Eilema caniola

White Grey lichen Little Bear ( Eilema caniola )

The hoary lichen Little Bear ( Eilema caniola ) is a butterfly (moth ) from the subfamily of the tiger moths ( Arctiinae ).

  • 5.1 Notes and references
  • 5.2 Literature


The moths reach a wingspan of 28 to 35 millimeters. The extended front wings are silvery- white to white -gray. At the edge of the wing is a pale yellow, narrow, not strongly lifting, the gray stripes. The wing tip is often brightened. The hind wings are white. Specific type is the bright yellow color of the head and neck brace.

The caterpillars are greyish light brown and have dark and reddish colored dot rows. They have large warts and short, brown, very bristly hair.

Similar Species

  • Coniferous forest lichen Little Bear ( Eilema depressa )
  • Grey body - lichen Little Bear ( Eilema lurideola )
  • Like lichen Little Bear ( Eilema pseudocomplana )
  • Yellow ocher lichen Little Bear ( Eilema palliatella )
  • Yellow body - lichen Little Bear ( Eilema complana )

Occurrence and distribution

They come in North Africa, Western and Southern Europe, east to Russia before. They live in heat beneficiary rocky slopes, dry areas and rocky scrub hallways. You need vegetation-free areas. In Germany they occur on warm slopes just to the southwest. In April 2007, the caterpillars first appeared at the Nuremberg districts garden city and Ketteler settlement.

Way of life

The moths are nocturnal and rest day on shady rocks. They can be easily lure at night by light. The animals fly in two generations from June to September, in the warm areas in the south they fly in three generations of May to October.

The caterpillars feed on stone and Erdflechten, but they are also the flowers of broom ( Genista spp.), Birdsfoot trefoil ( Lotus spp.) And clover ( Trifolium sp. ) Eat. They are found from September to May on stones on which their food plants grow. They overwinter.


The type shows for some time outbreaks in settlement areas where they eat green algae and lichens on walls and roofs and is troublesome by penetrating into living spaces. There are reports that the hairs of the caterpillar can cause skin irritations.