Elias Earle ( born June 19, 1762 in Frederick County, Virginia; † May 19, 1823 in Centerville, South Carolina ) was an American politician. Between 1805 and 1821 he represented several times the state of South Carolina in the U.S. House of Representatives.
Elias Earle was the uncle of Congressman Samuel and John B. Earle and the grandfather of U.S. Senator John LM Irby. He enjoyed a private education. In September 1787 he moved to the Greenville County in South Carolina. There he was engaged in the iron processing. At the same time he began a political career as a member of the Democratic- Republican Party. Between 1794 and 1797 he was a member of the House of Representatives of South Carolina. In 1800 he was a member of the State Senate.
In the congressional elections of 1804 he was in the eighth constituency of South Carolina in the U.S. House of Representatives in Washington DC chosen, where he succeeded his nephew John on March 4, 1805. This district he represented until March 3, 1807 for a term in Congress. In the elections of 1810 he was re-elected in the eighth district in the U.S. House of Representatives. There he took over from Lemuel J. Alston, who was two years earlier become his successor. Between 1813 and 1815, and again from 1817 to 1821 represented the seventh district Earle his state in Congress. Overall, he completed 1805-1821 five legislative sessions. During this time, including the British -American War of 1812 fell.