Elisha Phelps ( born November 16, 1779 Simsbury, Hartford County, Connecticut, † April 6, 1847 ) was an American politician. Between 1819 and 1821, and again from 1825 to 1829, he represented the state of Connecticut in the U.S. House of Representatives.
Elisha Phelps attended until 1800, Yale College. After a subsequent study of law at the Litchfield Law School, and in 1803 made his admission to the bar he began to practice in his new profession in Simsbury. At the same time he began a political career as a member of the Democratic- Republican Party. Between 1807 and 1818, he was several times delegate in the House of Representatives from Connecticut.
In the congressional elections of 1818, which were held all across the state, Phelps for the fifth parliamentary seat of Connecticut was in the U.S. House of Representatives in Washington DC selected. There he entered on March 4, 1819, to succeed Timothy Pitkin of the Federalist Party. Until March 3, 1821 he was initially able to do only one term in Congress.
In 1821, Phelps was again elected to the House of Representatives from Connecticut, whose president he became. Between 1822 and 1824 he was a member of the State Senate. After the dissolution of his party in the 1820s Elisha Phelps of the faction around President John Quincy Adams, and of the resulting National Republican Party joined. As their candidate, he was elected in the midterm elections of 1824, the state again far took place for the sixth parliamentary seat in Congress. After a re-election in 1826 he was able to spend between 4 March 1825 and the March 3, 1829 two coherent legislative periods in the U.S. House of Representatives, which were determined by the political debate between the supporters and opponents of the future President Andrew Jackson. In 1828, Phelps declined to run again.
Between 1831 and 1837 led Phelps as State Comptroller at the Court of Connecticut. From 1829 to 1835 he was again a member of the House of Representatives of his State; In 1829, he was its president. In 1835 he was a member of a commission to revise the laws of the state of Connecticut. Elisha Phelps died on 6 April 1847 in his birthplace of Simsbury. He was the father of John S. Phelps (1814-1886), who represented the state of Missouri 1845-1863 in Congress and was from 1877 to 1881 governor of Missouri.