Aurora Dawn Ellen Elisabeth Ammann ( born Sundström; born July 1, 1870 in Stockholm, † November 23, 1932 in Munich) was a Swedish- German politician ( BVP ), founder of the Bavarian Catholic Women's League, member of parliament and church activist. She was a pioneer of modern social work and had a major role in the defeat of the Hitler Putsch in Munich in 1923.
Biography and work
The Protestant baptized Ellen was brought up by her mother, who secretly converted to Catholicism in 1881, in the spirit of the Catholic Church. After high school she studied Swedish medical gymnastics. The study concluded Ellen Sundström not, since they fell in love with the German orthopedist Ottmar Ammann, who was for training in this very therapeutic exercise in Stockholm and lived with family Sundström sublet. In October 1890, she married and the 20 -year-old Ellen Ammann moved to Munich with her husband. The couple were born six children. Soon Ellen Ammann dedicated in honor of charitable work. In 1895 she co-founded the Marian girls Protection Association. Two years later she founded, with the support of Countess Christiane von Preysing Lichtenegg Moss, the first Catholic mission station in Munich, which she led for more than two decades. She was also actively involved in the founding of the Munich branch of the Association of Catholic Women, chaired they took over on December 6, 1904. In 1911 she founded the Bavarian Association of Catholic Women.
Ellen Ammann realized very soon that " are about the girls' high school final women's school also set up special female educational institutions that prefigure the socio-charitable activities of the salaried or volunteer social officers and assistants in this area. " "Spiritual motherhood is not" alone gave her more. It held:
"Social work must not get stuck in amateurism, because it is responsible work in humans, more like each other. "
Realizing this, Ellen Ammann began in the fall of 1909 with the establishment and development of a social and charitable women's school, which was expanded in 1916 to two years, with one exam after the one-year sub - and after one year of high school. Until her death she taught once a week, the subject " woman question women's movement ". The Institution was founded by Ellen Ammann was one of the first programmatic training centers for social work in Germany. Her daughter Maria Ammann led the Social Women's School from 1929 to 1961, which was incorporated in July 1970 to the present Catholic Foundation University of Munich.
1914 Ellen Amman was honored for her social and charitable use with the Pontifical Medal Pro Ecclesia et Pontifice. She founded in 1919 the Association of Catholic deacons (today: Secular Institute Ancillae Sanctae Ecclesiae ), whose original impulse goes back to the idea of the so-called " third woman's profession ". In this regard, they recognized:
" We do not need in addition to the married woman a crowd of unmarried women who are independent, who have renounced the love of God for marriage and have devoted themselves entirely without reserve of the movement, social reconciliation, Caritas, with all its force, ie: as nuns, but in that third occupation of the Virgin in the world that has yet to unfold to full bloom. "
After the introduction of women's suffrage in November 1918, was elected in 1919 for the Bavarian People's Party in the Bavarian Landtag Ellen Ammann as one of the first women to whom she belonged until 1932. She represented the Bavarian Parliament, the areas of activity child care, health care, public assistance and welfare.
As one of the few politicians of the time she looked at with special concern the increasing " strengthening of National Socialism, whose danger she recognized from the beginning, right einschätzte and early enough warned. She struggled in the spring of 1923 to an expulsion of Adolf Hitler from Bavaria. She was significantly involved in the suppression of the Hitler putsch of 9 November 1923. After learning of the planned march to Feldherrenhalle, they gathered all available members of the government in their school. " In a resolution of the Bavarian people, the coup as state crimes was sentenced. Ammann made sure that vulnerable people could get to safety, and that units of the army were moved to Munich. The Bavarian Minister of Culture at that time reigning Franz Matt recalled later with the words:
" The colleague Ammann had then demonstrated more courage than most men. "
Immediately after a speech in Parliament on assistance for the families with many children died Ellen Ammann 1932 following a stroke. The grave of Ellen Ammann is located on the Old South Cemetery in Munich ( grave field 32 Series 1- grave 12/13 ) - ( Standort48.12555555555611.564166666667 ).