlický. In the four volumes of his anthology of ( modern and contemporary ) poetry from Bohemia, he also published his own translations and accompanied the individual works with literary historical notes.

As a politician, he was a candidate in 1879 for the Imperial Council, because of political intrigues, he had to withdraw his candidacy eventually. In the late 1880s, there was a rapprochement with Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk, whom he had observed in the handwriting dispute, and its realistic environment; 1888-1890 he supported whose main publication organ Cas financially. Masaryk progressive views on education and higher education of women, however, led to divergence.

Albert died of a stroke in 1900; He was buried in Žamberk, the exhumation and transfer of his remains to Vienna in 1901 had been prompted by his son.