As Elbmarsch the vast marshland is referred to the lower and to some extent on the Middle Elbe. Originally the flat land along the river Elbe was a total tidebeeinflusst. With the construction of the barrage Geesthacht the same is no longer dependent on tides above Geest Hachts. In the course of colonization Holler large parts of the flooded areas were diked and reclaimed.
The Elbmarsch is very fertile and particularly characterized by large grassland proportions. In addition to cattle, particularly dairy cows, they are also used for farming. So Dithmar is primarily known for the cabbage, the Old Country is one of the largest fruit growing in Central Europe, the Vierlande and marshlands near Hamburg are among the most important growing areas for vegetables and flowers. The Kehdinger country and the Lüneburg Elbmarsch are particularly marked by a thriving horse breeding. For over 200 years Hanoverians are bred here successfully.
In the 1990s, nationwide coverage from the Elbmarschen after an increased number of leukemia was detected within the research center GKSS and the nuclear power plant crumbs. However, a direct correlation between disease cases and the nuclear installations could not be proven. See also: leukemia clusters Elbmarsch.
The Holstein Elbmarschen located in the southern Schleswig -Holstein on the lower Elbe. Here modern intensive agriculture. There also live there many working in Hamburg commuters. The land is flat and lies approximately at the level of the sea, near Neuendorf bei Wilster the country lies even about 3.50 m below it, which is why it is particularly vulnerable to storm surges and must be protected by appropriate Elbe dyke.
The Elbmarschen divided ( from northwest to southeast ) in the Wilstermarsch between the North Sea-Baltic Canal and sturgeon that. Krempermarsch between sturgeon and Krückau that Seestermüher march between Krückau and Pinnau and Haseldorfer march between Pinnau and the Geestrand at Wedel
Lower Saxony Elbmarschen
The Lower Saxony Elbmarschen begin reaching up to the Oste Hadeln. East of the river closes up at Stade and the rocker in the southeast of the country Kehdingen. Southeast of it expands the old country to the city limits of Hamburg, Cranz. Elbaufwärts of Hamburg eventually follow the Winsener and the Lüneburg Elbmarsch.