El País [el pais ] (Spanish for The Country ) is the largest and most internationally known daily newspaper in Spain. Between July 2006 and June 2007, the average selling daily edition of El País was 425 927 copies according to own data. Editor of the newspaper is Spain's largest media group PRISA.
The end of 1975, in the last days of the regime of the dictator Francisco Franco, a group of journalists the founding of El País was allowed by the government. However, the first edition appeared only in May 1976, shortly after the beginning of the Spanish Transition, during which she became one of the most important journalistic platforms in the country. Of particular importance for the reputation of the newspaper was their reaction to the coup attempt of February 23, 1981, as El País, even while the rebels occupied the Parliament, a special issue brought out, in which they pleaded for democratic constitution.
The political orientation of El País is considered liberal left, it is the social democratic party PSOE close. Himself, the newspaper but not as a social democratic or socialist. For the newspaper currently writing, among others Antonio Muñoz Molina, Juan José Javier Marías and Millás, and the Peruvian author Mario Vargas Llosa.
Principles of journalistic deontology and the language culture are laid down in an editorial statute and in the Libro de Estilo. Compliance with the principles and rules of El País wakes up an ombudsman of the newspaper, which can be called by the readers and reported in a Sunday column about his decisions.
Mid-November 2002 was a charge the offer of Internet presence El País Digital. This was abandoned partly due to the presence of other free online Spanish newspapers like El Mundo again in 2005. El País practiced as the first also the now widespread enclosures - journalism in magazine form ( TV program, youth magazine, feuilletonist Supplements etc.).
In November 2012 it was announced that the newspaper would lay off a third of its employees.