Elizabeth von Arnim

Elizabeth von Arnim ( born August 31, 1866 in Kirribilli Point in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, † February 9, 1941 in Charleston, South Carolina; actually Mary Annette Beauchamp ) was an English writer from the Commonwealth.


At the age of four years Beauchamp came with her family to the UK. On a trip through Italy with her father she met in 1889 in Florence, the German Count Henning August von Arnim - Schlagenthin know.

On February 21, 1891 Beauchamp and Arnim Schlagenthin married in London. They had four daughters and a son. Through this marriage, Elizabeth was equal to their children German citizen. After a brief honeymoon, the couple settled in Berlin.

On December 8th the same year the daughter Eva Sophie Luise Anna Felicitas (gen. Evi ) was born in Berlin. The second daughter, Elizabeth Irene (gen. Love ) followed on 15 February 1893. On April 3, 1894, the third daughter Beatrix Edith followed (gen. Trix ).

Two years later, the family settled on Good Nassenheide in Pomerania. Here visited Elizabeth von Arnim et al the writer Hugh Walpole and Edward Morgan Forster. Your first year on the farm processed von Arnim 's novel, Elizabeth and her garden, with whom she debuted in 1898. The summer months of 1897 and 1898 the family spent on Rügen on the Baltic Sea.

Published in 1898 by Arnim anonymously her first novel. Encouraged by the success of the novel, published under the pseudonym all other works by the author Elizabeth and her garden and then later under Elizabeth. This name they preferred from this time privately also. On July 29, 1899, the fourth daughter Felicitas Joyce (gen. Queekie ) was born in London. In September of the same year, Count Henning August was temporarily arrested on false accusations.

The summer of 1901 was spent again on Rügen. Elizabeth von Arnim took those complaints travel for research for her next novel. On October 27, 1902, the son Bernd Henning (gen. HB ) was born in London.

In August 1907 drew von Arnim several weeks with horses and a covered wagon through southern England. These experiences they processed later into a novel. During this trip she visited Herbert George Wells and his family in Sandgate near Folkestone.

Beginning of 1908 became the family in financial difficulties. The Good wet heath had to be sold. In April of the same year, the couple separated. Elizabeth von Arnim returned with her ​​five children back to the UK. Count Henning August died on August 20, 1910 during a cure in Bad Kissingen.

In the same year Elizabeth von Arnim became the mistress of Herbert George Wells. The next few years she lived in the Valais, Chalet Soleil. From October 1912 she lived alternately in the Swiss mountains and in the UK. When they are near her cousin Katherine Mansfield tried to cure their tuberculosis. Until her death on January 9, 1923, the cousins ​​often lived together.

The end of 1913 separated Elizabeth von Arnim Wells because she had fallen in love with Frank Russell. Russell was as Viscount Amberley grandson of the Prime Minister and the brother of the mathematician Bertrand Russell. When World War II broke out, Elizabeth von Arnim sought successfully to the recovery of British citizenship.

On February 11, 1916, she married Russell in London immediately after the divorce. This marriage was from the German Countess Arnim, the Countess Russell. At age 16, died on June 3, 1916 in Bremen her youngest daughter Felicitas. In October of the same year Elizabeth Russell escaped from her marriage. She traveled to her daughters, who were since the beginning of World War II in the U.S.

The following year she returned to the UK and tried to save her marriage to Russell. This attempt failed, and she separated in March 1919 final of Russell. The escape from the marriage caused a scandal in London society, the Elizabeth's reputation did not survive unscathed. Despite a subsequent bitter legal wrangling, the couple could not divorce.

1920 met the Countess thirty years younger than Alexander Stuart Frere know and fell in love with him. After a stormy affair that relationship to a lifelong friendship was. The spring and summer of 1921 spent the Countess on the Italian Riviera to do some research for a new novel.

From the spring of the following year sought Countess Elizabeth Russell, a representative house or a building site in an appropriate location on the Côte d' Azur. In October 1930, its Villa Mas des Roses was finished, and they moved their center of life in southern France.

On March 3, 1931 Francis Russell died. The political situation reached the Countess in southern France and in May 1939 she emigrated to the United States. There they lived only in hotels and toured the American continent.

At the age of 75 years Countess Elizabeth von Arnim ( the Countess Elizabeth Russell) died in Charleston, South Carolina. In the fall of 1945, the urn containing the remains was transferred to England and interred in the cemetery of Penn / Tylers Green.