Elizabeth (New Jersey)
Elizabeth is a city in Union County in the U.S. state of New Jersey with a population of 124 969 (1 April 2010). Elizabeth is the county seat ( county seat ) of Union County.
The geographic coordinates of the city are 40 ° 39'44 "North and 74 ° 12'33 " West.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 35.4 km ², of which 31.6 km ² of land and 3.7 km ² ( 10.47 %) is water.
Elizabeth was founded in 1665 and is named after the wife of Sir George Carteret, not Queen Elizabeth I, as people often assume.
Elizabeth has developed over many years in parallel with the neighboring city of Newark, but was spared the unrest of the 1960s.
With the Second World War, the port facilities of Newark and Elizabeth have grown and are one of the busiest seaports in the world.
According to the census of 2000, there are 120 568 people, 40,482 households, and 28,175 families residing in the city. The population density is 3809.5 persons per km ². 55.78 % of the population are White, 19.98 % African American, 0.48 % Native American, 2.35 % Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 15.51 % from other races, and 5.86% mixed race. 49.46 % are Hispanic or Latino of any race.
Of the 40,482 households 36.6 % have children under 18 years. 42.9 % are married couples living together, 19.1% are single mothers, 30.4% are non-families, 24.6 % consists of all households and 8.4% in people older than 65, the average household size is 2, 91, the average family size is 3.45.
26.3 % of the population are under the age of 18, 10.8 % from 18 to 24, 33.7 % from 25 to 44, 19.3% between 45 and 64, 10.0% older than 65 is the average age 33 years. The ratio of women to men is 100:98,0, for people older than 18 years, the ratio 100:96,1.
The median household income is $ 35,175, and the median income for a family $ 38,370. Males have a median income of $ 30,757, women $ 23,931. The per capita income for the city is $ 15,114. 17.8 % of the population and 15.6 % of families are below the poverty line, including 22.2 % have children younger than 18 years old and 17.2 % of people older than 65
The Newark International Airport, located mostly in the city of Elizabeth.
Through the New Jersey Turnpike ( Interstate 95) Elizabeth is directly connected to the road network. Interstate 278 connects via the Goethals Bridge Elizabeth with the New York City borough Staten Iceland. The Garden State Parkway passes only a few kilometers west of the city.
At the two stations Elizabeth ( Broad Street ) and North Elizabeth keep the regional trains of the Northeast Corridor Line and North Jersey Coast Line of New Jersey Transit to and from the direction of New York City ( Penn Station). It also made buses to New York City (Port Authority Bus Terminal ) to Newark Airport and Newark Penn Station.
Nationally known the Jersey Gardens Outlet Mall is on the edge of town, where several big fashion brands are represented with their own outlet stores.
Sons and daughters of the town
- Louis Grenville Abell, rowers
- Rick Barry, Basketball Player
- Hubie Brown, basketball coach
- Michael Chertoff, Secretary of Homeland Security of the United States
- Abraham Clark, politicians
- John Hopkins Clarke, politicians
- Ichabod Crane, Officer
- Elias Dayton, commander in the 18th century, father of Jonathan Dayton
- Jonathan Dayton, politicians
- William F. Halsey, Admiral of the Second World War
- Daniel Hugh - Kelly, actor
- Paul LaMastra, Cutter
- Samuel L. Leonard (1905-2007), zoologist
- Aaron Ogden, politicians
- Elizabeth Peña, Actress
- Debralee Scott, Actress
- Tony Williams, lead singer of The Platters