Eduard Schwartz

Eduard Schwartz ( born August 22, 1858 in Kiel, † February 13, 1940 in Munich) was a German classical scholar.

Life and work

As a result of the appointment of his father, the gynecologist Jakob Heinrich Hermann Schwartz, to Göttingen in 1876, he began his studies at the Georg-August -Universität Göttingen. He put it in 1876 in Bonn at Hermann Usener, 1878 in Berlin under Theodor Mommsen and 1879 in Greifswald with Ulrich von Wilamowitz - Moellendorff continued. Wilamowitz- Moellendorff and Schwartz were lifelong friends.

After the PhD. he went on a scholarship to Italy. Since 1884 habilitated lecturer at the Rheinische Friedrich- Wilhelms-Universität Bonn, he went in 1887 to the University of Rostock. In the Three Emperors year he married Emma in Rostock Blumenbach. Further stations were the University of Giessen (1893 ), the Kaiser- Wilhelms- University of Strasbourg (1897 ), the University of Göttingen ( 1902), Albert -Ludwigs- University of Freiburg (1909 ) and 1913 again Strasbourg. There he was 1915/16 ( in the First World War) Rector.

As stated many Strasbourg university teachers after the Armistice of Compiègne (1918 ) of the Third French Republic, Easter 1919 he came to the Chair of the Ludwig- Maximilians- University of Munich. In Munich he taught until his death.

His memberships at the academies of Berlin, Heidelberg, Munich, Vienna, Strasbourg, Petersburg, Copenhagen, Budapest and Stockholm are an expression of his scientific reputation. The University of Rostock appointed him on the occasion of its fourth centenary (1919) an honorary member. Full member of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences since 1919, he was the learned association from 1927 to 1930 serving as the president. In 1928 he was public supporter of the nationalist -minded, anti -Semitic struggle League for German Culture. For the Nazis, he had no sympathy as a Conservative. In 1936 the members of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences elected him again for president, but the Reich Education Minister Bernhard Rust appointed in his place to not proposed Nazis Karl Alexander von Müller.

The created by Albert Rehm font directory by Schwartz includes 387 digits, additional text editions. The three scientists Mommsen - Schwartz - Wilamowitz- Moellendorf are among the leading philologists of their time.

Schwartz was commissioned by the Berlin Academy with the publication of the collection Acta conciliorum oecumenicorum. For Pauly Realencyclopädie of classical antiquity science Schwartz has authored numerous articles on Greek historians who represent important basic contributions (if also overtaken in details) to this day.